West Elizabeth, Pennsylvania

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"West Elizabeth" redirects here. For the setting in Red Dead Redemption, see West Elizabeth (fictional state).
West Elizabeth
Borough
Fifth Street
Fifth Street
Location within Allegheny County
Location within Allegheny County
West Elizabeth is located in Pennsylvania
West Elizabeth
West Elizabeth
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°16′22″N 79°53′42″W / 40.27278°N 79.89500°W / 40.27278; -79.89500Coordinates: 40°16′22″N 79°53′42″W / 40.27278°N 79.89500°W / 40.27278; -79.89500
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 518
 • Density 1,700/sq mi (670/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 15088

West Elizabeth is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 518 at the 2010 census.[1]

Sketch showing Elizabeth and West Elizabeth, PA, circa 1897

Geography[edit]

West Elizabeth is located at 40°16′22″N 79°53′42″W / 40.27278°N 79.89500°W / 40.27278; -79.89500 (40.272901, -79.894918).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), of which 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 27.59%, is water.

History[edit]

The town was initially laid out in 1833, and incorporated March 3, 1848.[3] West Elizabeth was a coal mining and boat-building town. Coal was transported by barge down the Monongahela River to industries in Pittsburgh. Coal was transported from the mine to the river by Walton's Coal Incline and the O'Neil and Company Incline.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 328
1860 364 11.0%
1870 590 62.1%
1880 838 42.0%
1890 719 −14.2%
1900 747 3.9%
1910 841 12.6%
1920 890 5.8%
1930 1,074 20.7%
1940 1,297 20.8%
1950 1,137 −12.3%
1960 921 −19.0%
1970 848 −7.9%
1980 808 −4.7%
1990 634 −21.5%
2000 565 −10.9%
2010 518 −8.3%
Est. 2012 516 −0.4%
Sources:[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 565 people, 247 households, and 153 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,764.6 people per square mile (1,090.7/km²). There were 279 housing units at an average density of 1,365.2 per square mile (538.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.29% White, 0.18% African American, 0.35% Asian, and 0.18% from two or more races.

There were 247 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,339, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $36,667 versus $19,712 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,687. About 9.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), West Elizabeth borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ History of Allegheny County Pennsylvania. pp. 82–84. 
  4. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". 1880 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Population-Pennsylvania". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee". Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  7. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.