Werner Kreipe

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Werner Kreipe
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J27283, Werner Kreipe.jpg
Born (1904-04-12)12 April 1904
Hannover
Died 7 September 1967(1967-09-07) (aged 63)
Badenweiler
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch German Army 1922–1934
Luftwaffe 1934–1945
Rank General der Flieger
Commands held III./Kampfgeschwader 2

Werner Kreipe (12 April 1904 – 7 September 1967)[1] was a German World War II Luftwaffe General der Flieger.

Luftwaffe career[edit]

Kreipe joined the Luftwaffe in 1934. Kreipe held various staff positions until the winter 1939/40, when he was selected or applied for a field role. He joined Kampfgeschwader 2 (Bomber Wing 2) and commanded its III. Gruppe during the Battle of France and the Battle of Belgium. In June 1940 he returned to various staff positions. In December 1941 his promoted as Chief of Staff, 1st Air Corps (I. Fliegerkorps). In August 1942 he was promoted as the Luftwaffe's General Chief of Staff. In July 1943 he was appointed General der Flieger (General of Flying).

Dissatisfied with Hermann Göring's leadership of the Luftwaffe, Adolf Hitler wanted to replace him with Robert Ritter von Greim.[2] Unable to convince Greim to accept the role, Hitler forced Göring to sack Kreipe, and provisionally replace him on 19 September 1944 with the stolid Karl Koller, who was officially assigned the position on 12 November.[3] However, Koller was unable to reform the Luftwaffe, which had been mismanaged by Göring and had lost air superiority over the skies of Europe.[4]

In January 1945, he organised the logistical effort and preparation for the Luftwaffe's last major offensive, Unternehmen Bodenplatte (Operation Baseplate) on 1 January 1945. Kreipe continued in staff positions until surrendering to the Western Allies in May 1945.

Post war[edit]

In 1956 Kreipe wrote a book about the war, and the Luftwaffe's role titled, The Fatal Decision:Six Decisive Battles of the Second world war from the Viewpoint of the Vanquished.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Werner Kreipe
  2. ^ Read, 853
  3. ^ Nielsen, 40
  4. ^ Nielsen, 130
  5. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 253.
Bibliography
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
General der Flieger Günther Korten
Acting Chief of the Luftwaffe General Staff
2 August 1944 – 28 October 1944
Succeeded by
General der Flieger Karl Koller