The West Australian

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The West Australian
Type Daily newspaper
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) Seven West Media Limited
Editor Brett McCarthy
Founded 5 January 1833
Political alignment Centre-right [1]
Headquarters 50 Hasler Road,
Osborne Park, WA, Australia
Circulation 203,304 Daily
333,768 Saturday [2]
ISSN 0312-6323
Website www.thewest.com.au

The West Australian, widely known as The West (Saturday/Sunday edition: The Weekend West) is the only locally edited daily newspaper published in Perth, Western Australia, and is owned by Seven West Media.[3] The West is published in tabloid format, as is the state's other major newspaper, The Sunday Times, a News Corp[4] publication. It is the second-oldest continuously produced newspaper in Australia, having been published since 1833. The West has strong conservative leanings, and has consistently supported the Coalition.[5]

Circulation[edit]

Based on surveys to June 2010, the proprietors claimed a weekday circulation of 203,304 and a Saturday-edition circulation of 333,768.[2] The weekday average is significantly boosted by an enlarged classified-advertising section for motor vehicles each Wednesday.

In October 2010, the paper ended its long-term policy of not directly competing for Sunday readership and advertising by re-branding its former Saturday editions as "a weekend read" under the masthead The Weekend West.[6] In consequence, The West Australian was reduced to weekdays-only circulation.

A digital archive subscription enables past editions from July 2004 to be accessed for $220 per month or $2,200 per year.[7]

Content[edit]

The newspaper contains international, national and local news.

In the 1990s,the newspaper introduced innovations to coverage with its weekly "Earth 2000" focus on environmental matters and with "Asia Desk",the assignment of a series of senior journalists to cover events mainly in Southeast Asia.

Opinion columnists now include Zoltan Kovacs, Paul Murray and a variety of writers syndicated from Fairfax Media including Gerard Henderson, Danny Katz and Brian Toohey .

The paper publishes a supplement titled WestWeekend Magazine which is included as an insert in The Weekend West. The publisher also operates a "breaking news" website (thewest.com.au). In April 2008, the website was expanded to include a video news service called (as of August 2014) "Yahoo!7 TV", to compete with similar services from Fairfax Media and News Limited.

Corporate ownership[edit]

The West used this Fokker 27 in the mid-1990s to deliver its newspapers on a nightly flight from Perth to the north of Western Australia
Clock on the former premises, Newspaper House, St Georges Terrace

The West Australian was owned by the publicly listed company West Australian Newspapers Ltd from the 1920s. In 1969, the Melbourne based The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd bought WAN and published the paper until 1987 when it was sold to Robert Holmes à Court's Bell Group in 1987 when the remainder of H&WT was bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation.[8] The following year Alan Bond, through Bond Corporation, gained control of Bell Group and hence the paper. This ownership structure only survived for a few years until the collapse of Bond Corporation. A newly formed company, West Australian Newspapers Holdings, then purchased the paper from the receivers before being floated in an oversubscribed $185 million public offering.[9] Chairman Trevor Eastwood announced in the annual report that the company was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASXSWM) on 9 January 1992. A management fee of $217,000 and underwriting/brokers handling fee of $1,981,136 were paid to companies associated with former short-term directors John Poynton and J. H. Nickson.[10] After having acquired Seven Media Group in February 2011, West Australian Newspapers Holdings Limited became Seven West Media Limited, Australia's largest diversified media business.[11]

History[edit]

Masthead from the Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal, published Saturday 1 June 1833.

The West Australian traces its origins to The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal, the first edition of which appeared on 5 January 1833. Owned and edited by Perth postmaster Charles Macfaull, it was originally a four page weekly.[12] It was, at first, published on Saturdays, but changed to Fridays in 1864. It was eventually renamed The Perth Gazette and was published by Arthur Shenton, until 26 June 1874, when it was bought by a syndicate who renamed it The Western Australian Times and increased production to two editions a week. On 18 November 1879, it was relaunched as The West Australian.[13] In October 1883, production was increased to three editions per week; two years later it became a daily publication. The proprietors of the West Australian at that time also inaugurated the Western Mail, in 1885. Initially, delivery of the paper beyond settled areas was problematic, but the growth and development of the rural railway system in the early 1900s facilitated wider circulation.

Locations[edit]

Newspaper House, the former office and publishing plant of The West on St Georges Terrace, across the road from the Palace Hotel, was a prominent landmark in the life of the city and state for over 50 years.[14] It was vacated in the mid-1980s for the ill-fated "Westralia Square" redevelopment which was completed in 2012 under the name Brookfield Place.[15] The newspaper's editorial staff was temporarily relocated in rented office space nearby in St George's Terrace. Recognised as part of an important heritage precinct,[16] Newspaper House was scheduled for preservation and refurbishment. In 1988, larger and more modern accommodation for the paper's printing presses was commissioned in Osborne Park.[17] Ten years later, the editorial operations also moved to the Osborne Park complex.[9][18]

Editors[edit]

  • 1833–1846 Charles Macfaull[19]
  • 1847–1871 Arthur Shenton[19]
  • 1871–1874 Mercy Shenton
  • 1874–1879 Rev. C. G. Nicolay and John Rowland Jones; Henry Hullock
  • 1879–1887 Sir Thomas Cockburn-Campbell[19]
  • 1887–1916 John Winthrop Hackett[19]
  • 1916–1927 Alfred Langler
  • 1927–1951 Charles Patrick Smith
  • 1951–1956 James Edward Macartney
  • 1956–1972 W. T. G. (William Thomas Griffith) "Griff" Richards
  • 1972-1972 F. B. (Fred) Morony
  • 1972–1983 M. C. (Bon) Uren
  • 1983–1987 D. B. (Don) Smith
  • 1987–1988 R. E. (Bob) Cronin
  • 1988–1990 Don Baker
  • 1990–2000 Paul Murray
  • 2000–2003 Brian Rogers
  • 2003–2008 Paul Armstrong[20]
  • 2008–2009 R. E. (Bob) Cronin[20]
  • 2009–present Brett McCarthy[21]

Controversies[edit]

The paper was labelled in February 2005 by former prime minister Bob Hawke as "a disgrace to reasonable objective journalism".[22] Academic Peter van Onselen substantiated this attack, identifying 10 pro-Opposition front page headlines in the leadup to the 2005 state election, but no pro-Government headlines.[23]

In May 2007, then attorney-general and health minister Jim McGinty described the newspaper as "the nation's most inaccurate and dishonest newspaper". He went on to attack the editor, Paul Armstrong, saying that "the board of West Australian Newspapers needs to sack the editor. It is personally driven by a particular individual". Armstrong responded by saying he "could not give a fat rat's arse" about Mr McGinty's comments[24] and was then virulently attacked by premier Alan Carpenter[25] whose government the paper continued to denigrate until its defeat at the 2008 election.

Notable present and past employees[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How Partisan is the Press? Multiple Measures of Media Slant". Joshua S. Gans; Andrew Leigh. Australian National University. 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  2. ^ a b Circulation and readership[dead link] on the publisher's official website
  3. ^ Seven West Media Limited (SWM) at Australian Securities Exchange
  4. ^ News Corp (NWS) at Australian Securities Exchange
  5. ^ Simons, Margaret (26 June 2007). "Crikey Bias-o-meter: The newspapers". Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  6. ^ Melinda Varley West Australian rebrands weekend masthead B&T magazine, 21 October 2010
  7. ^ Corporate and Personal Subscription to Archive Digital Editions at the official website
  8. ^ Bond, Bell and Holmes a Court:Bell at Ketupa.net media industry reference
  9. ^ a b 175 years of The West Australian
  10. ^ West Australian Newspapers Holdings Limited Annual Report, 1992, p 33
  11. ^ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/west-australian-newspapers-to-buy-seven-media-2011-02-20
  12. ^ The West Australian, 17 November 1979, p.39
  13. ^ "The West Australian". The West Australian. 18 November 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Newspaper House, home of The West Australian (picture) at State Library of Western Australia online catalogue. Retrieved 10 December 2012
  15. ^ Brookfield Place (City Square) at Brookfield Multiplex official site, 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2012
  16. ^ Heritage Council report
  17. ^ Newspaper House – building in Perth to be vacated by the West Australian from March 1988, photographs and reminiscences Newspaper House news, March 1988, p.1+
  18. ^ 175 years of Headlines
  19. ^ a b c d 175 years of the West Australian at Australian-Media.com.au
  20. ^ a b Chris Thomson West Australian editor Armstrong shunted The Age BusinessDay 16 December 2008
  21. ^ Nick Perpitch Brett McCarthy goes from Sunday to weekdays at The West Australian The Australian 16 March 2009
  22. ^ Price, Matt (21 February 2005). "Bias grabs the headlines as state's media go to war". The Australian. p. 4. 
  23. ^ van Onselen, Peter. "Western Australia’s State Election: Democracy in Action?". Democratic Audit of Australia (February 2005). Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  24. ^ Chris Merritt (17 May 2007). "Fire editor or 'no shield'". perthnow (news.com.au). Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  25. ^ Margaret Simons (22 May 2007). "Paul Armstrong: the wild West Australian under attack". crikey.com.au. Retrieved 5 May 2009. 
  26. ^ Pennells claims Gold Walkley Award Walkley Foundation media release, 30 November 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • Haig, Ross (ed) (1984). The Years of News from The West Australian and Perth Daily News. Perth, Western Australia: St George Books. ISBN 0-86778-016-9. 
  • (1933) West Australian – history of the newspaper, printing techniques and building (Photographs first used in The West Australian on 10 May 1910) West Australian, 5 January 1933, Centenary issue, p. 3,8e,21d
  • Western Australian Newspapers: Landmarks at Ketupa.net

External links[edit]