Weslaco, Texas

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Weslaco, Texas
City
City of Weslaco
Weslaco in July 2012
Weslaco in July 2012
Hidalgo County Weslaco.svg
Coordinates: 26°9′33″N 97°59′15″W / 26.15917°N 97.98750°W / 26.15917; -97.98750Coordinates: 26°9′33″N 97°59′15″W / 26.15917°N 97.98750°W / 26.15917; -97.98750
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Hidalgo
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Miguel D. Wise
J. F. Ramon Pineda
Carlos Martinez
Rene Rodriguez, Jr.
Gerardo "Jerry" Tafolla
Lupe V. Rivera
Joe A. Martinez
 • City Manager Leonardo Olivares
Area
 • Total 12.8 sq mi (33.0 km2)
 • Land 12.7 sq mi (32.9 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,670
 • Density 2,123.1/sq mi (819.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78596, 78599
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-77272[1]
GNIS feature ID 1349656[2]
Website www.WeslacoTX.gov

Weslaco is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas. The population was 35,670 at the 2010 United States Census. Weslaco derives its name from the W.E. Stewart Land Company.[3] It was the hometown of Harlon Block, one of the Marines photographed raising the flag at Iwo Jima.

Streets north of the railroad tracks have Spanish names, and streets south of the railroad tracks bear names in English as a consequence of a 1921 municipal ordinance which declared that land north of the tracks be reserved for Hispanic residences and businesses, and land south of the tracks be reserved for Anglo residences and businesses. During World War II, sandbag production reached a peak in Weslaco, and the town declared itself the "sandbagging capital of the world."

Weslaco is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Weslaco is located at 26°9′33″N 97°59′15″W / 26.15917°N 97.98750°W / 26.15917; -97.98750 (26.159130, -97.987374).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.8 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.7 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Weslaco has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the census[1] of 2000, there were 26,935 people, 8,295 households, and 6,602 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,123.1 people per square mile (819.5/km²). There were 10,230 housing units at an average density of 806.4 per square mile (311.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.92% White, 0.27% African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 20.93% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 83.76% of the population. The estimated population of Weslaco in 2012 was somewhere between 36,000 and 40,000 people.

There were 8,295 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.21 and the average family size was 3.68.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,573, and the median income for a family was $29,215. Males had a median income of $24,202 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,235. About 26.5% of families and 30.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 23.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Weslaco Post Office at 109 N Border Ave. [6]

The Texas Department of Public Safety operates the Region 3 McAllen office in Weslaco.[7]

The United States Border Patrol Weslaco Station is located at 1501 E. Expressway 83.

The Sergeant Tomás Garces Texas Army National Guard Armory located at 1100 Vo Tech Dr, in home for the C Company 3rd Battalion (Mechanised) 141st Infantry. This armory was dedicated in honor of Weslaco native Sgt. Tomás Garces, the first Texas Army National Guard combat casualty since World War II.

Education[edit]

State Flags or Banderas de Weslaco

Public education in Weslaco is provided by the Weslaco Independent School District, Idea Schools and South Texas Independent School District. There are 4 private schools: San Martin de Porres Catholic School, Valley Grande Adventist Academy, Mid-Valley Christian School, and First Christian Academy and 2 Charter schools: Horizon Montessori and Technology Education Charter High School. The city also has head start and pre-kinder programs as well as several privately owned day care centers. Continuing education facilities located within Weslaco include South Texas College, South Texas Vocational Technical Institute and Valley Grande Institute for Academic Studies. Texas A&M operates two agricultural research centers in Weslaco and the U.S. Department of Agriculture operates another.[citation needed]

Public Library

The Weslaco Public Library serves Weslaco.[8]

Health care[edit]

Knapp Medical Center serves Weslaco’s emergency medical needs. The facility is outfitted with a Heli-Pad, Level 3 Trauma Unit and 233 hospital beds. Surrounding Knapp Medical is an unofficial Health care district featuring a concentration of physicians, medical services and pharmacies. This district draws patients from the entire Mid-Valley, however for many specialized needs Weslaco residents still must travel to McAllen or Harlingen for health care. Weslaco employs 206 doctors, 9 dentists and 1 vet. There are 11 home health care agencies and 4 nursing homes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places, (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN 978-0-595-47758-6, page 324.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Weslaco, Texas
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - WESLACO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  7. ^ "Regional Contact Information" (Archive). Texas Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on April 24, 2014.
  8. ^ "Welcome to the Library." Weslaco Public Library. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
San Pius X Catholic Church

External links[edit]