West Bromwich West (UK Parliament constituency)
|West Bromwich West|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of West Bromwich West in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||65,249 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Tipton and Wednesbury|
|Member of Parliament||Adrian Bailey (Labour Co-op)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
West Bromwich West is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering its west and north-west. Main settlements are the towns of Tipton and Wednesbury, others the villages or suburbs of Great Bridge, Princes End and Tividale.
The seat has seven wards:
- Great Bridge, Oldbury, Princes End, Tipton Green, Tividale, Wednesbury North and Wednesbury South*
From 1983 to 1997, the constituency was made up of six electoral wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell: Great Bridge, Greets Green and Lyng, Princes End, Tipton Green, Wednesbury North, Wednesbury South. In boundary changes in 1997, Tividale ward was added from the now-abolished constituency of Warley West.
The constituency was created in 1974 and took its present boundaries (except for partial ward shares with West Bromwich East) in 1997.
- Political history
The seat has been held by either the Labour Party or one of its members as the Speaker of the House of Commons since its creation - the most marginal majority in 2005 was still a majority of 16.3% of the vote.
At local level, Labour safely hold most of the wards of the constituency, who were, from 2008 until 2012 followed by the controversial British National Party who held four councillors, ahead of the Conservatives with three, hence a fairly strong BNP showing in the 2005 general election, receiving nearly 10% of the vote.
- Prominent frontbenchers
From 1974 until 2000 this was the constituency of Betty Boothroyd, who was first elected for the former West Bromwich in its by-election in 1973 and became the first woman to be Speaker of the House of Commons in 1992. She retired as Speaker in 2000.[n 3] The ensuing by-election was won by Labour Co-operative candidate Adrian Bailey, who has held the seat to date.
Wednesbury and Tipton are economic centres and historic towns with considerable suburbs although overshadowed in the service sector by nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich West has suffered from an acute, stubbornly great minority of unemployment, and as a result of the current recession which began in 2008 unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, this also exceeded the regional average of 4.7% of those of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Betty Boothroyd||Labour|
|2000 by-election||Adrian Bailey||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: West Bromwich West|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||16,263||45.0||-8.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||4,336||12.0||+1.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: West Bromwich West|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||18,951||54.3||−6.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Martyn Smith||3,583||10.3||+3.5|
|General Election 2001: West Bromwich West|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||19,352||60.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||2,168||6.8||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Baghwant Singh||396||1.2||N/A|
|West Bromwich West by-election, 2000|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||9,460||50.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||1,791||9.6||N/A|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: West Bromwich West|
|Independent Labour||Richard Silvester||8,546||23.3||N/A|
|National Democrats||Steven Edwards||4,181||11.4||N/A|
|Speaker gain from Labour||Swing|
|General Election 1992: West Bromwich West|
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Broadbent||3,925||9.7||−2.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: West Bromwich West|
|Social Democrat||A Collingbourne||4,877||12.35|
|General Election 1983: West Bromwich West|
|Social Democrat||A Collingbourne||6,094||16.36|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: West Bromwich West|
|National Front||R Churms||1,351||3.42|
|General Election October 1974: West Bromwich West|
|National Front||R Churms||2,022||5.39|
|General Election February 1974: West Bromwich West|
|National Front||G Bowen||3,107||7.79|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- She was elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Boothroyd of Sandwell.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Croydon North East
|Constituency represented by the Speaker