West End Collegiate Church

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West End Collegiate Church
and Collegiate School
West End Collegiate Church 77 jeh.JPG
West End Collegiate Church is located in New York City
West End Collegiate Church
Location W. End Ave. and W. 77th St., New York, New York
Coordinates: 40°46′58″N 73°58′55″W / 40.78278°N 73.98194°W / 40.78278; -73.98194
Built 1892
Architect Robert W. Gibson
Architectural style Dutch-Flemish Renaissance Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 80002729[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 6, 1980
Designated NYCL January 11, 1967.

The West End Collegiate Church is a church on West End Avenue at 77th Street on Manhattan's Upper West Side. It is part of The Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in the City of New York, the oldest Protestant church with a continuing organization in America. The West End Collegiate Church and Collegiate School, which includes the adjacent Collegiate School is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

West End Collegiate was built as part of the rapid development of the Upper West Side in the late nineteenth century from country estates to an urban neighborhood of town houses and, later, apartment buildings. On October 16, 1890, the Consistory of the Collegiate Church instructed the "Committee on a new church site west of Central Park" to price several plots of land of a minimum size of seven lots. The Committee purchased four lots on West End Avenue and three lots on 77th Street for $89,000. A building committee was formed and construction began in 1891. The building was completed in the fall of 1892 and dedicated on November 20, 1892.[2] On November 19, 1892, The Reverend Henry Evertson Cobb of West Troy, New York was called to become the first minister of the Church.[3]

During World War II the church was a center for the Dutch refugee and relief effort; Princess Juliana of the Netherlands visited twice during the war.[4]

The church and collegiate school buildings together were designated a New York City Landmark in 1967 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[1]

The Vleeshal at the Grote Markt in Haarlem

Architecture[edit]

The church was designed by McKim Mead & White in Dutch Colonial style, a subset of the Renaissance revival style. Many buildings on West End Avenue and the upper West Side were being built in this style at that time.

Architect Robert W. Gibson designed the church following the design of the 1606 Vleeshal in Haarlem, the Netherlands. This building has the picturesque qualities of the Gothic, highly valued in the late nineteenth century and deemed especially appropriate to church architecture. Authenticity is enhanced by the choice of long, thin, brown bricks laid in Roman pattern, and by the generous use of quoins and blockings of buff terra cotta. The architect further enhanced the antique effect by inserting several handsome, terra cotta panels carved with the coats-of-arms of the church and of past benefactors. The large, octagonal pulpit is carved from oak. Its panels show the coat-of-arms of the Dutch Reformed Church and the great seal of the Church. The pulpit chairs are carved of oak in Old Dutch style. The stained glass windows were donated and created over the course of several decades; three are by Tiffany studios.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/html/WestEndColl.html
  3. ^ http://www.westendchurch.org/about-us/history
  4. ^ Streetscapes /West End Collegiate Church; Restoring a Distinctive Dutch-Style Building's Roof, Christopher Gray, New York Times, May 2, 1999, [1]

External links[edit]