Werner Faymann

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Werner Faymann
2014-02-12 80 Jahre 12. Februar 1934 (12496249084).jpg
Chancellor of Austria
Incumbent
Assumed office
2 December 2008
President Heinz Fischer
Deputy Michael Spindelegger
Preceded by Alfred Gusenbauer
Federal Minister for Transport, Innovation and Technology
In office
11 January 2007 – 23 November 2008
Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer
Preceded by Hubert Gorbach
Succeeded by Doris Bures
Personal details
Born (1960-05-04) 4 May 1960 (age 53)
Vienna, Austria
Political party Social Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Martina Ludwig-Faymann
Children 2
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Werner Faymann (German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈfaɪman]; born 4 May 1960) is an Austrian politician who has been Chancellor of Austria and chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) since 2008.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Vienna, Austria,[1] he studied law at the University of Vienna for two years but did not graduate.[2][3]

Career[edit]

From 1985 to 1988 Faymann was a consultant at the Zentralsparkasse Bank (now Bank Austria), which he left to become director and provincial chairman of the Viennese Tenants' counselling. He was also provincial chairman of Socialist Youth Vienna (Sozialistische Jugend Wien) from 1985 until 1994, when he became a member of the Viennese state parliament and municipal council; where he held various positions concerning housing construction and urban renewal.[2]

Faymann was Federal Minister for Transport, Innovation and Technology in the Cabinet of Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer. On 16 June 2008 Faymann succeeded Gusenbauer as chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) and led the party in the snap legislative elections, held on 28 September 2008. The election was famously preceded by Faymann and Gusenbauer together announcing a shift in the party's position towards the signing of new EU treaties, which they did by writing an open letter to Hans Dichand, the editor of the yellow press medium Kronen Zeitung, the largest newspaper in the country. This caused a scandal within the party, because the shift was not decided by any party committee, and led the pro-EU Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) to end the existing coalition, thus causing the elections. Faymann was known for his good relationship with the now-deceased Dichand, who would also support him in the following election campaign. Although the SPÖ lost 11 seats, and had a 6% swing against it (in fact, their worst result since World War II), they came ahead of their main rivals Austrian People's Party with regard to seats (57 to 51) as well as to share of the vote (29.26% to 25.98%).[2][4] Afterwards, Faymann renewed the coalition with the Austrian People's Party, as he had announced before the election.

Chancellor[edit]

As head of the largest party in the National Council of Austria, Faymann was asked by Federal President Heinz Fischer on 8 October 2008 to form a new Government.[5]

A coalition was agreed upon on 23 November 2008, between the SPÖ and the ÖVP and it was sworn in on 2 December 2008.[6]

In domestic affairs, Faymann's administration has been notable in enacting a wide range of progressive reforms in areas such as education and social security.[7][8][9]

Private life[edit]

Faymann is a Roman Catholic.[1] He is married and has two children.[2][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chancellor of Austria". World Diplomacy. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Curriculum Vitae of Werner Faymann". Federal Chancellery of Austria. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  3. ^ "The crisis in the SPÖ: An interview with Werner Faymann" (in German). Kleine Zeitung. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2008" (in German). Federal Ministry for the Interior. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Austrian President Fischer Asks Faymann to Form Government". Bloomberg L.P. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "New Austrian government takes office". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "News from Austria 2011: Federal Chancellery of Austria". Oesta. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  8. ^ "Austria". Eiro Annual Review. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "Austria". Eiro Annual Review. 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Werner Faymann" (in German). Social Democratic Party of Austria. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Alfred Gusenbauer
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
2008–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Alfred Gusenbauer
Chancellor of Austria
2008–present
Incumbent