West Bromwich West (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Bromwich West
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of West Bromwich West in West Midlands.
Outline map
Location of West Midlands within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 65,249 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Tipton and Wednesbury
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Adrian Bailey (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

West Bromwich West is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Adrian Bailey, a member of the Labour Party and of the Cooperative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The county borough of West Bromwich wards of Greets Green, Hill Top, Horseley Heath, Lyng, Market, Tibbington, Tipton Green, and Wood Green.

1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Great Bridge, Greets Green and Lyng, Princes End, Tipton Green, Wednesbury North, and Wednesbury South.

1997-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Great Bridge, Oldbury, Princes End, Tipton Green, Tividale, Wednesbury North, and Wednesbury South.

2010-present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Great Bridge, Oldbury, Princes End, Tipton Green, Tividale, Wednesbury North, and Wednesbury South.

West Bromwich West is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering its west and north-west. Main settlements are the towns of Tipton and Wednesbury, others the villages or suburbs of Great Bridge, Princes End and Tividale.

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1974 and took its present boundaries (except for partial ward shares with West Bromwich East) in 1997.

Political history

The seat has been held by either the Labour Party or one of its members as the Speaker of the House of Commons since its creation - the most marginal majority in 2005 was still a majority of 16.3% of the vote.

At local level, Labour safely hold most of the wards of the constituency, who were, from 2008 until 2012 followed by the controversial British National Party who held four councillors, ahead of the Conservatives with three, hence a fairly strong BNP showing in the 2005 general election, receiving nearly 10% of the vote.

Prominent frontbenchers

From 1974 until 2000 this was the constituency of Betty Boothroyd, who was first elected for the former West Bromwich in its by-election in 1973 and became the first woman to be Speaker of the House of Commons in 1992. She retired as Speaker in 2000.[n 3] The ensuing by-election was won by Labour Co-operative candidate Adrian Bailey, who has held the seat to date.

Constituency profile[edit]

Wednesbury and Tipton are economic centres and historic towns with considerable suburbs although overshadowed in the service sector by nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich West has suffered from an acute, stubbornly great minority of unemployment, and as a result of the current recession which began in 2008 unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.[2]

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, this also exceeded the regional average of 4.7% of those of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
Feb 1974 Betty Boothroyd Labour
1992 Speaker
2000 by-election Adrian Bailey Labour Co-op

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Adrian Bailey 16,263 45.0 -8.7
Conservative Andrew Hardie 10,612 29.3 +6.6
Liberal Democrat Sadie Smith 4,336 12.0 +1.8
BNP Russ Green 3,394 9.4 -0.5
UKIP Malcolm Ford 1,566 4.3 +1.8
Majority 5,651 15.6
Turnout 36,171 55.6 +4.0
Labour hold Swing −7.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Adrian Bailey 18,951 54.3 −6.5
Conservative Mimi Harker 8,057 23.1 −2.0
Liberal Democrat Martyn Smith 3,583 10.3 +3.5
BNP James Lloyd 3,456 9.9 +5.4
UKIP Kevin Walker 870 2.5 +0.9
Majority 10,894 31.2
Turnout 34,917 52.3 +4.6
Labour hold Swing −2.3
General Election 2001: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Adrian Bailey 19,352 60.8 N/A
Conservative Karen Bissell 7,997 25.1 N/A
Liberal Democrat Sadie Smith 2,168 6.8 N/A
BNP John Salvage 1,428 4.5 N/A
UKIP Kevin Walker 499 1.6 N/A
Socialist Labour Baghwant Singh 396 1.2 N/A
Majority 11,355 35.7
Turnout 31,840 47.7 -6.7
Labour hold Swing
West Bromwich West by-election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Adrian Bailey 9,460 50.6 N/A
Conservative Karen Bissell 6,408 34.3 N/A
Liberal Democrat Sadie Smith 1,791 9.6 N/A
BNP Nick Griffin 794 4.2 N/A
UKIP Jonathan Oakton 246 1.3 N/A
Majority
Turnout 27.3
Labour gain from Speaker Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Betty Boothroyd 23,969 65.3 N/A
Independent Labour Richard Silvester 8,546 23.3 N/A
National Democrats Steven Edwards 4,181 11.4 N/A
Majority 15,423 40.0
Turnout 36,696 54.4
Speaker gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1992: West Bromwich West[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 22,251 54.8 +4.3
Conservative Desmond Swayne 14,421 35.5 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Sarah Broadbent 3,925 9.7 −2.7
Majority 7,830 19.3 +6.0
Turnout 40,597 70.4 +3.4
Labour hold Swing +3.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 19,925 50.48
Conservative FA Betteridge 14,672 37.17
Social Democrat A Collingbourne 4,877 12.35
Majority 5,253 13.31
Turnout 66.97
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 18,896 50.73
Conservative D Harman 12,257 32.91
Social Democrat A Collingbourne 6,094 16.36
Majority 6,639 17.82
Turnout 63.84
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 23,791 60.28
Conservative D Harrison 14,323 36.29
National Front R Churms 1,351 3.42
Majority 9,468 23.99
Turnout 67.11
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 23,336 62.21
Conservative N Bridges-Adams 8,537 22.76
Liberal DJ Corney 3,619 9.65
National Front R Churms 2,022 5.39
Majority 14,799 39.45
Turnout 62.79
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: West Bromwich West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Betty Boothroyd 25,112 62.94
Conservative PM Smith 11,681 29.28
National Front G Bowen 3,107 7.79
Majority 13,431 33.66
Turnout 67.46
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ She was elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Boothroyd of Sandwell.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Croydon North East
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1992–2000
Succeeded by
Glasgow Springburn

Coordinates: 52°32′N 2°03′W / 52.53°N 2.05°W / 52.53; -2.05