West Garo Hills district

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West Garo Hills district
West Garo
District of Meghalaya
Location of West Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of West Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Country India
State Meghalaya
Headquarters Tura, India
Government
 • Assembly seats 7
Area
 • Total 3,714 km2 (1,434 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 515,813
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 53%
Website Official website

West Garo Hills is an administrative district in Garo Hills of the state of Meghalaya in India. Tura town is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 3714 km² and has a population of 515,813 (as of 2001). As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7), after East Khasi Hills.[1]

West Garo Hills district is located at the westernmost part of Meghalaya. The district is bounded by East Garo Hills district on the east, by South Garo Hills district on the south-east, Goalpara district of Assam state on the north and north-west and Bangladesh on the south.

History[edit]

In October, 1976 the erstwhile Garo Hills district was bifurcated into two districts: West Garo Hills district and East Garo Hills district The ersthwile West Garo Hills district was further divided into two districts: the present day West Garo Hills district and South Garo Hills district in June, 1992.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named West Garo Hills one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Meghalaya currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

West Garo Hills district is divided into six blocks, after the creation of South West Garo Hills district :[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Dadenggiri Dadenggiri
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Dadenggiri.png
Dalu Dalu
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Dalu.png
Gambegre Gambegre
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Gambegre.png
Rongram Asananggiri
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Rongram.png
Selsella Selsella
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Selsella.png
Tikrikilla Tikrikilla
West Garo Hills Subdivisions Tikrikilla.png

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census West Garo Hills district has a population of 642,923,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro[4] or the US state of Vermont.[5] This gives it a ranking of 514th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 173 inhabitants per square kilometre (450/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.02%.[1] West Garo Hills has a sex ratio of 979 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 68.38%.[1]

Tura has a mixed population of Garos or Achiks (as they prefer to call themselves), Bengalis, Nepalis, Assamese, members of other ethnic groups such as the Hajong, Rabhas and Koches, Bodo and a fair sprinkling of South Indians in the Catholic Church, the teaching profession and the paramilitary forces.

Languages[edit]

Languages in West Garo include A'Tong, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by 10 000 people in Bangladesh and India.[6]

Culture[edit]

Places of Interest[edit]

Some places of interest in Garo Hills are Siju Cave, Nokrek Peak, Siju Bird Sanctuary, Imilsang Dare falls, Sosibibra and Rongdong falls.

Some places worth visiting in West Garo Hills are 1. Bhaitbari / Wadagokgre Excavation Site, 2. Pelga Waterfalls, 3. Tura Peak Range, 4. Nokrek Peak, 5. Nokpante Institution, 6. Typical Garo Villages and many others.

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1986 West Garo Hills district, along with its sister districts South and East Garo Hills, became home to Nokrek National Park. The park has an area of 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English) (PDF). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (Map). http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/maps/administrative_maps/MEGHALAYA.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741 
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  7. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Meghalaya". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°31′00″N 90°13′00″E / 25.5167°N 90.2167°E / 25.5167; 90.2167