Wertheim am Main
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
|• Lord Mayor||Stefan Mikulicz (CDU)|
|• Total||138.63 km2 (53.53 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Wertheim is the most northerly town in the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is situated on the delta of the river Tauber flowing into the river Main. It borders on the Odenwald and the Spessart to the north across the river Main.
The following Cities and parishes border on Wertheim, listed clockwise starting at the east:
Holzkirchen, Helmstadt and Neubrunn (all district Würzburg, Bavaria), Werbach and Külsheim (both district Main-Tauber-Kreis), Neunkirchen (district Miltenberg, Bavaria), Freudenberg (Main-Tauber-Kreis), Stadtprozelten and Faulbach (both district Miltenberg) and Hasloch, Kreuzwertheim and Triefenstein (all district Main-Spessart, Bavaria).
Wertheim was founded between the 7th and 8th century, however the first settlement was a town called Kreuzwertheim on the right bank of the river Main. From the early 12th century onwards, a branch of the noble family of the Reginbodons called themselves after the town. After the family of the Counts of Wertheim had built a castle on the left bank of the river Main, a settlement developed at the foot of this dominating structure that was called Wertheim. It was mentioned for the first time in 779. In 1192, it was referred to as Suburbium castri Wertheim and in 1200 the town was called oppidium and in 1244 civitas.
Count Eberhard of Wertheim reigned from the year 1355 to 1373. 1363 Emperor Karl IV granted him by degree the right to mint coins. The last Count of Wertheim was Michael III. He married Katharina, the oldest daughter of Ludwig of Stolberg. Michael died without producing a male heir and consequently the county passed to Ludwig of Stolberg. In 1574, after the death of Ludwig, the county passed on to his son-in-law Count Ludwig of Löwenstein.
The town Wertheim developed into the center of the County of Wertheim. The county was governed by the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim. In 1630, the house split into two lines: the older Protestant line Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg and the catholic line Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort.The county existed until 1806 when it was divided as a consequence of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss. The area left of the Main river was given to the Grand Duchy of Baden, while the territories right of the Main were given to the Kingdom of Bavaria.
In 1938, Wertheim was merged with Tauberbischofsheim into the newly created district Landkreis Tauberbischofsheim. From 1972 onwards, 15 communities were incorporated with Wertheim. These 15 communities are: Bettingen, Dertingen, Dietenhan, Dörlesberg, Grünenwört, Höhefeld, Kembach, Lindelbach, Mondfeld, Nassig, Reicholzheim, Sachsenhausen, Sonderriet, Urphar and Waldenhausen. As of January 1, 1973 the Landkreis Tauberbischofsheim was merged into the new Main-Tauber-Kreis. Due to the incorporation of surrounding communities, Wertheim reached the 20,000 population mark in 1975. Wertheim became a Große Kreisstadt (district town) on January 1, 1976.
Established in 1406, the cemetery of the former Jewish community is one of the oldest in Germany. In use up until the 20th century, it is the oldest existing Jewish cemetery in Baden-Württemberg.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Wertheim, shows a parted shield the upper part in gold with a black eagle and below in blue three silver roses. The city flag is yellow-blue. The coat of arms is nearly unchanged in use since 1556. It is the coat of arms of the Counts of Wertheim. The meaning of the symbols is unknown.
Burg Wertheim (castle) is the landmark of the town. Wertheim has a medieval town center with half-timbered houses and small streets. The Gothic Protestant church (Stiftskirche) was built in 1383. Two clocks can be seen on the clock tower, one with an hour hand only, for the residents of the castle. The Kilianskapelle, a Gothic chapel, was constructed after 1469. The Engelsbrunnen ("Angels' well") from 1574 was built of the red sandstone typical of this area and derives its name from two little angels holding Wertheim's coat of arms.
Other sights include the Kittsteintor with flood markings from 1595 onwards and the Blaues Haus ("Blue house") with the only known paint that uses blue glass fragments for the color.
- Glasmuseum (glass museum)
- - Salon-de-Provence (France), since 1964
- - Huntingdon and Godmanchester (England), since 1981
- - Szentendre (Hungary), since 1989
- - Csobánka (Hungary), since 1992
- - Gubbio (Italy), since 2006
¹ Census result
Mayor (Bürgermeister) and Lord Mayor (Oberbürgermeister)
- 1810-1827: Johann Christoph Schlundt
- 1827-1829: Christoph Michael Platz
- 1829-1832: Johann Georg Weimar
- 1832-1839: Johann Friedrich Bach
- 1839-1840: Christoph Wilhelm Müller
- 1840-1845: Johann Jakob von Runkel
- 1845-1852: Ludwig Haas
- 1852-1860: Johann Jakob von Runkel
- 1860-1866: Ludwig Haas
- 1866-1871: Philipp Frank
- 1871-1880: Lorenz Meyer
- 1880-1890: Philipp Amthauer
- 1890-1895: Philipp Mayer
- 1895-1905: Michael Müller
- 1905-1933: Hans Bardon
- 1933-1938: Friedrich Bender
- 1938-1943: Hans Mensler
- 1944-1945: Hermann Dürr
- 1945: Carl Roth
- 1945-1946: Michael Beck
- 1946: Otto Hoog
- 1946-1961: Carl Roth
- 1961-1981: Karl Josef Scheuermann
- 1981-2003: Stefan Gläser
- 2003-today: Stefan Mikulicz
Summer festival (Altstadtfest) on the last three days of July, followed by a medieval festival at the castle followed by the Wertheimer Messe (like Oktoberfest).
For many years Wertheim was home to Peden Barracks, a US Army installation. Headquartered at Peden Barracks was the 72nd Field Artillery Brigade, as well as two Field Artillery Battalions - 3/35FA (8 inch self-propelled) and 4/27 FA (MLRS). Also the 71 Assault helicopter company that flew the UH-1H "Huey" or Iroquois helicopter. Also 2 squads of the 212th Military Police Company, 3rd Platoon. The US Army left Peden Barracks Barracks in the early 1990s as part of the post Cold War reorganization of US armed forces in Germany. In addition the 1st Bn 67th Artillery Headquarters was here. This unit was a Nike Hercules Battalion.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- Jankowski, Wilfried (31 July 2010). "»Längst ein halber Wertheimer« Besuch aus Kalifornien: Jüdischer Emigrant Bert Schwarzschild zeigt seiner Frau Naomi seine Vaterstadt [Long ago Wertheimer: Visiting from California: Jewish emigrant Bert Schwarzschild shows his wife, Naomi, his hometown]". de:Main-Echo. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Official website (German)
- Tourist site (German)
- Pictures of Wertheim on Wertheimer-Portal (German)
- HDR Photos of Wertheim am Main, October 2013