West Bromwich East (UK Parliament constituency)
|West Bromwich East|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of West Bromwich East in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||63,008 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Tom Watson (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
1974-1983: The County Borough of West Bromwich wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, Sandwell, and Tantany.
1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
1997-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
2010-present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont and Grove Vale, Friar Park, Great Barr with Yew Tree, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
West Bromwich East is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering the east and north-east of the borough. It includes most of the town of West Bromwich and the part of Great Barr that is in Sandwell.
The seat formerly shared some wards with West Bromwich West: before 2010 instead placed in the latter seat were a small minority of 1,697 electors in the west of the wards of Friar Park and Greets Green and Lyng, also a negligible portion of Wednesbury South was contained in West Bromwich East.[n 3]
The constituency was formed in 1974 and took its present wards in 1997 (small parts of which remained shared until 2010, see above).
- Political history
Since its formation the constituency has only elected Labour MPs. Most recent electoral results present a safe seat for the Labour Party, who won the seat with large majorities in the 1990s and 2000s, although this was not the case in the 1980s when the Conservative Party came close to winning the seat.
West Bromwich itself is the main town, which has West Bromwich Albion F.C. and a historic centre, with a programme of investment in 21st century apartments as with nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich East has suffered from high unemployment, and as a result of the current recession which began in 2008 unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 7.6% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, however this was lower than in West Bromwich West with 8.1% of its constituents of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Peter Snape||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: West Bromwich East|
|General Election 2010: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Garrett||4,993||13.2||+0.8|
|English Democrats||Mark Cowles||1,150||3.0||+3.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Garrett||4,386||12.4||−1.4|
|Socialist Labour||Judith Sambrook||200||0.6||−1.2|
|General Election 2001: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Garrett||4,507||13.8||-1.1|
|Socialist Labour||Satbir Johal||585||1.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal Democrat||Martyn G Smith||6,179||14.9||+1.8|
|Referendum Party||Graham Mulley||1,472||3.5||N/A|
|General Election 1992: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal Democrat||Martyn G Smith||5,630||13.1||−4.0|
|National Front||John Lord||477||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal||Martyn G Smith||7,268||17.06|
|General Election 1983: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal||Martyn G Smith||10,200||24.47|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: West Bromwich East|
|Liberal||Martyn G Smith||3,228||7.88|
|National Front||C Allsopp||1,175||2.87|
|General Election October 1974: West Bromwich East|
|National Front||G Bowen||1,692||4.28|
|General Election February 1974: West Bromwich East|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Consisting of 48 electors at the time of reassessment.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- West Bromwich East, UKPollingReport