West Calder

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Coordinates: 55°51′07″N 3°34′07″W / 55.85199°N 3.56854°W / 55.85199; -3.56854

West Calder
Scots: Wast Cauder[1]
West Calder Main Street2.jpg
West Calder Main Street looking towards the West End
West Calder is located in West Lothian
West Calder
West Calder
 West Calder shown within West Lothian
Population 5,370 [1]
OS grid reference NT019632
Council area West Lothian
Lieutenancy area West Lothian
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WEST CALDER
Postcode district EH55
Dialling code 01506
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Livingston
Scottish Parliament Almond Valley
List of places
UK
Scotland

West Calder is a town in West Lothian, Scotland, located 4 miles west of Livingston. The town was an important centre for the oil shale economy in the 19th and 20th Centuries. West Calder has its own railway station. The surrounding villages that take the towns name in their address; Polbeth, Addiewell, Loganlee, Harburn and Westwood outline the area that this town encompasses and they all have played an important part in the history of the town as well as the town has played in West Lothian. It is also has the most northerly centre of the Dogs Trust, closely followed by the new centre at Glasgow. The town is a 10 minute drive from Livingston, which is host to two large shopping centres.

History[edit]

Further information: Timeline of West Calder history

Burngrange Pit disaster[edit]

A memorial in the centre of the town remembers the fifteen men killed on 10 January 1947 as a result of an explosion at the Burngrange oil shale mine southwest of the town.

Architecture[edit]

Most housing in the village dates from the mid-20th century, though it has a public library built as early as 1903. Funded by Carnegie money this building represents a fine example of the Art Nouveau style and has a decorative interior. The parish church (1643) was abandoned in 1880 and is now roofless.

West Calder Main Street looking towards the East End

Notable people[edit]

  • Sir Archibald Douglas (1298–1333), Guardian of Scotland and military leader.
  • The birthplace of James Douglas (1675–1742), Scottish physician and anatomist
  • The birthplace of John Kane (1860–1934), painter celebrated for his skill in Naïve art.
  • George Hogg (1869 – ????), Scottish footballer
  • Thomas Fairfoul (1881–1952), Scottish footballer
  • Laurence Ennis, chief engineer on the Sydney Harbour Bridge
  • Rhys McCabe, footballer currently playing for Rangers
  • Robert McKeen (1884–1974), Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
  • Dougal Haston (1940–1977), mountaineer and pupil at West Calder High
  • Brian Eddie, footballer
  • Alexander Ritchie, (1935- ) Australian geologist

Sport[edit]

West Calder is home to the junior football club West Calder United.

Misc[edit]

West Calder also has a Masonic Hall which is home to Lodge Thistle number 270 of the Roll of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. The hall is also home to the West Calder chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star.

West Calder is also the home of the West Calder Model Flying Club, the club is run for the enjoyment and promotion of radio control model aircraft flying in the area. The club has its own tarmac runway and is maintained by the members for use throughout the whole year. www.modelclub.org

References[edit]

External links[edit]