West Cork (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||County Cork|
East Cork, a division of County Cork, was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1885 to 1922 it returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Until the 1885 general election the area was part of the Cork County constituency. From 1922 it was not represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom UK Parliament, as it was no longer in the UK.
This constituency comprised the western part of County Cork.
Members of Parliament
|1885||James Gilhooly||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1900||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1916 by-election||Daniel O'Leary||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1918||Seán Hayes||Sinn Féin|
- December 1885 – James Gilhooly (1845-16 October 1916 aged 71), Nationalist, Vintner
- 1886 – James Gilhooly, Nationalist
- 1892 – James Gilhooly, Nationalist (3155 votes); Somers Payne (Unionist) stood against
- 1895 – James Gilhooly, Anti-Parnellite
- 1900 – James Gilhooly, Nationalist
- 1906 – James Gilhooly, Nationalist
- 1910 (January) – James Gilhooly, All-for-Ireland League (2155 votes); Daniel O'Leary, Official Nationalist (1382 votes)
- 1910 (December) – James Gilhooly, All-for-Ireland League (2218 votes); Daniel O'Leary, Official Nationalist (1959 votes)
- 15 November 1916, (By-Election on Gilhooley's death)
During World War I the major political parties observed an electoral truce and most elections were uncontested with the incumbent party nominating a successor who was returned unopposed. Unusually, when Gilhooly died, the seat was contested by three candidates none of whom had official recognition from the Irish Nationalist political organisations but all of whom supported the broad Nationalist agenda. The by-election has its place in history as the first after the Easter Rising, the last in which the Irish Parliamentary Party captured a seat, the effective self-inflicted demise of the All-for-Ireland League and, in general, a pivotal point in the transition from one era to another. It was also the last great clash between the political rivals William O'Brien's All-for-Ireland League and John Redmond's Irish Parliamentary Party.
|15 November 1916 (by-election)|
|Frank J. Healy||O'Brienite2||1750|
|Dr. Michael B. Shipsey||Independent Nationalist3||370|
1O'Leary had pledged to join the Irish Parliamentary Party and was a supporter of John Redmond. However, the official Nationalists' organisation (the United Irish League) had withheld approval of his candidacy.
2Healy was imprisoned in Frongoch internment camp for supposedly being associated with Sinn Féin, but Sinn Féin repudiated his candidacy for not revoking to take his seat at Westminster, instead had been supported by William O'Brien, who was leader of the All-for-Ireland League.
The 1916 by-election, which contrasted so obviously with Gilhooly's long tenure of the seat, was viewed as a farce by Unionist opinion.
- 1918 – 14 December 1918, Séan Hayes, Sinn Féin, returned unopposed
- A bitter by-election in 1916: West Cork pivotal point in transition to new era; Southern Star Centenery Edition – 1889–1989
Article pp 89–90 by George D. Kelleher, Inniscarra, co. Cork
- West Cork Election. Candidates And Sinn Féin Prisoners. In: The Times (London), Tuesday, November 14, 1916 p. 5 col. C
- Tony Williams, House of Commons Information Office
- Brian M. Walker, Parliamentary Election Results In Ireland 1801 -1922 (Royal Irish Academy, 1978)
- Michael Stenton and Stephen Lees, Who's Who in British Members of Parliament 1919 -1945 p. 156 (Hayes)
- Michael Stenton and Stephen Lees, Who's Who in British Members of Parliament 1886 -1918 p. 136 (Gilhooley), p. 273 (O'Leary)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]