West Clandon

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Coordinates: 51°15′41″N 0°30′29″W / 51.2613°N 0.508°W / 51.2613; -0.508

West Clandon
Clandon House.jpg
Clandon House or Clandon Park House in Clandon Park, an estate covering about half of the parish, is owned by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, qualities it has as a grade II listed building on clay slopes by the North Downs.
Onslow Arms, West Clandon. - geograph.org.uk - 140730.jpg
The Onslow Arms
West Clandon is located in Surrey
West Clandon
West Clandon
 West Clandon shown within Surrey
Area  9.57 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
Population 1,363 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  142 /km2 (370 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ041524
District Guildford
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Guildford
Postcode district GU4
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

West Clandon is a village in Surrey, England[2] within 4 miles of the M25 and the A3. The nearest village, which has the shared parade of shops is East Clandon next to the railway station and contiguous with West Clandon's clustered development.

As such, the village is served by Clandon railway station which runs stopping services via Cobham and Stoke D'Abernon as well as via Epsom to London Waterloo in one direction, and to Guildford in the other. Woking station is about 5 miles away (although there is no direct rail link) and offers many more destinations and a fast service to London.

History and landmarks[edit]

West Clandon appears in Domesday Book undivided as Clanedun held by Hugo (Hugh) from Edward de Salisbury. Its domesday assets were: 2½ hides; 1 church (replaced approximately one century later),[3] 1 mill worth 3s, 2½ ploughs, woodland worth 5 hogs. It rendered £3 per year to its overlords.[4]

Main article: Clandon Park

Clandon Park, a Palladian architecture mansion, is in the village, an estate, hosting for dedicated visit days and weddings, entirely run by The National Trust. George Duncumbe owned it from 1615 until 1642 on its gradual sale to Sir Richard Onslow starting with the large lodge in the park in 1642, and a series of transactions with the Onslow family, begun in 1650, was finally concluded in 1711 by the transference of the manor to Sir Richard Onslow, a mild Roundhead (Parliamentarian).[3]

It was owned by successive Earls of Onslow as their main home; as heirs to the lands of the Earl of Surrey, until the late 20th century the Earl was the largest private landowner in the county.

Church[edit]

The largely late 12th century church has later medieval roofs. In the chancel are preserved, in a glass case, some medieval panels of oak; probably late 13th or early 14th-century date; the figures upon them are St. Peter and St. Paul on either side of Saint Thomas of Canterbury; the two apostles bear their respective emblems, the keys and the sword; the martyred archbishop between them has his right hand raised in benediction, while the left holds the cross staff; there are traces of gold on the nimbus of each saint, and the figures are coarsely outlined in black. Much of the pewing in the western part of the nave is nicely carved in dark wood imported from abroad by a former Earl of Onslow.

The six bells were all by Thomas Lester, 1741, but the third, fourth, and fifth were re-cast by Mears and Stainbank in 1875. One is inscribed in capitals 'At propper times my voice II raies, unto my bennifactor praise.'

The communion plate includes an Elizabethan cup and cover paten of the date 1569; also another paten of 1712 given by Sir Richard Onslow.

The registers begin in the unusually early year of 1536.[3]

Amenities[edit]

Twin, common mock tudor homes in the village, in this case however, a crossover between single familys and semi-detached houses
Topiary is seen in some of the properties in the village, which has a garden centre in its main parkland estate and a long history of landscaping.

The only shop within the parish bounds is the Clandon Park gift shop and the Garden Centre. The village has two pubs: The Onslow Arms and The Bull's Head, as well as a British Legion. The Onslow Arms closed for refurbishment in June 2010 until the end of that year.

Village residents can also join the village social group, called Rompers, which arranges lunches, coffees, cheese and wine, BBQ party and Winter party.

Folklore[edit]

Legend has it that a dragon once blocked the route to West Clandon. In commemoration there is a dragon cut into the chalk face of an old quarry.[5] The legend was recorded in the Gentleman's Magazine in 1796, where it was recounted that the dragon infested one of the back lanes of the village. A soldier killed the dragon with the help of his dog, in return for being pardoned for desertion.[6] The modern village sign depicts the battle between the dog and the dragon.[6]

Nearby villages include Ockham, East and West Horsley. Local towns are Woking and Guildford.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 326 122 17 42 1 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,363 508 44.1% 28.3% 957[1]

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ OS Explorer map 145:Guildford and Farnham. Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton. ISBN 978 0319239261
  3. ^ a b c H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: West Clandon". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  5. ^ West Clandon Dragon
  6. ^ a b Westwood and Simpson 2005, p.721.

References[edit]

  • Westwood, Jennifer; and Jacqueline Simpson (2005). The Lore of the Land: A Guide to England's Legends, from Spring-heeled Jack to the Witches of Warboys. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-100711-7. OCLC 61302120. 

External links[edit]