West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 2011

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
West Bengal state general election, 2011
India
2006 ←
18 April 2011 (2011-04-18) — 10 May 2011 (2011-05-10) → 2016

294 seats
  Majority party Minority party
  Mamata banerjee.jpg BuddhoBabu.jpg
Leader Mamata Banerjee Buddhadeb Bhattacharya
Party AITMC CPI(M)
Alliance UPA LF
Leader since 1 January 1998 6 November 2000
Leader's seat Did not stand[1] Jadavpur
(Lost)1
Last election 30 seats, 10.2% 233 seats, 79.2%
Seats before 30 233
Seats won 227 62
Seats after 227, 77.2% 62, 21.0%
Seat change Increase196 Decrease171

West Bengal general elections, 2011 - Results (by district).svg

Assembly election results map (by district). Bright green denotes the districts won by Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress, and Red denotes those won by the CPI(M).

Chief Minister before election

Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee
CPI(M)

Chief Minister

Mamata Banerjee[2]
AITMC

Phases of the election across the state

A legislative assembly election was held in six phases between 18 April and 10 May 2011 for all the 294 seats of the Vidhan Sabha in the state of West Bengal in India.[3] The Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority of seats.[4] Notably, incumbent Chief Minister Bhattacharjee lost his Jadavpur seat to Trinamool's Manish Gupta by just under 17,000 votes.[1]

The election also marked the defeat for the longest serving democratically elected Communist government in the world after the 34-year rule of the Left Front government, a fact that was noted by the international media.[5]

Background[edit]

This is the first legislative assembly election for the Vidhan Sabha, since political agitation and violence in Nandigram[5] and the Tata Nano Singur controversy, led by opposition party chief Mamata Banerjee caused deaths by police firing amidst protests.

The Left Front has governed West Bengal since 1977. The election also follows the defeat of the Left Front in the Indian general election, 2009, as well as its relatively poor showing in Panchayat and municipal elections.[6]

Delimitation[edit]

The 2011 election adopted re-drawn electoral constituencies based on the 2001 census, following the 2002 Delimitation Commission of India, whose recommendations were approved in February 2008.[7]

Polling schedule[edit]

Chief Election Commissioner of India S. Y. Quraishi announced that polling in West Bengal will be spread over six phases between 18 April and 10 May for the constituencies of the West Bengal Vidhan Sabha.[8][9]

Date No of assembly constituencies
Phase I 18 April 54
Phase II 22 April 50
Phase III 27 April 75
Phase IV 3 May 63
Phase V 7 May 38
Phase VI 10 May 14
Counting 13 May 294
Source: Election Commission of India

Phase I[edit]

54 constituencies went to the polls:
Mekliganj (SC), Mathabhanga (SC), Coochbehar Uttar (SC), Coochbehar Dakshin, Sitalkuchi (SC), Sitai (SC), Dinhata, Natabari, Tufangunj, Kumargram (ST), Kalchini (ST), Alipurduars, Falakata (SC), Madarihat (ST), Dhupguri (SC), Mayanaguri (SC), Jalpaiguri (SC), Rajganj (SC), Dabgram-Fulbari, Mal (ST), Nagrakata (ST), Kalimpong, Darjeeling, Kurseong, Matigara-Naxalbari (SC), Siliguri, Phansidewa (ST), Chopra, Islampur, Goalpokhar, Chakulia, Karandighi, Hemtabad (SC), Kaliaganj (SC), Raiganj, Itahar, Kushmandi (SC), Kumarganj, Balurghat, Tapan (ST), Gangarampur (SC), Harirampur, Habibpur (ST), Gazole (SC), Chanchal, Harishchandrapur, Malatipur, Ratua, Manikchak, Maldaha (SC), English Bazar, Mothabari, Sujapur and Baisnabnagar.

Phase II[edit]

50 constituencies went to the polls:
Farakka, Samserganj, Suti, Jangipur, Raghunathganj, Sagardighi, Lalgola, Bhagaban Gola, Raninagar, Murshidabad, Nabagram (SC), Khargram (SC), Burwan (SC), Kandi, Bharatpur, Rejinagar, Beldanga, Baharampur, Hariharpara, Naoda, Domkal, Jalangi, Karimpur, Tehatta, Palashipara, Kaliganj, Nakashipara, Chapra, Krishnanagar Uttar, Nabadwip, Krishnanagar Dakshin, Santipur, Ranaghat Uttar Paschim, Krishnaganj (SC), Ranaghat Uttar Purba (SC), Ranaghat Dakshin (SC), Chakdah, Kalyani (SC), Haringhata (SC), Dubrajpur (SC), Suri, Bolpur, Nanoor (SC), Labpur, Sainthia (SC), Mayureswar, Rampurhat, Hansan, Nalhati and Murarai.

Phase III[edit]

75 constituencies went to the polls:
Bagdah (SC), Bongaon Uttar (SC), Bongaon Dakshin (SC), Gaighata (SC), Swarupnagar (SC), Baduria, Habra, Ashoknagar, Amdanga, Bijpur, Naihati, Bhatpara, Jagatdal, Noapara, Barrackpur, Khardaha, Dum Dum Uttar, Panihati, Kamarhati, Baranagar, Dum Dum, Rajarhat New Town, Bidhan Nagar, Rajarhat Gopalpur, Madhyamgram, Barasat, Deganga, Haroa, Minakhan (SC), Sandeshkhali (ST), Basirhat Dakshin, Basirhat Uttar, Hingalganj (SC), Gosaba (SC), Basanti (SC), Kultali (SC), Patharpratima, Kakdwip, Sagar, Kulpi, Raidighi, Mandirbazar (SC), Jaynagar (SC), Baruipur Purba (SC), Canning Paschim (SC), Canning Purba, Baruipur Paschim, Magrahat Purba (SC), Magrahat Paschim, Diamond Harbour, Falta, Satgachia, Bishnupur (SC), Sonarpur Dakshin, Bhangore, Kasba, Jadavpur, Sonarpur Uttar, Tollygunj, Behala Purba, Behala Paschim, Maheshtala, Budge Budge, Metiabruz, Kokata Port, Bhabanipore, Rashbehari, Ballygunge, Chowrangee, Entally, Beleghata, Jorasanko, Shyampukur, Maniktala and Kashipur-Belgachia.

Phase IV[edit]

63 constituencies went to the polls:
Bally, Howrah Uttar, Howrah Madhya, Shibpur, Howrah Dakshin, Sankrail (SC), Panchla, Uluberia Purba, Uluberia Uttar (SC), Uluberia Dakshin, Shyampur, Bagnan, Amta, Udaynarayanpur, Jagatballavpur, Domjur, Uttarpara, Sreerampur, Champdani, Singur, Chandannagore, Chunchura, Balagarh (SC), Pandua, Saptagram, Chanditala, Jangipara, Haripal, Dhanekhali (SC), Tarakeswar, Pursurah, Arambag (SC), Goghat (SC), Khanakul, Tamluk, Panskura Purba, Panskura Paschim, Moyna, Nandakumar, Mahisadal, Haldia (SC), Nandigram, Chandipur, Patashpur, Kanthi Uttar, Bhagabanpur, Khejuri (SC), Kanthi Dakshin, Ramnagar, Egra, Bardhaman Dakshin, Jamalpur (SC), Monteswar, Kalna (SC), Memari, Bardhaman Uttar (SC), Bhatar, Purbasthali Dakshin, Purbasthali Uttar, Katwa, Ketugram, Mangalkot and Ausgram (SC)

Phase V[edit]

38 constituencies went to the polls:
Dantan, Keshiary (ST), Kharagpur Sadar, Narayangarh, Sabang, Pingla, Kharagpur, Debra, Daspur, Ghatal (SC), Chandrakona (SC), Keshpur (SC), Purulia, Manbazar (ST), Kashipur, Para (SC), Raghunathpur (SC), Saltora (SC), Chhatnam, Bankura, Barjora, Onda, Bishnupur, Katulpur (SC), Indus (SC), Sonamukhi (SC), Khandaghosh (SC), Raina (SC), Galsi (SC), Pandabeswar, Durgapur Purba, Durgapur Paschim, Raniganj, Jamuria, Asansol Dakshin, Asansol Uttar, Kulti and Barabani.

Phase VI[edit]

14 constituencies went to the polls:
Nayagram (ST), Gopiballavpur, Jhargram, Garbeta, Salboni, Medinipur, Binpur (ST), Bandwan (ST), Balarampur, Baghmundi, Joypur, Ranibandh (ST), Raipur (ST) and Taldangra.

Parties[edit]

United Progressive Alliance (UPA)
Left Front
National Democratic Alliance

Campaign[edit]

Mamata Banerjee ended her campaign on 9 May in the constituency of the incumbent CM Bhattacharjee in Jadavpur a day after Bhattacharjee made an appeal to the electorate there to return him to power. Before campaigning ended at 17:00, she appealed to the electorate to "Help me bring about change."[10]

Land reform[edit]

Following the general election, with the TMC being an important part of the central government's coalition, the central government eased its controversial land acquisition policy for Special Economic Zones. Part of the proposal was that the government would not get involved in land acquisition for private organisations. One official from the central ruling coalition was quoted as saying that "There is a tacit understanding between these two critical allies that there will be no decision on the Land Acquisition Bill until the results of West Bengal state elections are clear."[11] The issue of land acquisition for development also created a battle zone like situation in the villages between armed cadres of the ruling CPM and the Maoists.[12]

Gorkhaland[edit]

During the general election the issue of the founding of Gorkhaland as separate from West Bengal gained prominence along with the victory of Jaswant Singh from Darjeeling constituency for the Bharatiya Janata Party, and supported by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (which advocates the creation of a separate Gorkhaland for ethnic Nepalis as opposed to ethnic Bengalis).

Since the election the issue again cropped up as demands for a separate Telengana being bifurcated from Andhra Pradesh grew.[13][14] During this election CM Bhattacharjee said that Gorkhaland should not be separated but instead an additional development of the region should occur. He said in Lichupokhri that those advocating the separation should "stop your movement for a Gorkhaland. It will never be fulfilled. Concentrate on all round development of Darjeeling as it is the only solution to the issue."[15]


Election[edit]

On 17 April, the Election Commission of India issued an appeal for all registered voters to turn out for their respective electoral dates.[16]

During the first phase the Indian border with Bangladesh at the Maldaha constituency was sealed from 16 April, two days prior to the election, to "prevent miscreants from causing trouble." One-hundred and twelve companies of central paramilitary forces were delegated to man 260 voting booths, 150 of which were decreed to be "sensitive." The district magistrate Rajesh Kumar Sinha also said that 50 booths would be put under round-the-clock online surveillance.[17]

Seven Bengali film stars and theatre personalities[who?] won seats with the TMC ticket.[5]

Exit polls[edit]

Party Seats Contested Star News-Nielsen CNN-IBN-Week
United Progressive Alliance
(TMC & INC alliance)
294 225 222-234
Left Front 294 34 60-72
Bharatiya Janata Party 294 2 2
Independent/Others - 33 10-2
Total 294
Source: a

Result[edit]

e • d Summary of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 2011 result
Party Seats contested Seats won Seat change Vote share Swing
Trinamool Congress 184 Increase154
Indian National Congress 65[template reference 1] 42 Increase21
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 40 Decrease136
All India Forward Bloc 11 Decrease12
Revolutionary Socialist Party (India) 7 Decrease13
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha 3 Increase3
Communist Party of India 2 Decrease6
Samajwadi Party 1 Increase1
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 17 1 Decrease1
Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra) 1 Increase1
Independents 2 Decrease4
Bharatiya Janata Party 0 Steady
 
United Progressive Alliance 227 Increase192
Left Front 62 Decrease168
Total - 294 -
Turnout:
Source: Election Commission of India


Key:
     Left Front
     United Progressive Alliance
     National Democratic Alliance
     Independent
Results of the West Bengal state assembly election, 2011 (by constituency)
AC # Assembly Constituency Name Reserved for District Winner No. of Votes  % of Votes Party
1 Mekliganj Scheduled Caste Cooch Behar Paresh Chandra Adhikari 72,040 48.88% All India Forward Bloc
2 Mathabhanga Scheduled Caste Binay Krishna Barman 78,249 46.45% All India Trinamool Congress
3 Cooch Behar Uttar Scheduled Caste Nagendra Nath Roy 84,825 45.11% All India Forward Bloc
4 Cooch Behar Dakshin N/A Akshay Thakur 72,028 47.04% All India Forward Bloc
5 Sitalkuchi Scheduled Caste Hiten Barman 84,651 44.21% All India Trinamool Congress
6 Sitai Scheduled Caste Keshab Chandra Ray 79,791 46.67% Indian National Congress
7 Dinhata N/A Udayan Guha 93,050 50.52% All India Forward Bloc
8 Natabari N/A Rabindra Nath Ghosh 81,951 47.56% All India Trinamool Congress
9 Tufanganj N/A Arghya Roy Pradhan 73,721 45.01% All India Trinamool Congress
10 Kumargram Scheduled Tribe Jalpaiguri Dasrath Tirkey 71,545 40.84% Revolutionary Socialist Party
11 Kalchini Scheduled Tribe Wilson Champramary 46,455 30.05% Independent
12 Alipurduars N/A Debaprasad Roy 79,605 46.02% Indian National Congress
13 Falakata Scheduled Caste Anil Adhikari 77,821 47.44% All India Trinamool Congress
14 Madarihat Scheduled Tribe Kumari Kujur 42,539 31.93% Revolutionary Socialist Party
15 Dhupguri Scheduled Caste Mamata Roy 73,644 42.25% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
16 Maynaguri Scheduled Caste Ananta Deb Adhikari 84,887 48.70% Revolutionary Socialist Party
17 Jalpaiguri Scheduled Caste Sukhbilas Barma 86,273 48.64% Indian National Congress
18 Rajganj Scheduled Caste Khageshwar Roy 74,546 46.63% All India Trinamool Congress
19 Dabgram-Phulbari N/A Goutam Deb 84,649 48.28% All India Trinamool Congress
20 Mal Scheduled Tribe Bulu Chik Baraik 62,037 39.68% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
21 Nagrakata Scheduled Tribe Joseph Munda 46,537 30.26% Indian National Congress
22 Kalimpong N/A Darjeeling Harka Bahadur Chettri 109,102 87.36% Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
23 Darjeeling N/A Trilok Dewan 120,532 78.51% Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
24 Kurseong N/A Rohit Sharma 114,297 74.00% Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
25 Matigara-Naxalbari Scheduled Caste Sankar Malakar 74,334 45.19% Indian National Congress
26 Siliguri N/A Rudra Nath Bhattacharya 72,019 48.07% All India Trinamool Congress
27 Phansidewa Scheduled Tribe Sunil Chandra Tirkey 61,388 42.55% Indian National Congress
28 Chopra N/A Uttar Dinajpur Hamidul Rahaman 64,289 44.61% Independent
29 Islampur N/A Abdul Karim Chowdhary 49,326 41.48% All India Trinamool Congress
30 Goalpokhar N/A Ghulam Rabbani 61,313 49.05% Indian National Congress
31 Chakulia N/A Ali Imran Ramz 65,265 52.12% All India Forward Bloc
32 Karandighi N/A Gokul Roy 57,023 38.56% All India Forward Bloc
33 Hemtabad Scheduled Caste Khagendra Nath Sinha 71,553 45.50% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
34 Kaliaganj Scheduled Caste Pramatha Nath Ray 84,873 47.59% Indian National Congress
35 Raiganj N/A Mohit Sengupta 62,864 49.69% Indian National Congress
36 Itahar N/A Amal Acharjee 61,707 43.95% All India Trinamool Congress
37 Kushmandi Scheduled Caste Dakshin Dinajpur Narmada Chandra Roy 66,368 47.42% Revolutionary Socialist Party
38 Kumarganj N/A Begam Mahamuda 62,212 46.93% All India Trinamool Congress
39 Balurghat N/A Shankar Chakraborty 67,495 54.27% All India Trinamool Congress
40 Tapan Scheduled Tribe Bachchu Hansda 72,643 51.61% All India Trinamool Congress
41 Gangarampur Scheduled Caste Satyendra Nath Roy 65,666 45.85% All India Trinamool Congress
42 Harirampur N/A Biplab Mitra 65,099 47.44% All India Trinamool Congress
43 Habibpur Scheduled Tribe Malda Khagen Murmu 59,286 37.60% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
44 Gazole Scheduled Caste Sushil Chandra Ray 74,654 46.09% Indian National Congress
45 Chanchal N/A Asif Mehbub 68,586 48.69% Indian National Congress
46 Harishchandrapur N/A Tajmul Hossain 62,019 46.19% All India Forward Bloc
47 Malatipur N/A Abdur Rahim Boxi 54,794 43.44% Revolutionary Socialist Party
48 Ratua N/A Samar Mukherjee 74,936 48.34% Indian National Congress
49 Manikchak N/A Sabitri Mitra 64,641 46.19% All India Trinamool Congress
50 Maldaha Scheduled Caste Bhupendra Nath Halder 68,155 46.55% Indian National Congress
51 English Bazar N/A Krishnendu Narayan Choudhury 89,421 51.78% Indian National Congress
52 Mothabari N/A Sabina Yasmin 47,466 44.11% Indian National Congress
53 Sujapur N/A Abu Nasar Khan Choudhury 70,640 52.75% Indian National Congress
54 Baisnabnagar N/A Isha Khan Choudhury 62,589 43.01% Indian National Congress
55 Farakka N/A Murshidabad Mainul Haque 52,780 38.77% Indian National Congress
56 Samserganj N/A Touab Ali 61,138 46.43% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
57 Suti N/A Emani Biswas 73,465 48.86% Indian National Congress
58 Jangipur N/A Mohammed Sohrab 68,699 46.76% Indian National Congress
59 Raghunathganj N/A Akhruzzaman 74,683 50.98% Indian National Congress
60 Sagardighi N/A Subrata Saha 54,708 38.83% Indian National Congress
61 Lalgola N/A Abu Hena 74,317 51.96% Indian National Congress
62 Bhagabangola N/A Chand Mohammad 62,862 38.62% Samajwadi Party
63 Raninagar N/A Firoza Begam 76,092 46.45% Indian National Congress
64 Murshidabad N/A Shaoni Singha Roy 75,441 46.03% Indian National Congress
65 Nabagram Scheduled Caste Kanai Chandra Mondal 78,703 48.97% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
66 Khargram Scheduled Caste Ashis Marjit 74,093 49.96% Indian National Congress
67 Burwan Scheduled Caste Protima Rajak 66,034 47.09% Indian National Congress
68 Kandi N/A Apurba Sarkar 66,513 44.74% Indian National Congress
69 Bharatpur N/A Id Mohammed 70,658 47.78% Revolutionary Socialist Party
70 Rejinagar N/A Humayun Kabir 77,542 49.74% Indian National Congress
71 Beldanga N/A Safiujjaman Seikh 67,888 45.31% Indian National Congress
72 Baharampur N/A Manoj Chakraborty 91,578 54.89% Indian National Congress
73 Hariharpara N/A Insar Ali Biswas 58,293 35.56% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
74 Naoda N/A Abu Taher Khan 80,758 51.59% Indian National Congress
75 Domkal N/A Anisur Rahaman 81,812 47.22% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
76 Jalangi N/A Abdur Razzak 85,144 49.55% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
77 Karimpur N/A Nadia Khagen Murmu 59,286 37.60% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
78 Tehatta N/A Ranjit Kumar Mandal 75,445 42.78% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
79 Palashipara N/A S. M. Sadi 73,619 46.12% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
80 Kaliganj N/A Nasheruddin Ahamed 74,091 47.32% All India Trinamool Congress
81 Nakshipara N/A Kallol Khan 79,644 48.63% All India Trinamool Congress
82 Chapra N/A Rukbanur Rahaman 77,435 47.14% All India Trinamool Congress
83 Krishnanagar Uttar N/A Abani Mohan Joardar 96,677 56.69% All India Trinamool Congress
84 Nabadwip N/A Pundarikakshya Saha 94,117 53.45% All India Trinamool Congress
85 Krishnanagar Dakshin N/A Ujjal Biswas 71,392 46.37% All India Trinamool Congress
86 Santipur N/A Ajoy Dey 98,902 57.77% Indian National Congress
87 Ranaghat Uttar Paschim N/A Partha Sarthi Chatterjee 101,395 54.41% All India Trinamool Congress
88 Krishnaganj Scheduled Caste Sushil Biswas 96,550 52.16% All India Trinamool Congress
89 Ranaghat Uttar Purba Scheduled Caste Samir Poddar 93,836 55.03% All India Trinamool Congress
90 Ranaghat Dakshin Scheduled Caste Abir Ranjan Biswas 99,432 51.23% All India Trinamool Congress
91 Chakdaha N/A Naresh Chandra Chaki 88,771 51.19% All India Trinamool Congress
92 Kalyani Scheduled Caste Ramendranath Biswas 92,322 51.54% All India Trinamool Congress
93 Haringhata Scheduled Caste Nilima Nag 83,366 49.45% All India Trinamool Congress
94 Bagda Scheduled Caste North 24 Parganas Upendra Nath Biswas 91,821 52.91% All India Trinamool Congress
95 Bangaon Uttar Scheduled Caste Biswajit Das 89,265 54.54% All India Trinamool Congress
96 Bangaon Dakshin Scheduled Caste Surajit Biswas 87,677 53.71% All India Trinamool Congress
97 Gaighata Scheduled Caste Majulkrishna Thakur 91,487 55.58% All India Trinamool Congress
98 Swarupnagar Scheduled Caste Bina Mondal 83,641 48.94% All India Trinamool Congress
99 Baduria N/A Abdul Gaffar Quazi 89,952 53.16% Indian National Congress
100 Habra N/A Jyotipriya Mallick 86,218 55.00% All India Trinamool Congress
101 Ashoknagar N/A Dhiman Roy 94,451 55.38% All India Trinamool Congress
102 Amdanga N/A Rafiquer Rahaman 87,162 53.78% All India Trinamool Congress
103 Bijpur N/A Subhranshu Roy 65,479 51.48% All India Trinamool Congress
104 Naihati N/A Partha Bhowmick 75,482 57.39% All India Trinamool Congress
105 Bhatpara N/A Arjun Singh 66,938 70.94% All India Trinamool Congress
106 Jagatdal N/A Parash Dutta 86,388 58.80% All India Trinamool Congress
107 Noapara N/A Manju Bose 100,369 59.03% All India Trinamool Congress
108 Barrackpur N/A Silbhadra Dutta 79,515 60.02% All India Trinamool Congress
109 Khardaha N/A Amit Mitra 83,608 56.48% All India Trinamool Congress
110 Dum Dum Uttar N/A Chandrima Bhattacharjee 94,676 53.42% All India Trinamool Congress
111 Panihati N/A Nirmal Ghosh 88,334 58.33% All India Trinamool Congress
112 Kamarhati N/A Madan Mitra 74,112 57.96% All India Trinamool Congress
113 Baranagar N/A Tapas Roy 89,883 60.57% All India Trinamool Congress
114 Dum Dum N/A Bratya Bose 92,635 57.50% All India Trinamool Congress
115 Rajarhat New Town N/A Sabyasachi Dutta 80,738 49.22% All India Trinamool Congress
116 Bidhannagar N/A Sujit Bose 88,642 59.52% All India Trinamool Congress
117 Rajarhat Gopalpur N/A Purnendu Bose 89,829 59.75% All India Trinamool Congress
118 Madhyamgram N/A Rathin Ghosh 99,841 57.18% All India Trinamool Congress
119 Barasat N/A Chiranjit Chakraborty 103,954 58.28% All India Trinamool Congress
120 Deganga N/A Narujjaman 78,395 49.39% All India Trinamool Congress
121 Haroa N/A Julfiquer Molla 76,627 45.69% All India Trinamool Congress
122 Minakhan Scheduled Caste Usha Rani Mondal 73,533 48.66% All India Trinamool Congress
123 Sandeshkhali Scheduled Tribe Nirapada Sardar 66,815 43.20% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
124 Basirhat Dakshin N/A Narayan Mukherjee 66,914 35.94% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
125 Basirhat Uttar N/A Mostafa Bin Quasem 75,575 45.18% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
126 Hingalganj Scheduled Caste Ananda Mondal 72,741 45.75% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
127 Gosaba Scheduled Caste South 24 Parganas Jayanta Naskar 78,840 51.00% All India Trinamool Congress
128 Basanti Scheduled Caste Subhas Naskar 72,871 49.06% Revolutionary Socialist Party
129 Kultali Scheduled Caste Ramsankar Halder 81,297 48.60% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
130 Patharpratima N/A Samir Jana 95,422 52.38% All India Trinamool Congress
131 Kakdwip N/A Manturam Pakhira 84,483 51.46% All India Trinamool Congress
132 Sagar N/A Bankim Hazra 94,264 50.38% All India Trinamool Congress
133 Kulpi N/A Jogaranjan Haldar 76,693 53.75% All India Trinamool Congress
134 Raidighi N/A Deboshri Roy 93,236 49.76% All India Trinamool Congress
135 Mandirbazar Scheduled Caste Joydeb Haldar 83,524 53.64% All India Trinamool Congress
136 Jaynagar Scheduled Caste Tarun Kanti Naskar 71,566 49.37% Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)
137 Baruipur Purba Scheduled Caste Nirmal Mondal 83,636 52.19% All India Trinamool Congress
138 Canning Paschim Scheduled Caste Shymal Mondal 81,736 53.35% All India Trinamool Congress
139 Canning Purba N/A Abdur Razzak Molla 85,105 54.30% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
140 Baruipur Paschim N/A Biman Banerjee 88,187 57.54% All India Trinamool Congress
141 Magrahat Purba Scheduled Caste Namita Saha 75,217 49.68% All India Trinamool Congress
142 Magrahat Paschim N/A Giyasuddin Mollah 66,878 47.11% All India Trinamool Congress
143 Diamond Harbour N/A Dipak Haldar 87,645 53.37% All India Trinamool Congress
144 Falta N/A Tomonash Ghosh 86,966 55.61% All India Trinamool Congress
145 Satgachhia N/A Sonali Guha 93,902 51.17% All India Trinamool Congress
146 Bishnupur Scheduled Caste Dilip Mondal 95,912 53.91% All India Trinamool Congress
147 Sonarpur Dakshin N/A Jiban Mukherjee 100,243 59.03% All India Trinamool Congress
148 Bhangar N/A Badal Jamadar 81,965 47.32% All India Trinamool Congress
149 Kasba N/A Javed Khan 92,460 53.80% All India Trinamool Congress
150 Jadavpur N/A Manish Gupta 103,972 52.64% All India Trinamool Congress
151 Sonarpur Uttar N/A Firdoshi Begum 89,841 55.40% All India Trinamool Congress
152 Tollyganj N/A Aroop Biswas 102,743 56.16% All India Trinamool Congress
153 Behala Purba N/A Sovan Chatterjee 116,709 60.27% All India Trinamool Congress
154 Behala Paschim N/A Partha Chatterjee 127,870 62.95% All India Trinamool Congress
155 Maheshtala N/A Kasturi Das 92,211 52.49% All India Trinamool Congress
156 Budge Budge N/A Ashok Deb 99,915 60.04% All India Trinamool Congress
157 Metiaburuz N/A Mumtaz Begum 55,003 41.55% All India Trinamool Congress
158 Kolkata Port N/A Kolkata Firad Hakim 63,866 48.63% All India Trinamool Congress
159 Bhabanipur N/A Subrata Bakshi 87,903 64.76% All India Trinamool Congress
160 Rashbehari N/A Sovandeb Chattopadhyay 88,892 65.55% All India Trinamool Congress
161 Ballygunge N/A Subrata Mukherjee 88,194 60.65% All India Trinamool Congress
162 Chowrangee N/A Sikha Mitra 79,450 71.89% All India Trinamool Congress
163 Entally N/A Swarna Kamal Saha 75,891 56.23% All India Trinamool Congress
164 Beleghata N/A Paresh Pal 93,185 57.45% All India Trinamool Congress
165 Jorasanko N/A Smita Baksi 57,970 51.11% All India Trinamool Congress
166 Shyampukur N/A Sashi Panja 72,904 57.96% All India Trinamool Congress
167 Maniktala N/A Sadhan Pande 89,039 60.05% All India Trinamool Congress
168 Kashipur-Belgachhia N/A Mala Saha 87,408 61.67% All India Trinamool Congress
169 Bally N/A Howrah Sultan Singh 52,770 50.41% All India Trinamool Congress
170 Howrah Uttar N/A Ashok Ghosh 61,466 49.25% All India Trinamool Congress
171 Howrah Madhya N/A Aroop Roy 103,184 62.06% All India Trinamool Congress
172 Shibpur N/A Jatu Lahiri 100,739 61.83% All India Trinamool Congress
173 Howrah Dakshin N/A Broja Mohan Majumdar 101,066 56.06% All India Trinamool Congress
174 Sankrail Scheduled Caste Sital Sardar 88,029 51.21% All India Trinamool Congress
175 Panchla N/A Gulsan Mallick 76,628 45.76% All India Trinamool Congress
176 Uluberia Purba N/A Haider Aziz Safwi 68,975 46.47% All India Trinamool Congress
177 Uluberia Uttar Scheduled Caste Nirmal Maji 76,469 52.44% All India Trinamool Congress
178 Uluberia Dakshin N/A Pulak Roy 73,734 49.47% All India Trinamool Congress
179 Shyampur N/A Kalipada Mondal 99,501 56.64% All India Trinamool Congress
180 Bagnan N/A Raja Sen 82,730 53.55% All India Trinamool Congress
181 Amta N/A Asit Mishra 88,264 51.81% Indian National Congress
182 Udaynarayanpur N/A Samir Panja 91,879 55.10% All India Trinamool Congress
183 Jagatballavpur N/A Abul Kasem Molla 102,580 54.18% All India Trinamool Congress
184 Domjur N/A Rajib Banerjee 101,042 54.06% All India Trinamool Congress
185 Uttarpara N/A Hooghly Anup Ghosal 104,753 59.76% All India Trinamool Congress
186 Sreerampur N/A Sudipto Roy 97,450 63.82% All India Trinamool Congress
187 Champdani N/A Muzzafar Khan 92,476 57.16% All India Trinamool Congress
188 Singur N/A Rabindranath Bhattacharya 100,869 57.61% All India Trinamool Congress
189 Chandannagar N/A Ashok Shaw 96,430 60.75% All India Trinamool Congress
190 Chunchura N/A Tapan Majumdar 127,206 56.89% All India Trinamool Congress
191 Balagarh Scheduled Caste Asim Majhi 96,254 52.34% All India Trinamool Congress
192 Pandua N/A Amzad Hossain 84,830 46.64% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
193 Saptagram N/A Tapan Dasgupta 90,289 56.50% All India Trinamool Congress
194 Chanditala N/A Swati Khandekar 86,394 52.45% All India Trinamool Congress
195 Jangipara N/A Snehasish Chakraborty 87,133 50.53% All India Trinamool Congress
196 Haripal N/A Bacharam Manna 98,146 53.69% All India Trinamool Congress
197 Dhanekhali Scheduled Caste Asima Patra 100,529 51.17% All India Trinamool Congress
198 Tarakeswar N/A Rachhpal Singh 97,022 55.10% All India Trinamool Congress
199 Pursurah N/A Parvez Rahman 107,794 56.25% All India Trinamool Congress
200 Arambag Scheduled Caste Krishna Santra 98,011 53.36% All India Trinamool Congress
201 Goghat Scheduled Caste Biswanath Karak 86,514 49.03% All India Forward Bloc
202 Khanakul N/A Iqbal Ahmed 102,450 55.56% All India Trinamool Congress
203 Tamluk N/A Purba Medinipur Somen Mahapatra 99,765 52.82% All India Trinamool Congress
204 Panskura Purba N/A Biplab Roy Chowdhury 82,957 50.71% All India Trinamool Congress
205 Panskura Paschim N/A Omar Ali 93,349 49.97% All India Trinamool Congress
206 Moyna N/A Bhusan Daloi 91,038 50.94% All India Trinamool Congress
207 Nandakumar N/A Sukumar Dey 89,717 50.93% All India Trinamool Congress
208 Mahisadal N/A Sudarshan Ghosh Dastidar 95,640 55.28% All India Trinamool Congress
209 Haldia Scheduled Caste Seuli Saha 89,573 51.34% All India Trinamool Congress
210 Nandigram N/A Firoza Bibi 103,300 60.17% All India Trinamool Congress
211 Chandipur N/A Amiya Bhattacharjee 88,010 50.80% All India Trinamool Congress
212 Patashpur N/A Jyotirmoy Kar 84,452 49.92% All India Trinamool Congress
213 Kanthi Uttar N/A Banasri Maity 91,528 49.77% All India Trinamool Congress
214 Bhagabanpur N/A Ardhendhu Maity 93,845 51.15% All India Trinamool Congress
215 Khejuri Scheduled Caste Ranjit Mondal 87,833 53.11% All India Trinamool Congress
216 Kanthi Dakshin N/A Dibendhu Adhikari 86,933 57.12% All India Trinamool Congress
217 Ramnagar N/A Akhil Giri 93,801 52.55% All India Trinamool Congress
218 Egra N/A Samaresh Das 99,178 51.56% All India Trinamool Congress
219 Dantan N/A Paschim Medinipur Arun Mahapatra 79,118 49.35% Communist Party of India
220 Nayagram Scheduled Tribe Dulal Murmu 75,656 50.34% All India Trinamool Congress
221 Gopiballavpur N/A Churamani Mahato 90,070 56.70% All India Trinamool Congress
222 Jhargram N/A Sukumar Hansda 69,464 44.66% All India Trinamool Congress
223 Keshiary Scheduled Tribe Biram Mandi 76,976 45.97% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
224 Kharagpur Sadar N/A Gyan Singh Sohanpal 75,425 55.05% Indian National Congress
225 Narayangarh N/A Suryakanta Mishra 89,804 50.49% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
226 Sabang N/A Manas Bhunia 98,755 51.25% Indian National Congress
227 Pingla N/A Prabodh Chandra Sinha 84,738 47.24% Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra)
228 Kharagpur N/A Nazmul Haque 70,178 46.77% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
229 Debra N/A Radhakanta Maity 86,215 50.57% All India Trinamool Congress
230 Daspur N/A Ajit Bhunia 109,048 54.76% All India Trinamool Congress
231 Ghatal Scheduled Caste Sankar Dolui 101,355 52.24% All India Trinamool Congress
232 Chandrakona Scheduled Caste Chhaya Dolui 97,280 48.39% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
232 Garbeta N/A Sushanta Ghosh 86,047 52.22% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
234 Salboni N/A Srikanta Mahato 92,082 47.36% All India Trinamool Congress
235 Keshpur Scheduled Caste Rameswar Dolui 103,901 57.57% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
236 Medinipur Scheduled Caste Mrigen Maity 103,060 54.42% All India Trinamool Congress
237 Binpur Scheduled Tribe Dibakar Hansda 60,728 41.16% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
238 Bandwan Scheduled Tribe Purulia Susanta Besra 87,183 48.38% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
239 Balarampur N/A Santiram Mahato 65,244 45.79% All India Trinamool Congress
240 Baghmundi N/A Nepal Mahata 77,458 49.47% Indian National Congress
241 Joypur N/A Dhiren Mahato 62,060 41.48% All India Forward Bloc
242 Purulia N/A K. P. Singh Deo 83,396 53.94% All India Trinamool Congress
243 Manbazar Scheduled Tribe Sandhya Tudu 78,520 47.01% All India Trinamool Congress
244 Kashipur N/A Swapan Beltoria 69,492 44.72% All India Trinamool Congress
245 Para Scheduled Caste Umapada Bauri 62,208 42.59% Indian National Congress
246 Raghunathpur Scheduled Caste Purna Chandra Bauri 78,096 48.34% All India Trinamool Congress
247 Saltora Scheduled Caste Bankura Swapan Bauri 82,597 50.59% All India Trinamool Congress
248 Chhatna N/A Subhasish Batyabal 70,340 45.58% All India Trinamool Congress
249 Ranibandh Scheduled Tribe Debalina Hembram 75,388 44.24% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
250 Raipur Scheduled Tribe Upen Kisku 69,008 44.38% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
251 Taldangra N/A Monoranjan Patra 74,779 47.58% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
252 Bankura N/A Kashinath Mishra 92,835 53.92% All India Trinamool Congress
253 Barjora N/A Ashutosh Mukherjee 84,457 47.68% All India Trinamool Congress
254 Onda N/A Arup Kha 75,699 43.50% All India Trinamool Congress
255 Bishnupur N/A Shyam Mukherjee 77,662 50.29% All India Trinamool Congress
256 Katulpur Scheduled Caste Soumitra Khan 83,355 47.40% Indian National Congress
257 Indas Scheduled Caste Gurupada Mete 85,589 49.05% All India Trinamool Congress
258 Sonamukhi Scheduled Caste Dipali Saha 82,199 49.79% All India Trinamool Congress
259 Khandaghosh Scheduled Caste Bardhaman Nabin Chandra Bag 94,284 52.11% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
260 Bardhaman Dakshin N/A Rabiranjan Chattopadhyay 107,520 57.70% All India Trinamool Congress
261 Raina Scheduled Caste Basudeb Khan 98,897 51.12% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
262 Jamalpur Scheduled Caste Ujjal Pramanik 84,434 48.73% All India Trinamool Congress
263 Manteswar N/A Choudhury Hedaetullaha 81,822 47.24% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
264 Kalna Scheduled Caste Biswajit Kundu 85,096 49.97% All India Trinamool Congress
265 Memari N/A Abul Hasan Mondal 89,083 48.24% All India Trinamool Congress
266 Bardhaman Uttar Scheduled Caste Aparna Saha 98,182 50.86% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
267 Bhatar N/A Banamali Hazra 83,883 47.29% All India Trinamool Congress
268 Purbasthali Dakshin N/A Swapan Debnath 86,039 49.72% All India Trinamool Congress
269 Purbasthali Uttar N/A Tapan Chatterjee 71,107 42.62% All India Trinamool Congress
270 Katwa N/A Rabindranath Chatterjee 97,951 52.52% Indian National Congress
271 Ketugram N/A Sheikh Sahanawez 77,323 45.69% All India Trinamool Congress
272 Mangalkot N/A Sajahan Choudhury 81,316 46.22% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
273 Ausgram Scheduled Caste Basudeb Mete 90,863 52.20% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
274 Galsi Scheduled Caste Sunil Mondal 92,126 50.58% All India Forward Bloc
275 Pandaveswar N/A Gouranga Chatterjee 67,240 49.69% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
276 Durgapur Purba N/A Nikhil Banerjee 87,050 50.32% All India Trinamool Congress
277 Durgapur Paschim N/A Apurba Mukherjee 92,454 51.93% All India Trinamool Congress
278 Raniganj N/A Sohrab Ali 73,810 47.83% All India Trinamool Congress
279 Jamuria N/A Jahanara Khan 72,411 52.81% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
280 Asansol Dakshin N/A Tapas Banerjee 89,645 55.74% All India Trinamool Congress
281 Asansol Uttar N/A Moloy Ghatak 96,011 62.13% All India Trinamool Congress
282 Kulti N/A Ujjal Chatterjee 77,610 56.09% All India Trinamool Congress
283 Barabani N/A Bidhan Upadhyay 78,628 59.20% All India Trinamool Congress
284 Dubrajpur Scheduled Caste Birbhum Bejoy Bagdi 75,347 47.66% All India Forward Bloc
285 Suri N/A Swapan Ghosh 88,244 51.56% All India Trinamool Congress
286 Bolpur N/A Chandranath Sinha 89,394 50.50% All India Trinamool Congress
287 Nanoor Scheduled Caste Gadadhar Hazra 91,818 49.21% All India Trinamool Congress
288 Labpur N/A Manirul Islam 78,697 47.67% All India Trinamool Congress
289 Sainthia Scheduled Caste Dhiren Bagdi 77,512 46.90% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
290 Mayureswar N/A Asoke Roy 67,478 42.31% Communist Party of India (Marxist)
291 Rampurhat N/A Asish Banerjee 75,066 45.79% All India Trinamool Congress
292 Hansan N/A Asit Mal 73,370 46.72% Indian National Congress
293 Nalhati N/A Abhijit Mukherjee 76,047 49.02% Indian National Congress
294 Murarai N/A Noor Alam Chowdhury 77,817 47.75% All India Trinamool Congress


Incumbent Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharya later tendered his resignation to Governor M.K. Narayanan.[18]

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Mamata Banerjee's Oath of Office
Mamata Banerjee takes the oath of office
as Chief Minister administered by Governor M. K. Narayanan on May 20, 2011.

  • TMC's Mamata Banerjee responded to her victory saying "This is a victory of democracy, victory of Maa, Maati, Manush (mother, land and people). There will be end of autocracy and atrocities." (sic)[19] She thanked the INC chief Sonia Gandhi, who sent congratulatory messages, and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh: "The Prime Minister sent me a congratulatory message from Afghanistan for our victory. I am overwhelmed. I am grateful to him."[20] She also said that the day marked "Communism [a]s history in Bengal, we have won a decisive victory. This is a day of liberation for our people." She also added that the TMC intended to emphasise a return to "true democracy that have been undermined by the communist politics of control" and that her government would promote what she termed a more "inclusive development that benefits rural and urban poor by balancing allocations between agriculture and industry" while seeking a more "efficient" government "especially in terms of maintaining law and order in what has become a fairly violent state." She said "I will continue to live like a commoner because I don't like luxury. The support of my people is more important. I am against the Left here but not against Leftism. I share the values of the old Left."[5]
  • West Bengal CPIM leader Biman Bose said that "We are down, but not out. We will perform our role in opposition and win back the people's trust...[as in Tripura] where the Communists messed up and people brought us back. That will happen in Bengal. They went out of power in 1988 and came back to power five years later...ruling it all the way until now.""[5]

International[edit]

  •  Bangladesh: Fellow Bengali and Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina offered her congratulations to Banerjee. Banerjee told the press that "Sheikh Hasinaji called me and congratulated us on behalf of the people of Bangladesh. I told her our relations have been since the time of Bangabandhu (Mujibur Rahman) and told her that we will work together for betterment. I quoted from Rabindranath Tagore’s ‘Amar Sonar Bangla Ami Tomay Bhalobashi’ and told her that both Bangladesh and West Bengal will flourish." (sic)[22]

Media[edit]

In the media she was dubbed as "India's Lech Walesa." Editor Prabhu Chawla said that "Their (Communist) future in Indian politics is in jeopardy. This is an obsolete ideology and will not work here anymore."

Tarun Vijay, the editor of the Organiser Weekly said that "Now Indian politics at the federal level will be more bipolar - with the Congress leading one coalition and the Hindu nationalist BJP leading the other."

Al Jazeera said that the only hope for a Communist resurgence is "if Banerji, whose performance as India's railway minister has not been overly impressive, fails in her position of governance." It also said Banerjee's "austere lifestyle appears closer to the old icons of the Bengal communist movement than their successors who had become corrupted by three decades of power."

Academia[edit]

Sabyasachi Basu Roy Choudhury of the Calcutta Research Group said that the election was "the most dramatic reversal of fortunes in Bengal's history...The anti-left mass got a powerful leader in Mamata Banerjee and she started to reach out to the floating voters, issue by issue. That explains why the tide has turned against the communists...Bengal's communism was unique in that it grew among the people not through armed revolution. This was a party that grew by consensus by carrying with them all sections of middle class, rural and urban poor - even the gentry. But somewhere down the line, the arrogance of power led them to adopt narrow, sectarian politics and that is their undoing now."

Pradip Bose said of the results reasons that: "How could a communist government ask police to fire on peasants like they did in Nandigram to set up a chemical industry. That has eroded their support amongst the rural poor and Mamata Banerji has gained by leading campaigns against the acquisitions." Economist Bibek Debroy said that "The Communists were functioning within the parameters of Indian democracy but they tried to create a party whereby they could control all segments of Bengali society. They are paying dearly for their obsession for control because the fiercely independent Bengali middle class would take it no more." Ranabir Sammadar said that: "Within thirteen years of breaking away from the Congress and forming her own Trinamul party, she has marginalised the Congress in Bengal as much as the communists now. That's a major achievement." Paula Banerji said of the win that it was a "demonstration of the political power of the Bengali women. Now Banerji has done 'a Hasina' in our state. (sic) Both the Bengals will now be ruled by women and in Bangladesh, even the main opposition leader is a women. The communists don't have a female leader of Banerji's stature and unless they find one, they cannot take her on."[5]

Analysis[edit]

The election result was read as having a significant impact on the national political scene.[23]

The election marked the defeat of the 34-year rule of the CPI (M) government, thereby marking an end to the world's longest-serving democratically elected communist government, who were blamed for the state's economic decline.[24] The West Bengal capital of Kolkata was ranked last out of 17 major Indian cities for ease of doing business, according to a recent World Bank report.[25] The Communist loss also coincided with another electoral loss in Kerala.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constituency Wise Result Status". Eciresults.ap.nic.in. 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  2. ^ "Chief Minister-in-waiting". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  3. ^ "Assembly Election Schedule 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  4. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Subir Bhaumik. "Defeat rocks India's elected communists - Features". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  6. ^ Roy, Saugata (2011). "Buddha fights the big Mamata surge - The Times of India". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "gazette123.pdf (application/pdf Object)". ceowestbengal.nic.in. 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "West Bengal Assembly Election 2011 Dates". www.westbengalelections2011.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  9. ^ "ac_elec_schedule_2011.pdf (application/pdf Object)". ceowestbengal.nic.in. 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Mamata ends campaign at CM seat". Telegraphindia.com. 2011-04-26. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  11. ^ "Forbes India - 2011 West Bengal State Elections' Impact on Land Reforms". business.in.com. 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Bengal intellectuals urge Chidambaram to help disarm Harmad Vahini - Times Of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "Telangana today, Gorkhaland tomorrow?". Reuters. 10 December 2009. 
  14. ^ "Telangana effect: GJM to fast for Gorkhaland - Rediff.com India News". News.rediff.com. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  15. ^ "Buddhadeb says no to Gorkhaland - Times Of India". The Times Of India. 20 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Appeal16042011.pdf (application/pdf Object)". eci.nic.in. 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "Border with Bangladesh to be sealed in Malda district | West Bengal Election 2011". Westbengalelections2011.com. 2011-04-12. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  18. ^ "Bengal rout completes CPM's downhill journey - Politics - Politics News - ibnlive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  19. ^ Web18 (2011-05-13). "Mamata the dragon-slayer to Mamata the ice-cool politician". Firstpost. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  20. ^ "I am grateful to Prime Minister, Sonia, says Mamata | West Bengal Election 2011". Westbengalelections2011.com. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  21. ^ CNN-IBN. 13 May 2011. 20:30 IST.
  22. ^ "Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina congratulates Mamata | West Bengal Election 2011". Westbengalelections2011.com. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  23. ^ Web18 (2011-05-13). "Election scenarios, playing the ‘what if’ game". Firstpost. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  24. ^ "India: Mamata Banerjee routs communists in West Bengal". BBC News. 13 May 2011. 
  25. ^ Sharma, Amol (14 May 2011). "Big Loss for India Communists". The Wall Street Journal.