West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana

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West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting West Feliciana Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Marie Felice de Gálvez
Seat St. Francisville
Largest town St. Francisville
Area
 • Total 426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Land 403 sq mi (1,044 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.3%
Population
 • (2010) 15,625
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

West Feliciana Parish (French: Paroisse de Feliciana Ouest) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,625.[1] The parish seat is St. Francisville.[2] The parish was established in 1824.[3]

Feliciana Parish was one of two 19th-century Louisiana parishes to be divided into East and West, the other being Carroll Parish.

West Feliciana Parish is part of the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Louisiana State Penitentiary is located in West Feliciana Parish in Angola.

History[edit]

Bayou Sara seen from the Mississippi, late 1840s; St. Francisville on the rise in the background.

Following the founding of the Bayou Sara settlement by Franciscan/Capuchin monks in the late 17th century, the area was explored further by Spain, France, and Great Britain. The original settlement is now under the Mississippi River, which shifted course.[citation needed]

After 1763 this part of Louisiana was claimed by Great Britain as part of its West Florida colony. However, Spain gained control of it in about 1780 -- during the American Revolutionary War -- and maintained its authority in the area for three decades. Then in 1810, the colonists, many of whom were of British descent, rebelled against the colonial regime and established the short-lived independent Republic of West Florida. Within a few months, the United States declared the area, today called the Florida Parishes, to be part of the territory included in the Louisiana Purchase. Feliciana Parish was established in 1810, in the Territory of Orleans, which in turn became the state of Louisiana two years later. In 1824, Feliciana Parish was divided into East Feliciana and West Feliciana Parishes.[3]

During the American Civil War, West Feliciana Parish provided financial assistance to the families of soldiers fighting for the Confederate States of America. Wives and children of soldiers were to receive from $10 to $40 per month, depending on family size.[4]

Since before the Civil War, West Feliciana had been historically Democratic in voter preference. In 1972, the year of Richard Nixon's reelection, West Feliciana was the only Louisiana parish to support the George McGovern and Sargent Shriver ticket.

Since 2000, parish voters have supported the Republican Party candidates in Presidential elections. That year Bush-Cheney polled 2,512 votes (55 percent), compared to 2,187 (45 percent) for Democrats Al Gore and Joe Lieberman. West Feliciana voters helped to reelect George W. Bush and Dick Cheney in 2004, with 2,932 (56 percent) to 2,214 (42 percent) over Democratic candidates John Kerry and John Edwards. Republicans John McCain and Sarah Palin won the parish in 2008, while losing the Presidential/Vice-Presidential contest to Democrats Barack Obama and Joe Biden.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 426 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 403 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.3%) is water.[5]

The parish is located on the Mississippi River, and is bordered by Pointe Coupee Parish to the west and East Feliciana Parish to the east.. The parish is about 30 miles (48 km) north of Baton Rouge, Louisiana and about 60 miles (97 km) south of Natchez, Mississippi.[6]

The area—including references to the loess soil and Louisiana State Penitentiary—is used by Walker Percy as the setting for his last novel, The Thanatos Syndrome.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes and counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 12,732
1830 8,629 −32.2%
1840 10,910 26.4%
1850 13,245 21.4%
1860 11,671 −11.9%
1870 10,499 −10.0%
1880 12,809 22.0%
1890 15,062 17.6%
1900 15,994 6.2%
1910 13,449 −15.9%
1920 12,303 −8.5%
1930 10,924 −11.2%
1940 11,720 7.3%
1950 10,169 −13.2%
1960 12,395 21.9%
1970 11,376 −8.2%
1980 12,186 7.1%
1990 12,915 6.0%
2000 15,111 17.0%
2010 15,625 3.4%
Est. 2013 15,444 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,625 people residing in the parish. 52.0% were White, 46.5% Black of African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 1.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 15,111 people, 3,645 households, and 2,704 families residing in the parish. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 4,485 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 48.63% White, 50.51% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,645 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the parish the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 40.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 191.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 223.60 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $39,667, and the median income for a family was $47,239. Males had a median income of $35,046 versus $21,922 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,201. About 15.00% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 23.40% of those age 65 or over.

In January 2007 the State of Louisiana estimated that 15,318 people lived in the parish, with 5,000 of them being prisoners at Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola).[6]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Louisiana State Penitentiary of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections is located in unincorporated West Feliciana Parish.[12]

Education[edit]

The entrance to the West Feliciana Parish Public Schools schools complex in Bains

West Feliciana Parish Public Schools serves the parish. All residents are zoned to Bains Lower Elementary School, Bains Elementary School, West Feliciana Middle School, and West Feliciana High School.[13] Tunica Elementary School, a parish elementary school, was closed after the parish school board voted to close the school in May 2011.[14]

The West Feliciana Parish Library is located in St. Francisville.[15] The library, previously a part of the Audubon Regional Library System, became independent in January 2004.[16]

The parish is in proximity to a community college, Louisiana State University and Southern University.[6]

Media[edit]

Founded in 1892, the St. Francisville Democrat was the parish's local newspaper and served as the official journal for the parish's governmental bodies. The paper, founded by W. W. Leake and his wife May, was originally called "The True Democrat." After Leake's death, May Leake married Elrie Robinson and they continued publication of the newspaper.[17] After May's death in the 1920s, Robinson remarried. The paper was later published by Elrie's son James M. Robinson, who sold it to Marilyn and David Goff in the 1970s. The newspaper was bought by Louisiana Suburban Press in 1979. Louisiana Suburban Press is part of Louisiana State Newspapers, owned by B.I Moody.

On October 1, 2014, the Democrat was sold by Louisiana State Newspapers to Capital City Press, Inc., owner of The Advocate (a major newspaper of Baton Rouge) and of other newspapers in the region. The last editor of the St. Francisville Democrat was M.W. Willis, widow of Hamilton Barrow Willis of (Avalon and Tanglewild plantations in) West Feliciana.

The Democrat ceased to be published as such; the news of the area is part of a "zoned" (localized) special section called The Advocate Extra - a section combining news from St. Helena, East Feliciana, and West Feliciana Parishes that debuted on October 9, 2014.

The Feliciana Explorer is an independent publication mailed to residents of East and West Feliciana. It is owned and published by Daniel Duggan, who also owns the Zachary Post.

Founded in 1976, The Angolite is a news magazine created and published at the Louisiana State Penitentiary.[18] Each year, it publishes six issues.[19]

Communities[edit]

Map of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

St. Francisville, the parish seat, is the sole incorporated city.

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "West Feliciana Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  4. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 74
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "West Feliciana Parish School System Profile." (Archive) West Feliciana Parish School System. 1. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Louisiana State Penitentiary." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 24, 2010.
  13. ^ "Schools." West Feliciana Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  14. ^ Rivas, Brittany. "West Feliciana board closes elementary school." WBRZ. May 18, 2007. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  15. ^ "Directory." West Feliciana Parish Library. Retrieved on September 29, 2010.
  16. ^ "About Us." West Feliciana Parish Library. Retrieved on September 29, 2010.
  17. ^ Butler, Anne (September 23, 2014). "Farewell to St. Francisville’s True Democrat and Welcome to The Advocate". Friends in St. Francisville, La. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "Rehabilitative Services / Work Programs." Louisiana State Penitentiary. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
  19. ^ ""Time in Prison", Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 34/40. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  20. ^ "Lawrason, Samuel McCutcheon". Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.com). Retrieved December 27, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°52′N 91°25′W / 30.87°N 91.42°W / 30.87; -91.42