West Bačka District

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Zapadnobački okrug
Западнобачки округ
District of Serbia
Location of West Bačka District in Serbia
Location of West Bačka District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Capital Sombor
Government
 • Commissioner n/a
Area
 • Total 2,420 km2 (930 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 188,087
 • Density 77.5/km2 (201/sq mi)
Municipalities 3 and 1 city
Settlements 37
- Cities and towns 5
- Villages 32

West Bačka District (Serbian: Западнобачки округ / Zapadnobački okrug) is a northern district of Serbia. It lies in the region of Bačka, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It has a population of 188,087. The seat of the district is Sombor.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the district is known as Zapadnobački okrug or Западнобачки округ, in Croatian as Zapadnobački okrug, in Bunjevac as Zapadnobački okrug, in Hungarian as Nyugat-bácskai körzet, in Slovak as Západnobáčsky okres, in Rusyn as Заходнобачки окрух, and in Romanian as Districtul Bacica de Vest.

Municipalities[edit]

West Bačka
District
Flag of Serbia.svg
Map of West Bačka District
Ethnic map (2002 census)

It encompasses the municipalities of:

Ethnic groups[edit]

Population of West Bačka District according to ethnic group 2002–2011.
Ethnic
group
census 2002 census 2011
Number  % Number  %
Serbs 134,644 62.92% 122,848 65.31%
Hungarians 21,825 10.2% 17,576 9.34%
Croats 12,960 6.06% 10,879 5.78%
Montenegrins 9,182 4.29% 5,070 2.70%
Rusyns 5,535 2.59% 4,718 2.51%
Roma 1,941 0.91% 3,018 1.60%
Bunjevci 2,806 1.31% 2,162 1.15%
Ukrainians 1,508 0.71% 1,344 0.71%
Romanians 1,620 0.76% 1,340 0.71%
Yugoslavs 6,870 3.21% 1,274 0.68%
Slovaks 1,264 0.59% 1,096 0.58%
Total 214,011 188,087

Administrative history[edit]

In the 9th century, the area was ruled by the Bulgarian-Slavic duke Salan. From 11th to 16th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the area was divided between the Bodrogiensis County, Bacsensis County, and Csongradiensis County. In 1526-1527, the area was ruled by the independent Serb ruler, emperor Jovan Nenad, while during Ottoman administration (16th-17th century), it was part of the Sanjak of Segedin.

During Habsburg administration (18th century), the area was divided between the Batsch County, Bodrog County and the Military Frontier. The two counties were joined into single Batsch-Bodrog County in the 18th century. Since the abolishment of the Theiß-Marosch section of the Military Frontier in 1751, part of that territory was also included into Batsch-Bodrog County. In the 1850s, the area was mostly part of the Sombor District, with some parts in the Novi Sad District. After 1860, the area was again included into Batsch-Bodrog County.

During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene (Yugoslav) administration (1918-1941), the area was part of the Novi Sad County (1918-1922), Bačka Oblast (1922-1929), and Danube Banovina (1929-1941).

During the Hungarian-German Axis occupation (1941-1944), the area was included into Bács-Bodrog County. Since 1944, the area was part of autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina (which was part of new socialist Yugoslav Serbia since 1945). The present-day districts of Serbia (including West Bačka District) were defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992.

Culture[edit]

Sombor is a town of rich cultural tradition: the Roman Catholic church and the Franciscan Monastery from the 18th century, the Perish House originating from the early nineteenth century, the iconostasis of the Big and Small Orthodox church in Stapar are protected monuments registered as cultural heritage, which bear witness to the long history of this town.

Economy[edit]

Today the municipality of Sombor has 1,000 km² of agricultural land, out of which 970 km² makes up the arable land. Besides farming, also cattle raising plays an important part.

Still more dynamic development is achieved in industry, with the prevailing "Bane" metal complex, the Sombor battery factory, the "Crvena zastava" van factory, the "Dunav" shipyard, and particularly food industry which with the capacities of its "Sunce" oil factory and "Somboled" diary, carries out entirely all the processing of the agricultural yield.

References[edit]

  • Note: All official material made available by the Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.