Vé (shrine)

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In Germanic paganism, a (Old Norse) or wēoh (Old English) is a type of shrine or sacred enclosure. The term appears in skaldic poetry and in place names in Scandinavia (with the exception of Iceland), often in connection with a Norse pagan deity or a geographic feature. The name of the Norse god , refers to the practice.[1] Andy Orchard says that a vé may have surrounded a temple or have been simply a marked, open place where worship occurred. Orchard points out that Tacitus, in his 1st century CE work Germania, says that the Germanic peoples, unlike the Romans, "did not seek to contain their deities within temple walls."[2]

Etymology[edit]

In the 9th century Oklunda inscription a man obtains sanctuary at a vé after committing a crime, probably a homicide.

Vé derives from a Common Germanic word meaning sacred or holy, cf. Gothic weihs (holy), Old English wēoh, wīg (idol), German weihen (consecrate, sanctify), German Weihnachten (Christmas).

References in Norse literature[edit]

References to a vé are made in Old Norse literature without emphasis. For example, the Prose Edda quotes a verse of the Skáldskaparmál of Skúli Þórsteinsson and mentions a vé:

Glens beðja veðr gyðju
goðblíð í vé, síðan
ljós kømr gótt, með geislum,
gránserks ofan Mána.[3]
God-blithe bedfellow of Glen
steps to her divine sanctuary
with brightness; then descends the good
light of grey-clad moon.[4]

Toponyms[edit]

Odensvi, meaning "Odin's shrine", is one of numerous toponyms named after Odin.

Examples of - appearing in toponyms after the names of Norse gods and goddesses:

Eight old farms in Norway have the name (in Flå, Norderhov, Ringsaker, Sande, Stamnes, Tveit, Tysnes and Årdal). It is also common as the first element in compounded names: Vébólstaðr "the farm with a ve"), Védalr ("the valley with a ve"), Véló ("the holy meadow"), Vésetr ("the farm with a ve"), Véstaðir ("the farm with a ve"), Vésteinn ("the holy stone"), Vévatn ("the holy lake"), Véøy ("the holy island").

The name of the former Finnish city of Vyborg, located along the trade route from Scandinavia to Byzantium, is also considered related.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Simek (2007:355) and Orchard (1997:173).
  2. ^ Orchard (1997:173–174).
  3. ^ From Finnur Jónsson's edition, here taken from http://www.hi.is/~eybjorn/ugm/skindex/skul2.html
  4. ^ From Faulkes' translation of the Prose Edda, here divided into four lines for convenience. Snorri Sturluson 1995:93.
  5. ^ Hellquist (1922:93)
  6. ^ The article Härnevi in Nationalencyklopedin.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Hellquist (1922:1116)
  8. ^ Hellquist (1922:519)
  9. ^ Simek (2007:355).
  10. ^ Hellquist (1922:780)
  11. ^ Hellquist (1922:1057)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Diagram showing a Vé at Jelling from Jones & Pennick, A History of Pagan Europe, p. 120.