West Gloucestershire (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Gloucestershire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Gloucestershire
19501997
Number of members One
Replaced by Forest of Dean, Tewkesbury
Created from Forest of Dean
18321885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency County constituency
Created from Gloucestershire

West Gloucestershire was a parliamentary constituency in Gloucestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

It was created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832 general election as a 2-seat constituency (i.e. electing two Members of Parliament). It was abolished for the 1885 general election.

A new single-member West Gloucestershire constituency, covering a smaller area, was created for the 1950 general election. It was abolished for the 1997 general election.

History[edit]

1950 to 1997[edit]

The 1950 to 1997 single-member constituency was held by the Labour Party from its creation in 1950 until 1979 and then held by the Conservative Party until its abolition.

Boundaries[edit]

1832 to 1885[edit]

The constituency was the western division of the historic county of Gloucestershire, in South West England.

The place of election was the small town of Dursley. This was where the hustings were situated and electors voted (by spoken declaration in public, before the secret ballot was introduced in 1872).

The qualification to vote in county elections, in the period, was to be a 40 shilling freeholder.

The parliamentary borough constituencies of Cheltenham, Cirencester, Gloucester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury were all located in East Gloucestershire. Qualified freeholders from those boroughs could vote in the eastern county division. Bristol was a "county of itself", so its freeholders qualified to vote in the borough, not in a county division.

There were no electors qualified to vote in the western division, because they were freehold owners of land in a parliamentary borough.

1950 to 1997[edit]

1974-1983:

1983-1997:

The constituency in this period was a smaller part of the county of Gloucestershire than its nineteenth century namesake. It was centred around the Forest of Dean, and indeed the majority of the constituency at abolition formed the new Forest of Dean constituency. About a fifth of the constituency moved to Tewkesbury, with 735 constituents moving to Gloucester.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[2] 1st Party 2nd Member[2] 2nd Party
1832 Hon. Grantley Berkeley Whig Hon. Augustus Moreton Whig
1835 The Marquess of Worcester [3] Conservative
1836 by-election [4] Robert Blagden Hale Conservative
1852 Robert Kingscote [5] Whig
1857 Sir John Rolt [6] Conservative
1859 Liberal
1867 by-election [7] Edward Arthur Somerset Conservative
1868 Samuel Marling Liberal
1874 Hon. Randal Plunkett Conservative
1880 Lord Moreton Liberal
1885 by-election [8] Benjamin St John Ackers Conservative
1885 constituency abolished

MPs 1950–1997[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1950 Morgan Philips Price Labour
1959 Charles Loughlin Labour
Oct 1974 John Watkinson Labour
1979 Paul Marland Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Forest of Dean and Tewkesbury

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Gloucestershire West[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Marland 29,232 43.6 −2.7
Labour Mrs DM Organ 24,274 36.2 +8.4
Liberal Democrat Mrs JE Boait 13,366 19.9 −6.1
British Independent A Reeve 172 0.3 +0.3
Twenty First Century CR Palmer 75 0.1 +0.1
Majority 4,958 7.4 −11.1
Turnout 67,119 83.8 +2.7
Conservative hold Swing −5.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1987: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Marland 29,257 46.2
Labour P.E. Sandland-Nielson 17,758 27.8
Social Democrat John Watkinson 16,440 26.0
Majority 11,679 18.4
Turnout 81.1
United Kingdom general election, 1983: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Marland 27,092 45.8
Social Democrat John Watkinson 17,440 29.5
Labour MJ Hodkinson 14,572 24.7
Majority 9,652 16.3
Turnout 79.6

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1979: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Marland 28,183 47.9
Labour John Watkinson 24,009 40.8
Liberal M Joachim 6,370 10.8
National Front G Storkey 270 0.5
Majority 4,174 7.1
Turnout 83.9
United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Watkinson 22,481 41.7
Conservative Paul Marland 22,072 41.0
Liberal AL MacGregor 9,353 17.3
Majority 409 0.8
Turnout 80.1
United Kingdom general election, February 1974: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,765 40.7
Conservative Paul Marland 21,141 37.8
Liberal AL MacGregor 11,856 21.2
Independent SS Hart 171 0.3
Majority 1,624 2.9
Turnout 83.9
United Kingdom general election, 1970: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,637 46.1
Conservative SHAF Hopkins 21,530 43.8
Liberal JA Svendsen 4,932 10.1
Majority 1,107 2.2
Turnout 77.0

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1966: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Loughlin 23,181 51.7
Conservative SHAF Hopkins 15,476 34.6
Liberal KG Harvey 6,137 13.7
Majority 7,705 17.2
Turnout 78.0
United Kingdom general election, 1964: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,420 49.9
Conservative D St. P Barnard 15,300 34.1
Liberal RA Cook 7,191 16.0
Majority 7,120 15.8
Turnout 79.6

Elections in 1950s[edit]

United Kingdom general election, 1959: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Loughlin 21,634 49.4
Conservative OKL Lloyd-Baker 16,223 37.1
Liberal EJ Radley 5,921 15.3
Majority 5,411 12.4
Turnout 80.8
United Kingdom general election, 1951: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Morgan Philips Price 24,334 58.0
Conservative A Russell 17,665 42.0
Majority 6,679 15.9
Turnout 82.3
United Kingdom general election, 1950: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Morgan Philips Price 22,765 54.8
Conservative Granger F Boston 13,664 32.9
Liberal Harold Basil Houldsworth 5,125 12.3
Majority 9,101 21.9
Turnout 82.3

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.220 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995).
  2. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Succeeded as the 7th Duke of Beaufort, in November 1835.
  4. ^ 2 January 1836 by-election.
  5. ^ Joined the Liberal Party, when it was formally created following the 1859 general election. Appointed Commissioner of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues in 1885.
  6. ^ Appointed Attorney General and knighted in 1866. Appointed Judge of the Court of Appeal in Chancery in 1867.
  7. ^ 25 July 1867 by-election.
  8. ^ 12 March 1885 by-election.
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973))
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)