Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway

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Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen
High-Speed Railway
Wenzhou–Fuzhou Section
杭福深高速铁路温福段
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
China Railways CRH Passing through Lianjiang county.jpg
The railway in Lianjiang County, Fujian.
Overview
Type CRH
Locale China
Operation
Owner China Railway
Operator(s) China Railway High-speed
Technical
Line length 298.1 km (185 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 50Hz 25,000V
Operating speed 200 km/h (124 mph)
Route map
To Shanghai on Yongtaiwen Railway
Jinhua–Wenzhou Railway
Wenzhou
0 km Wenzhou South
23 km Rui'an
40 km Aojiang
57 km Cangnan
Zhejiang / Fujian border
94 km Fuding
113 km Taimushan
147 km Xiapu
179 km Fu'an
206 km Ningde
230 km Luoyan
262 km Lianjiang
Mawei
Nanfu Railway
302 km Fuzhou
298 km Fuzhou South
To Shenzhen North via Xiamen North on Fuxia Railway
Wenzhou-Fuzhou Railway
Simplified Chinese 温福铁路
Traditional Chinese 温廈鐵路

The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway (simplified Chinese: 温福铁路; traditional Chinese: 温廈鐵路; pinyin: wēnfú Tiělù) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line on the eastern coast of China. The line, also known as the Wenfu Railway, is named after its two terminal cities Wenzhou in Zhejiang Province and Fuzhou in Fujian Province. The line has a total length of 298.4 kilometres and forms part of China's Southeast Coast High-Speed Rail Corridor. Construction began in August 2005, and the line opened to freight traffic on July 1, 2009. Passenger service began on September 28, 2009. Trains running on the line reach top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, and the shortest trip between Wenzhou and Fuzhou takes 1.5 hours.[1] The line required investment of ¥12.66 billion.[1]

Route[edit]

The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway follows the rugged but prosperous coast of southern Zhejiang and northern Fujian with 69 km in the former and 229.1 km in the latter.[1] Bridges and tunnels account for over 78% of the line's total length. Major cities along route include Rui'an, Cangnan, Fuding, Ningde, Luoyuan and Lianjiang.

History[edit]

The Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway is the first railway to connect the two neighboring provinces.[1] Most high-speed rail lines in China follow the routes of older conventional railroads, but there were no railways on the southeast coast prior to the building of high-speed rail. Historically, the southeast coastal region relied on maritime transportation, and rugged terrain made railway construction more expensive. In the first half of the 20th century, warfare and political instability delayed railway construction. During the Cold War, the southeast coast faced the threat of invasion from Republic of China on Taiwan and all railways were built inland. Only when political tensions across the Taiwan Strait eased in the late 1990s did planning of the Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway take place. In October 2002, the project was initially approved by the National Development and Reform Commission as a single-track railway at the 140 km/h standard. The project was then upgraded to a double-track 200 km/h standard and received State Council approval in 2004. Construction on an experimental basis began in December 2004 and on a full-scale in August 2005.[2] Track-laying was completed in April 2009. Freight and passenger service began, respectively on July 1 and September 28, 2009.[2]

Rail connections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Wenzhou-Fuzhou Railway
Line length: 298.1 km (185 mi)
Track gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Maximum speed: 200 km/h (124 mph)