West Croydon station

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For the Australian station, see West Croydon railway station, Adelaide.
West Croydon National Rail London Overground Tramlink
West Croydon stn entrance.JPG
West Croydon is located in Greater London
West Croydon
West Croydon
Location of West Croydon in Greater London
Location Croydon
Local authority London Borough of Croydon
Managed by London Overground
Owner Network Rail
Station code WCY
DfT category C2
Number of platforms 3 (formerly 4)
Accessible Yes [1]
Fare zone 5
Tramlink annual boardings and alightings
2009–10 1.312 million[2]
2010–11 1.502 million[3]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2004–05  0.717 million[4]
2005–06 Decrease 0.651 million[4]
2006–07 Increase 2.911 million[4]
2007–08 Decrease 2.572 million[4]
2009–10 Increase 2.556 million[4]
2010–11 Increase 3.323 million[4]
2011–12 Increase 3.870 million[4]
2012–13 Increase 4.301 million[4]
Key dates
5 June 1839 Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°22′42″N 0°06′09″W / 51.3783°N 0.1025°W / 51.3783; -0.1025

West Croydon station is a transport interchange for National Rail, Tramlink and London Buses. It is in the London Borough of Croydon and Travelcard Zone 5. The East London line, part of London Overground, was extended to the station on 23 May 2010.

Facilities[edit]

Railway station[edit]

The main entrance is on London Road, a short distance from the main shopping area. There are ticket barriers protecting the platforms. Trains run to London Victoria, London Bridge, Highbury & Islington, and Sutton and from there to west Surrey and West Sussex.

By December 2009 station remodelling and tracklaying were completed for the southern extension of the East London Line, of which West Croydon is a terminus. The space occupied by former bay platform 2, out of use since the Wimbledon service was withdrawn in 1997 and replaced by Tramlink in 2000, has been utilised to extend platform 3, the London-bound platform. Bay platform 1 has been retained.

In April 2012 a new entrance was constructed in Station Road, allowing direct access to the railway station from the adjacent bus and tram stops.[5]

Bus station and tram stop[edit]

The tram and bus interchange at West Croydon. The white building in the distance is the original station entrance.
West Croydon Bus Station
A Croydon tram in 2000

A short distance from the main entrance is Station Road, where West Croydon bus station and tram stop are located. The tram stop is next to, but was for a long time physically separate from, the rail platforms, until the construction of the new entrance. All Tramlink routes use West Croydon, which is a single platform stop on the unidirectional loop around central Croydon.

The bus station is a hub for London Buses, with 19 routes terminating or passing through.

History[edit]

A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines around the Brighton Main Line between South Croydon and Selhurst/Forest Hill, and surrounding lines.

From 1809 to 1836 the site was the terminal basin of the Croydon Canal. The canal was drained and became part of the route of the London & Croydon Railway, opening on 5 June 1839.[6] In 1845 the L&C inaugurated the atmospheric system of propulsion; it worked for about a year but was not successful. The station was originally named Croydon; in April 1851 it became West Croydon.[6]

The canal basin was served by a short private branch from the terminus of the Surrey Iron Railway (SIR) at Pitlake. From 1855 the station was the terminus of the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line, which followed much of the route of the SIR. This line closed on 31 May 1997, to be replaced by Tramlink. Platform 2, the terminal bay for the Wimbledon line, was trackless until 2008. Very little remains of this platform apart from a little section at the western end, as most of it was filled in to extend platform 3 to allow trains to stop closer to the stairs.

A sad event occurred here in 1912 when the composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875–1912), resident of Croydon, collapsed from overwork and pneumonia, dying a few days later.

During the 1930s the station saw major alterations and reconstruction. A new ticket office was built on London Road. The original station buildings, ticket office and entrance in Station Road were closed and are still standing, converted to a shop.

Services[edit]

Trains are provided by Southern and London Overground. West Croydon is Croydon's second station, used mainly by suburban trains: the main station is East Croydon, served by express trains to London and the South Coast and suburban trains.

The Monday-Saturday off-peak service includes the following trains per hour:

  • 1 to Epsom via Waddon, Wallington, Carshalton Beeches, Sutton (Surrey), Cheam and Ewell East, taking 33 minutes.

At peak hours, there are trains between London Bridge and Guildford or Dorking via West Croydon. Between West Croydon and London Bridge, these trains call only at Norwood Junction.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Selhurst   Southern
Sutton & Mole Valley Line
  Waddon
Norwood Junction Southern
London Victoria to Sutton via Crystal Palace
Selhurst   Southern
London Bridge to West Croydon
  Terminus
Preceding station   Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
Norwood Junction
towards Highbury & Islington
  East London Line   Terminus
Preceding tram stop   Tramlink no-text roundel.svg Tramlink   Following tram stop
One-way operation
Route 1
towards Elmers End
Route 2
Route 3
towards New Addington
Route 4
towards Elmers End
  Disused railways  
Waddon Marsh   Network SouthEast
West Croydon to Wimbledon Line
  Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Network Map". Southern. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Tram Stop Usage 2009-10 (FOI)" (XLS). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2009-2010. Transport for London. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Tramlink numbers 2010-2011" (PDF). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2010-2011. Transport for London. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  5. ^ "New entrance to West Croydon station provides better access for all". Transport for London. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 73, 245. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 

External links[edit]