The railway in Lianjiang County, Fujian.
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway (simplified Chinese: 温福铁路; traditional Chinese: 温廈鐵路; pinyin: wēnfú Tiělù) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line on the eastern coast of China. The line, also known as the Wenfu Railway, is named after its two terminal cities Wenzhou in Zhejiang Province and Fuzhou in Fujian Province. The line has a total length of 298.4 kilometres and forms part of China's Southeast Coast High-Speed Rail Corridor. Construction began in August 2005, and the line opened to freight traffic on July 1, 2009. Passenger service began on September 28, 2009. Trains running on the line reach top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, and the shortest trip between Wenzhou and Fuzhou takes 1.5 hours. The line required investment of ¥12.66 billion.
The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway follows the rugged but prosperous coast of southern Zhejiang and northern Fujian with 69 km in the former and 229.1 km in the latter. Bridges and tunnels account for over 78% of the line's total length. Major cities along route include Rui'an, Cangnan, Fuding, Ningde, Luoyuan and Lianjiang.
The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway is the first railway to connect the two neighboring provinces. Most high-speed rail lines in China follow the routes of older conventional railroads, but there were no railways on the southeast coast prior to the building of high-speed rail. Historically, the southeast coastal region relied on maritime transportation, and rugged terrain made railway construction more expensive. In the first half of the 20th century, warfare and political instability delayed railway construction. During the Cold War, the southeast coast faced the threat of invasion from Republic of China on Taiwan and all railways were built inland. Only when political tensions across the Taiwan Strait eased in the late 1990s did planning of the Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway take place. In October 2002, the project was initially approved by the National Development and Reform Commission as a single-track railway at the 140 km/h standard. The project was then upgraded to a double-track 200 km/h standard and received State Council approval in 2004. Construction on an experimental basis began in December 2004 and on a full-scale in August 2005. Track-laying was completed in April 2009. Freight and passenger service began, respectively on July 1 and September 28, 2009.
- Wenzhou:Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou Railway, Jinhua–Wenzhou Railway
- Fuzhou: Fuzhou–Xiamen Railway, Nanping–Fuzhou Railway, Xiangtang–Putian Railway
- "China to open Wenzhou-Fuzhou railroad at mid-year" People's Daily 2009-03-09
- (Chinese) "温福铁路7月1日起通车运营 年内开行动车组列车" Xinhua 2009-07-01