Wenzel Müller

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Wenzel Müller

Wenzel Müller (26 September 1767 – 3 August 1835) was an Austrian composer and conductor.

Life and career[edit]

Müller was born in Markt Türnau, in the Moravia.[1] He studied with Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf and performed as a theatre musician in his youth. In 1786 he became Kapellmeister at the Theater in der Leopoldstadt in Leopoldstadt, Vienna. After a short spell at the German theatre in Prague from 1807 until 1813 he returned to Leopoldstadt where he worked until 1830. Under his leadership, the theatre became one of the most important venues in Viennese musical life. He died in Baden bei Wien.

He was a popular and prolific composer producing more than 250 works. Although he wrote several popular stage works (mostly Singspiele), his art songs are his enduring legacy. Often possessing witty music and lyrics or expressing a great deal of tenderness, Müller's songs were immensely popular and some of the works he wrote with Ferdinand Raimund remain in the Viennese repertory.

His opera Die Schwestern von Prag provided the theme for Beethoven's "Kakadu Variations" for piano trio, Opus 121a. He is said to have composed what has been falsely known as Mozart's "Twelfth Mass", the Missa in G major K Anh. 232 (C1.04).[2]

Müller was married twice and his second wife was Magdalena Valley Reining. He had children Therese (1791–1876), Caroline (1814–1868), Ottilia (1816–1817), Carl (born 1815) and Joseph (born 1816), all of whom became opera singers.[3]

Works[edit]

Title Genre Sub­divisions Libretto Première date Place, theatre
Harlekin auf dem Parade Beth oder Nach dem Schlimmen folgt das Gute große Pantomime   BaumannAnton Baumann 17841784; 14 May 1790 Brno; Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
SonnenfestDas Sonnenfest der Braminen heroisch-komisches Singspiel 2 acts HenslerKarl Friedrich Hensler (de) 1790-09-099 September 1790 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
Kaspar der Fagottist oder Die Zauberzither Singspiel 3 acts PerinetJoachim Perinet (de) 1791-06-088 June 1791 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
neueDas neue Sonntagskind Singspiel 2 acts PerinetJoachim Perinet, after Philipp Hafner 1793-10-1010 October 1793 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
SchwesternDie Schwestern von Prag Singspiel 2 acts PerinetJoachim Perinet, after Philipp Hafner 1794-03-1111 March 1794 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
lustigeDas lustige Beylager Singspiel 2 acts PerinetJoachim Perinet, after Philipp Hafner 1797-02-1414 February 1797 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
TeufelsDie Teufels Mühle am Wienerberg Schauspiel mit Gesang 4 acts HenslerCarl Friedrich Hensler/Leopold Huber 1799-11-1212 November 1799 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
BelagerungDie Belagerung von Ypsilon oder Evakathel und Schnudi Karikaturoperette 2 acts PerinetJoachim Perinet, after Philipp Hafner 1804-05-044 May 1804 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
Javima Oper 3 acts   1807-05-2121 May 1807 Prague Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
Samson Melodram 3 acts SchusterJoseph Anton Schuster 18081808 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
Simon Plattkopf, der Unsichtbare Singspiel 1 act CostenobleCarl Ludwig Costenoble 18091809 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
WunderlampeDie Wunderlampe Zauberoper 4 acts GleichJosef Alois Gleich 18101810 Prague
FiakerDer Fiaker al Marquis komische Oper 3 acts BäuerleAdolf Bäuerle 1816-02-1010 February 1816 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
Aline oder Wien in einem andern Welttheil Zauberoper 3 acts BäuerleAdolf Bäuerle 1822-10-099 October 1822 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
BarometerDer Barometermacher auf der Zauberinsel Zauberposse 2 acts RaimundFerdinand Raimund 1823-12-1818 December 1823 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
schwarzeDer schwarze See oder Der Blasebalgmacher und der Geist Zauberspiel 2 acts Lenz? 1825-02-044 February 1825 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
JosefHerr Josef und Frau Baberl Posse 3 acts Gleich 1826-05-1111 May 1826 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
gefesselteDie gefesselte Phantasie Zauberspiel 2 acts RaimundFerdinand Raimund 1828-01-088 January 1828 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt
AlpenDer Alpenkönig und der Menschenfeind romantisch-komisches Zauberspiel 2 acts RaimundFerdinand Raimund 1828-10-1717 October 1828 Vienna, Theater in der Leopoldstadt

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]