Werribee, Victoria

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Werribee
MelbourneVictoria
Werribeepark.jpg
Werribee Park
Werribee is located in Melbourne
Werribee
Werribee
Coordinates 37°54′00″S 144°39′50″E / 37.9°S 144.664°E / -37.9; 144.664Coordinates: 37°54′00″S 144°39′50″E / 37.9°S 144.664°E / -37.9; 144.664
Population 37,737 (2011)[1]
 • Density 1,586/km2 (4,107/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3030
Area 23.8 km2 (9.2 sq mi)
Location 32 km (20 mi) from Melbourne city centre
LGA(s) City of Wyndham
State electorate(s) Lara, Tarneit
Federal Division(s) Lalor
Suburbs around Werribee:
Wyndham Vale Tarneit Hoppers Crossing
Mambourin Werribee Point Cook
Cocoroc Werribee South Werribee South

Werribee is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 32 km south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Wyndham. At the 2011 Census, Werribee had a population of 37,737.

Werribee is situated on the Werribee River, approximately halfway between Melbourne and Geelong, on the Princes Highway. It is the administrative centre of the City of Wyndham Local Government Area and is the City's most populous centre. Werribee is considered part of the Greater Melbourne metropolitan area and is included in the capital's population statistical division.[2]

Since the 1990s the suburb has experienced rapid suburban growth into surrounding greenfield land, and becoming a commuter town in the Melbourne-Geelong growth corridor. Due to this urban sprawl Wyndham and its suburbs have merged into the Melbourne conurbation.

It was established as an agricultural settlement in the 1850s, originally named Wyndham and was renamed Werribee (derived from the aboriginal name meaning "backbone" or "spine") in 1904.

The suburb is best known for its major tourist attractions, which include the former estate of wealthy pastoralist Thomas Chirnside, known as Werribee Park and the Werribee Open Range Zoo.

History[edit]

The name Werribee is an aboriginal name meaning "backbone" or "spine". It is thought that this name was given as the shape of the Werribee River valley and the landscape look like a backbone.[citation needed]

Early leasing of pastures was led by members of John Batman's Port Phillip Association. A rural township began in the early 1850s. This village was named Wyndham (the name of the local Municipality today). The name derived from a suggestion by the owner of a local village inn, Elliott Armstrong, who sought to honour Scottish soldier Sir Henry Wyndham. The Post Office opened on 12 January 1858 as Wyndham and was renamed Werribee in 1904.[3] However, its adjacent river was called the Werribee River, and the town's name was later changed to Werribee in 1884, and the Shire Council at that time was also renamed Werribee in 1909.[citation needed]

Werribee at this time was very popular for development. Thomas Chirnside, a person famous in this area even today, was attracted to the open plain's suitability for agricultural uses. By 1863 he controlled more than 280 square kilometres around Werribee. Chirnside bought other smaller holdings of land at this time. The town grew steadily, helped by a railway line from Melbourne to Geelong, with a station at Werribee in 1857.[citation needed]

The Shire was huge, extending from the inner suburbs of Melbourne to Little River to the northward town of Melton and covering 715 square kilometres.

Thomas Chirnside committed suicide in 1887. He was found dead in the laundry at Werribee Park with a shotgun lying beside him. His brother Andrew died three years later, and the property was now divided between Andrew's two sons. A new mansion was built, called "The Manor" (not in the same place as the current suburb of Manor Lakes).

In 1881 a quarter of the Shire's population lived in the Werribee Township.[citation needed] There were hotels there, as well as recreational venues such as the Werribee Racecourse (built in 1879) as well as the Mechanics' Institute (built in 1883).

Neighbouring suburbs[edit]

Werribee's central business district is located along Watton Street; the civic centre (council chambers) being just 500 metres away also makes it the administrative centre of the City of Wyndham. Werribee is surrounded by several mostly residential suburbs: Wyndham Vale to the north-west, Hoppers Crossing and Tarneit to the north, Truganina and Williams Landing to the north-east, and Point Cook to the east. The market gardens and well-known tourist precinct are found in Werribee South, on the other side of the Maltby Bypass.

The area's major regional shopping centre, the Werribee Plaza, is actually located just across the suburb boundary in Hoppers Crossing.

Transport[edit]

Werribee railway station

Road[edit]

Werribee's town centre and its Civic Centre (council offices) are located adjacent to the Princes Highway, known locally as Synnot Street. Major local arterial roads Derrimut Road and Old Geelong Road (as an extension of Morris Road) connect the highway to the City of Wyndham's north, as does Cherry Street. Ballan Road is the major arterial to Wyndham's north-west.

The CBD also links with the Princes Freeway via Duncans Road to the south-east, and via Geelong road (the continuation of the Princes Highway) to the south west. The Princes Freeway circumvents the township via a section known as the Maltby Bypass.[4]

Public transport[edit]

There are two major railway stations in the area – Werribee railway station and Hoppers Crossing railway station to the north-east, both part of the Melbourne metropolitan network. Werribee Station is the terminus of the Werribee line, but also a stop for VLine services to and from Geelong.

A disused station exists on the line near Werribee Racecourse, which at times has had calls to be reopened.[5][6] Additionally, tracks have been left spread apart for a future station near Derrimut Road.[7] Further suburban stations to the north and west are being constructed on a new line as part of the Regional Rail Link to be joined with the regional rail network.[8]

An extensive bus network[9] links Werribee with neighbouring suburbs, with major bus interchanges at Werribee Station, Werribee Plaza and Hoppers Crossing Station.

Cycling[edit]

Wyndham City Council is consistently one of the highest spending councils when it comes to bicycle infrastructure.[10][11] Thus Werribee is well served with bike paths and bike lanes.

Major trails include:

Health[edit]

Werribee Mercy Hospital

The City of Wyndham and surrounding areas are serviced by the Werribee Mercy Hospital, which opened in 1994 to replace the now defunct Werribee District Hospital.[12] It is a major provider of mental health care and maternity services for the local area.[13]

A new multi disciplinary, purpose-built medical facility was recently built opposite the Mercy Hospital, to be known as Wyndham Private Medical Centre. It includes a general practice clinic, specialist suites, allied health, mental health and pathology services.[14][15]

Education[edit]

Primary education is provided by numerous public, private and Catholic schools, some of which are combined with secondary education as one P-12 college (denoted c.).

  • Werribee Primary
  • St Andrews Primary
  • Corpus Christi Primary
  • Glen Devon Primary (now merged with Glen Orden)
  • Wyndham Park Primary (formerly Glen Orden)
  • Heathdale Christian College (c.)
  • Bethany Catholic Primary
  • Westgrove Primary
  • Manorvale Primary
  • Thomas Chirnside Primary
  • Cambridge Primary School

Secondary education is provided by a range of public, private and Catholic colleges, also with some being combined with primary education as one P-12 college.

Tertiary education is Provided by a number of university and TAFE campuses, which are all located in the Werribee Employment Precinct – a large area between the Princes Highway and Freeway.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Werribee (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Melbourne Statistical Division. (PDF) . vcec.vic.gov.au.
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008 
  4. ^ Melbourne, VIC – Map of Melbourne, VIC, 3004 – Melway, Sydway, Brisway, Ausway, Street Smart. Street-directory.com.au. Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  5. ^ New Werribee Station?? / Melbourne suburban / Forums / Railpage. Railpage.com.au. Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  6. ^ My Transport Plan. railpage.com.au
  7. ^ Locations – Derrimut Road. Rail Geelong (25 May 2009). Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  8. ^ Regional Rail Link. New Stations. hawkscrestproperty.com
  9. ^ Werribee Network Map. cdcvictoria.com.au
  10. ^ BiXE. bicyclenetwork.com.au
  11. ^ Wyndham City Council. bicyclenetwork.com.au
  12. ^ Retrieved 13 July 2012. Werribeehospitalfoundation.org.au (8 May 2008). Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  13. ^ Retrieved 13 July 2012. Mercy.com.au. Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  14. ^ Welcome to Wyndham Private Medical Centre | Just another WordPress site. Wyndhamprivate.com.au. Retrieved on 3 May 2014.
  15. ^ [1].[dead link]

External links[edit]