Wessington Springs, South Dakota
|Wessington Springs, South Dakota|
Jerauld County Courthouse in Wessington Springs
Location in Jerauld County and the state of South Dakota
|• Total||1.77 sq mi (4.58 km2)|
|• Land||1.77 sq mi (4.58 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,670 ft (509 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||946|
|• Density||540.1/sq mi (208.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1258872|
The Wessington Springs townsite was founded in 1880 and platted in 1882, early in the era of agricultural settlement in the region. The town's boom era began in 1903, when a branch line of the Milwaukee Road railroad was constructed into the town from the east.
The town was the home of Wessington Springs College, an institution of higher learning that existed from 1887 until 1968.
On June 18, 2014 the town of Wessington Springs was hit by a tornado. At approximately 7:45 PM the tornado tore through the heart of Wessington Springs and 11 homes and 3 buildings were destroyed. Many other buildings and properties were damaged significantly. No fatalities were reported but several injuries were sustained. The town's emergency sirens gave residents significant advance notice to the threat, allowing residents to flee to the town's fallout shelter avoiding injury and death. The town was on lockdown for several hours to prevent further injuries and blockages. 
As of the census of 2010, there were 956 people, 465 households, and 266 families residing in the city. The population density was 540.1 inhabitants per square mile (208.5 /km2). There were 526 housing units at an average density of 297.2 per square mile (114.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.0% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 465 households of which 16.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.57.
The median age in the city was 57 years. 16.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 37.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 43.4% male and 56.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,011 people, 505 households, and 285 families residing in the city. The population density was 572.9 people per square mile (221.8/km²). There were 580 housing units at an average density of 328.6 per square mile (127.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.01% White, 0.40% Native American, 0.20% Asian, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.
There were 505 households out of which 16.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.4% were non-families. 39.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.50.
In the city the population was spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 15.6% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 40.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 55 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,736, and the median income for a family was $40,962. Males had a median income of $28,929 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,108. About 3.4% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Quinten Burg, member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
- David Rumelhart, psychologist.
- Robert Vessey, seventh Governor of South Dakota.
- "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Damage and injury after tornado hits small SD town; The Wichita Eagle; June 18, 2014.
- Tornado in South Dakota rips through heart of town; USA Today; June 19th, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "True Dakotan". South Dakota Press Association. Retrieved October 29, 2010.