West Fourth Street – Washington Square (New York City Subway)

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West Fourth Street – Washington Square
NYCS A NYCS B NYCS C NYCS D NYCS E NYCS F NYCS M
New York City Subway rapid transit station
W 4 St Upper SB.JPG
Station statistics
Address West Third Street & Sixth Avenue
New York, NY 10014
(main station entrance)
Borough Manhattan
Locale Greenwich Village
Coordinates 40°43′54″N 74°00′03″W / 40.731682°N 74.000945°W / 40.731682; -74.000945Coordinates: 40°43′54″N 74°00′03″W / 40.731682°N 74.000945°W / 40.731682; -74.000945
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Sixth Avenue Line
      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      B weekdays at all hours except late evenings and nights (weekdays at all hours except late evenings and nights)
      C all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      D all times (all times)
      E all times (all times)
      F all times (all times)
      M weekdays at all hours except late nights (weekdays at all hours except late nights)
Connection
Structure Underground
Levels 2
Platforms 4 island platforms (2 on each level)
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 8 (4 on each level)
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932; 82 years ago (1932-09-10)[1] (upper level)
December 15, 1940; 73 years ago (1940-12-15) (lower level)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 13,533,369[2] Increase 6.4%
Rank 20 out of 421
Station succession
Next north 14th Street (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights E all times
14th Street (6th Ave local): F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
34th Street – Herald Square (6th Ave express): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times
Next south Spring Street (8th Ave local): A late nights C all except late nights E all times
Canal Street (8th Ave express): A all except late nights
Broadway – Lafayette Street (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 14th Street (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights E all times
34th Street – Herald Square (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Next Handicapped/disabled access south World Trade Center (8th Ave local): no regular service
none; elevator at World Trade Center out of service: E all times
Fulton Street: A all times C all except late nights
Broadway – Lafayette Street (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.

West 4th Street Subway Station (IND)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000223[3]
Added to NRHP March 30, 2005

West Fourth Street – Washington Square is an express station and transfer stop on the IND Sixth Avenue and IND Eighth Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. It is served by:

  • A, D, E, and F trains at all times;
  • B and M trains on weekdays;
  • C train at all times except late nights

History[edit]

West Fourth Street opened on September 10, 1932, as part of the first line of the Independent Subway System (IND), the Eighth Avenue Line, from Chambers Street to Inwood – 207th Street. At the time, only the upper level was used, with service on the lower level beginning in January 1936 with a shuttle service to Second Avenue;[citation needed] through service on the Sixth Avenue local tracks began in December 1940. The Sixth Avenue express tracks were built later and were put into through service on November 27, 1967; prior to then, the express tracks here and at 34th Street – Herald Square were used as terminal tracks only.

The station was named West Fourth Street as opposed to merely Fourth Street because the planners of the Independent Subway System believed there would be confusion between this station and a proposed station on the never-built IND Second System at South Fourth Street in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.[4]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agents
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of Sixth Avenue and 3rd Street)
B2 Northbound local NYCS C toward 168th Street (NYCS A toward 207th Street late nights) (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
NYCS E toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express NYCS A toward 207th Street all except nights (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
Southbound express NYCS A toward Rockaway Park (PM rush hours), or Lefferts Boulevard or Mott Avenue (all except nights) (Canal Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local NYCS C toward Euclid Avenue (NYCS A toward Mott Avenue late nights) (Spring Street)
NYCS E toward World Trade Center (Spring Street)
B3 Mezzanine Transfer between directions/lines
B4 Northbound local NYCS F toward Jamaica – 179th Street (14th Street (Sixth Avenue))
NYCS M toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (14th Street (Sixth Avenue))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express NYCS B toward Bedford Park Boulevard rush hours, 145th Street other times (34th Street – Herald Square)
NYCS D toward Norwood – 205th Street (34th Street – Herald Square)
Southbound express NYCS B toward Brighton Beach (Broadway – Lafayette Street)
NYCS D toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via West End (Broadway – Lafayette Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local NYCS F toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via Culver (Broadway – Lafayette Street)
NYCS M toward Middle Village – Metropolitan Avenue (Broadway – Lafayette Street)

West Fourth Street station was built by the IND as the major transfer point between its two Manhattan trunk lines. It can be considered the "heart" of the IND system as it is the location of the zero point on the IND chaining. It is a bi-level station with a connecting concourse between the two platform levels. The Eighth Avenue Line occupies the upper level, while the Sixth Avenue Line uses the lower level. Both levels use identical platform arrangements – two island platforms between four tracks, allowing for cross-platform interchanges between local and express trains in each direction.

There are two fare control areas, one at each end of the station. Both lead directly to the Eighth Avenue Line on the upper level platforms; access to the Sixth Avenue Line on the lower level is via stairs or elevators from the upper level. Recent[when?] renovations have added ADA-accessible elevators, providing access to both levels and to the mezzanine. This massive station has only three exits despite its size, which illustrates the station's main purpose as a major transfer point between trains on both IND trunk lines. Furthermore, the station does not actually have an exit to Fourth Street itself. The northern exit is on the east side of 6th Avenue, north of Waverly Place. The southern exits are at West Third Street, on the east and west sides of 6th Avenue.

South of this station, at the curve from under Houston Street to Sixth Avenue on the IND Sixth Avenue Line (lower level), a bellmouth merges with the Queens-bound local track.[5]

Exits[edit]

  • NW corner of Sixth Avenue and Waverly Place
  • East side of Sixth Avenue north of Waverly Place
  • Handicapped/disabled access NE corner of Sixth Avenue and West Third Street (elevator and staircase)
  • West side of Sixth Avenue at West Third Street

Nearby points of interest[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Bokjeong Station—a station in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway that is also a large transfer point, but has few exits

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  3. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ Pollak, Michael (2008-09-12). "F. Y. I.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  5. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0Es5eOJe0E The provision for a line that was never built can be seen towards the left, at the 2:40 mark into the video, just before the train enters the West Fourth Street station.

External links[edit]

Media related to West Fourth Street – Washington Square (New York City Subway) at Wikimedia Commons