West Bromwich East (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Bromwich East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of West Bromwich East in West Midlands.
Outline map
Location of West Midlands within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 63,008 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Tom Watson (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

West Bromwich East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Tom Watson, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The county borough of West Bromwich wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, Sandwell, and Tantany.

1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.

1997-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.

2010-present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont and Grove Vale, Friar Park, Great Barr with Yew Tree, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.

West Bromwich East is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering the east and north-east of the borough. It includes most of the town of West Bromwich and the part of Great Barr that is in Sandwell.

The seat formerly shared some wards with West Bromwich West: before 2010 instead placed in the latter seat were a small minority of 1,697 electors in the west of the wards of Friar Park and Greets Green and Lyng, also a negligible portion of Wednesbury South was contained in West Bromwich East.[n 3][2]

History[edit]

The constituency was formed in 1974 and took its present wards in 1997 (small parts of which remained shared until 2010, see above).

Political history

Since its formation the constituency has only elected Labour MPs. Most recent electoral results present a safe seat for the Labour Party, who won the seat with large majorities in the 1990s and 2000s, although this was not the case in the 1980s when the Conservative Party came close to winning the seat.

Constituency profile[edit]

West Bromwich itself is the main town, which has West Bromwich Albion F.C. and a historic centre, with a programme of investment in 21st century apartments as with nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich East has suffered from high unemployment, and as a result of the current recession which began in 2008 unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.[3]

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 7.6% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, however this was lower than in West Bromwich West with 8.1% of its constituents of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
Feb 1974 Peter Snape Labour
2001 Tom Watson Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Watson
Conservative
Liberal Democrat
UKIP
General Election 2010: West Bromwich East[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Watson 17,657 46.5 -9.2
Conservative Alistair Thompson 10,961 28.9 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Ian Garrett 4,993 13.2 +0.8
BNP Terry Lewin 2,205 5.8 -0.6
English Democrats Mark Cowles 1,150 3.0 +3.0
UKIP Steve Grey 984 2.6 +0.9
Majority 6,696 17.6
Turnout 37,950 60.4 +2.2
Labour hold Swing -7.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Watson 19,741 55.6 −0.3
Conservative Rosemary Bromwich 8,089 22.8 −3.2
Liberal Democrat Ian Garrett 4,386 12.4 −1.4
BNP Carl Butler 2,329 6.6 N/A
UKIP Steven Grey 607 1.7 −0.9
Socialist Labour Judith Sambrook 200 0.6 −1.2
Independent Margaret Macklin 160 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,652 32.8
Turnout 35,512 58.6 +5.2
Labour hold Swing +1.5
General Election 2001: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Watson 18,250 55.9 -1.3
Conservative David McFarlane 8,487 26.0 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Ian Garrett 4,507 13.8 -1.1
UKIP Steven Gray 835 2.6 N/A
Socialist Labour Satbir Johal 585 1.8 N/A
Majority 9,763 29.9
Turnout 32,664 53.4 -12.0
Labour hold Swing −1.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 23,710 57.2 +10.0
Conservative Brian Matsell 10,126 22.4 -17.3
Liberal Democrat Martyn G Smith 6,179 14.9 +1.8
Referendum Party Graham Mulley 1,472 3.5 N/A
Majority 13,584 32.7 +26.2
Turnout 41,487 65.4 -10.3
Labour hold Swing +13.6
General Election 1992: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 19,913 46.2 +3.6
Conservative Crispin Blunt 17,100 39.7 −0.7
Liberal Democrat Martyn G Smith 5,630 13.1 −4.0
National Front John Lord 477 1.1 N/A
Majority 2,813 6.5 +4.2
Turnout 43,120 75.7 +2.6
Labour hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 18,162 42.64
Conservative RF Woodhouse 17,179 40.32
Liberal Martyn G Smith 7,268 17.06
Majority 983 2.31
Turnout 73.16
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 15,894 38.12
Conservative C Cole 15,596 37.41
Liberal Martyn G Smith 10,200 24.47
Majority 298 0.71
Turnout 70.20
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 19,279 47.03
Conservative J Wright 17,308 42.22
Liberal Martyn G Smith 3,228 7.88
National Front C Allsopp 1,175 2.87
Majority 1,971 4.81
Turnout 71.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 19,942 50.50
Conservative David Mellor 12,413 31.43
Liberal JPT Hunt 5,442 13.78
National Front G Bowen 1,692 4.28
Majority 7,529 19.07
Turnout 67.62
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: West Bromwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Snape 21,895 52.77
Conservative DW Bell 16,686 40.22
Liberal M Webster 2,907 7.01
Majority 5,209 12.56
Turnout 71.86
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Consisting of 48 electors at the time of reassessment.
References

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°32′N 1°59′W / 52.54°N 1.98°W / 52.54; -1.98