West Ham (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of West Ham in Greater London.
|Electorate||86,400 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||West Ham, Forest Gate, Plaistow, Stratford, Maryland and Upton Park|
|Member of Parliament||Lyn Brown (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Newham North West, Newham South|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
As such constituency has ten wards:
- Canning Town North, Canning Town South, Custom House, Forest Gate North, Forest Gate South, Green Street West, Plaistow North, Plaistow South, Stratford and New Town, and West Ham.
- History of boundaries
The boundary changes that took effect at the May 2010 election expanded the constituency by adding Canning Town from the Poplar and Canning Town constituency, whilst losing Silvertown to East Ham. The boundary with the East Ham constituency was modified to align with local government ward boundaries.
The seat was created in 1997 by the fourth periodic review (following the first such review in 1945), undertaken by the Boundary Commission, from portions of the Newham North West and Newham South seats.
- Political history
The area's elections to date, including both forerunner seats have returned safe majorities for the Labour Party since the last Conservatives for smaller, denser divisions from 1931-1935;[n 3] going back further West Ham South had in 1892 sent Keir Hardie to the Commons who co-founded the party.
Banks held this seat at the 2001 general election with nearly 70% of the vote and a local record majority of 53.5% of the vote.
The 2010 result, not only on the notional result, accommodating boundary changes, but also on predecessor-successor seat analysis shows that the main beneficiary of the runner-up Respect vote, as they did not have a candidate in that year, was the Labour candidate.
- Prominent frontbenchers
Helped by proximity to the City of London and exporting businesses in areas such as Hackney, Shoreditch and the Thames Gateway, the area is only gradually recovering in terms of employment rates from the deep East End decline, particularly decline of the dockers' industry here of the 1950s to the 1980s, with an immediate boost on the 2010 creation of the London Olympic Village and Park. Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 7.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian but not the highest in London. Within this figure is a skew toward male unemployment which was at 9.8%
The constituency has been one of the fastest growing in the 21st century - in 2006 it was the second largest constituency of all, with only the Isle of Wight having more voters. The neighbouring constituency of East Ham was the third largest constituency.
- Distinctive demographics
By the time of the 2001 census,[n 4] people who identified with the ethnicity of white made up 44.1% of the population and 35.3% of residents were born outside the UK, and in the 2011 census the borough saw an increase in those of mixed colour ethnicity, at 4.6% and saw the lowest proportion of people of solely white ethnicity at 29.0%, the figure for those of black ethnicity had fallen to 19.6%, and those of South Asian ethnicity had risen to 43.5% of the population.
In terms of religion the British Asian population is more than 50% Muslim in this constituency. By the time of the 2005 General Election, only seven of the 646 constituencies had more Muslims than West Ham. Respect (later led by Salma Yaqoob fielded a candidate for the 2005 election, hoping to benefit from opposition to the Iraq war; in the end this was not enough to unseat Labour's replacement for Banks, Lyn Brown, but Respect managed to take nearly 20% of the vote.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: West Ham|
|Labour||Lyn Brown||29,422||62.7||+10.9[n 5]|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Pierce||5,392||11.5||+1.3|
|Christian Peoples||Stan Gain||1,327||2.8||+1.7|
|National Front||Michael Davidson||1,089||2.3||N/A|
|Green||Jane A. Lithgow||645||1.4||−1.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: West Ham|
|Conservative||Chris L. Whitbread||3,618||11.7||−4.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Alexandra E. Sugden||3,364||10.9||+3.5|
|Green||Miss Jane A. Lithgow||894||2.9||−1.2|
|Christian Peoples||Stephen C. Hammond||437||1.4||N/A|
|UKIP||Henry E.B. Mayhew||409||1.3||−0.9|
|General Election 2001: West Ham|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul J. Fox||2,166||7.4||+0.0|
|Green||Mrs. Jackie M. Chandler-Oatts||1,197||4.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: West Ham|
|Conservative||Mark C. McGregor||5,037||15.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Samantha L.C. McDonough||2,479||7.4||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Toby Jug||300||0.9||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Jonathan P. Rainbow||116||0.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Upton and West Ham South
- In the 1991 census just over 43% of residents were non-white.
- Percentages are notional (based on extrapolation from combining two whole constituency results overlaid onto the redrawn constituency), with the Canning Town vote therefore deemed to be slightly stronger towards Labour rather than the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties than in the non-identical seat in 2005.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Boundary Commission for England, p183
- "West Ham profile, BBC Vote 2001, accessed 25 January 2010". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- 2011 census interactive maps
- "UK polling report". UK polling report. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- Casciani, Dominic (2005-05-06). "Muslim vote shifts against Labour, BBC Vote 2005". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]