Went the Day Well?
|Went the Day Well?|
Theatrical movie poster
|Directed by||Alberto Cavalcanti|
|Produced by||Michael Balcon|
|Written by||Graham Greene (story)
|Music by||William Walton|
|Editing by||Sidney Cole|
|Distributed by||Ealing Studios|
|Release dates||7 December 1942 (UK)|
|Running time||92 minutes|
Went the Day Well? is a 1942 British war film adapted from a story by Graham Greene and directed by Alberto Cavalcanti. It was produced by Michael Balcon of Ealing Studios and served as unofficial propaganda for the war effort. It tells of how an English village is taken over by Nazi paratroopers. It reflects the greatest potential nightmare of many Britons of the time, although the threat of German invasion had largely receded by that point. (Germany's planned invasion, Operation Sea Lion, had been indefinitely postponed.) It includes the first major role of Thora Hird, and one of the last of C. V. France. The village location for some scenes was Turville in Buckinghamshire.
The story is told in flashback by a villager, played by Mervyn Johns, as though to a person visiting after the war. He recounts: one Saturday during the Second World War, a group of seemingly authentic British soldiers arrive in the small, fictitious English village of Bramley End. It is the Whitsun weekend so life is even quieter than usual and there is almost no traffic of any kind. At first they are welcomed by the villagers, until doubts begin to grow about their true purpose and identity. After they are revealed to be German soldiers intended to form the vanguard of an invasion of Britain, they round up the residents and hold them captive in the local church. The vicar is shot after sounding the church bell in alarm.
The civilians attempt to escape to warn the local Home Guard, but are betrayed by the village squire, who is revealed to be collaborating with the Germans. The local Home Guard is ambushed and shot by the Germans. Several attempts are made to escape or contact the outside world, all of which fail until eventually a young boy succeeds in escaping; despite being shot in the leg, he alerts the army. British soldiers arrive, and - aided by some of the villagers, including a group of Land Army girls, who have managed to escape, barricade themselves in, and arm themselves - defeat the Germans after a short battle. The squire is shot dead by the vicar's daughter, who had discovered his treachery, as he attempts to let the Germans into the barricaded house.
The villager retelling the story to the camera shows the Germans' grave in the churchyard and explains proudly that "this is the only bit of England they got".
- Leslie Banks as Oliver Wilsford, the traitorous squire
- C.V. France as the Reverend Ashton, the vicar
- Valerie Taylor as Nora Ashton, the vicar's daughter
- Marie Lohr as Mrs Fraser
- Basil Sydney as Kommandant Orlter, alias Major Hammond
- Harry Fowler as George Truscott
- Elizabeth Allan as Peggy Pryde (a Land Army Girl)
- Frank Lawton as Tom Sturry
- Thora Hird as Ivy Dawking (a Land Army Girl)
- Muriel George as Mrs Collins, the postmistress
- Patricia Hayes as Daisy
- Mervyn Johns as Charles Sims
- Norman Pierce as Jim Sturry
- Hilda Bayley as Cousin Maude
- Edward Rigby as Bill Purvis, the poacher
- Ellis Irving as Harry Drew
- Grace Arnold as Mrs Owen
- David Farrar as Lt. Jung, alias Lt. Maxwell
- John Slater as German sergeant
- James Donald as German corporal
- Men of the Gloucestershire Regiment
- Went the day well?
- We died and never knew.
- But, well or ill,
- Freedom, we died for you.
This epitaph was written by the classical scholar John Maxwell Edmonds, and originally appeared in The Times on 6 February 1918, page 7, under the heading Four Epitaphs. "Went the day well" also appeared in an unidentified newspaper cutting in a scrapbook now held in the RAF Museum (AC97/127/50), and in a collection of First World War poems collated by Vivian Noakes.
The film reinforced the message that civilians should be vigilant against fifth columnists and that "careless talk costs lives". It was based on a short story by the author Graham Greene entitled The Lieutenant Died Last. By the time the film was released the threat of invasion had subsided somewhat, but it was still seen as an effective piece of propaganda, and its reputation has grown over the years. It has been noted that by opening and closing in a predicted future where not only had the war been won but a (fictitious) full-scale German invasion of Britain defeated, and by presenting a scenario where all echelons of British society unite for the common good (the lady of the manor sacrifices herself without hesitation, for example), the film's message was morale-boosting and positive rather than scaremongering. In 2010 an article in The Independent (London) commented, "It subtly captures an immemorial quality of English rural life—the church, the local gossip, the sense of community—and that streak of native 'pluck' that people believed would see off Hitler".
In July 2010, StudioCanal and the British Film Institute National Archive released a restoration of the Went the Day Well? to significant critical acclaim. Tom Huddleston of Time Out (London) termed it "jawdroppingly subversive. Cavalcanti establishes, with loving care and the occasional wry wink, the ultimate bucolic English scene, then takes an almost sadistic delight in tearing it to bloody shreds in an orgy of shockingly blunt, matter-of-fact violence." When the restored film opened at Film Forum in New York City in 2011, A.O. Scott of The New York Times called it "undeservedly forgotten... [H]ome-front propaganda has rarely seemed so cutthroat or so cunning." 
- Duguid, Mark. "Went the Day Well? (1942)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
- "Nazis into Germans: Went the Day Well? (1942) and The Eagle Has Landed (1976; Critical Essay)". Journal of Popular Film and Television (encyclopedia.com). 22 June 2003. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- Noakes, Vivian (ed.) Voices of Silence: the Alternative Book of First World War Poetry, History Press 2006. ISBN 0750945214
- Nield, Anthony (6 September 2003). "Went the Day Well?". DVD Times. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Went The Day Well? (PG)". The Independent. 9 July 2010. Arts & Books, p. 9.
- Huddleston, Tom (8 July 2010). "Went the Day Well? Movie Review". Time Out London. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Scott, A.O. (20 May 2011). "Bucking Up the British in the Midst of the Fight". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Houston, Penelope. Went the Day Well? London: BFI, 1992 ISBN 0-85170-218-6