West Herzegovina Canton

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West Herzegovina Canton


Županija Zapadnohercegovačka[1]
Županija Zapadnohercegovačka (hr)
Zapadnohercegovački kanton (bs)
Canton
Flag of West Herzegovina Canton
Flag
Coat of arms of West Herzegovina Canton
Coat of arms
Location of the West Herzegovina County
Location of the West Herzegovina County
Coordinates: 43°24′N 17°25′E / 43.400°N 17.417°E / 43.400; 17.417
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Governmental centre Široki Brijeg
Municipalities
Government
 • Head of canton Zdenko Ćosić (HDZ BiH)
Area
 • Total 1,362,2 km2 (5,259 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)[2]
 • Total 97,893
 • Density 71,86/km2 (18,610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code BA-08
Website http://www.vladazzh.com/

The West Herzegovina Canton, officially the County of West Herzegovina[1] (Croatian: Županija Zapadnohercegovačka)[1] is one of the cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The West Herzegovina Canton is in the Herzegovina region in the southwest of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its seat of government is in Široki Brijeg, while other municipalities within the Canton are Grude, Ljubuški and Posušje. The West Herzegovina Canton is one of the most developed and richest cantons. It has 81,414 inhabitants, of whom an absolute majority are Croats.

Administration[edit]

The Government of the West Herzegovina Canton is located in Široki Brijeg and has seven ministries:[3]

  • Ministry of Internal Affairs
  • Ministry of Justice and Administration
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Planning, Construction and Environment
  • Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports
  • Ministry of Healthcare, Work and Welfare
  • Ministry of Veterans

Economy[edit]

This region, as well as the entire West Herzegovina, was before the war one of the poorest regions in BiH. Today it is one of the richest.[4] The entrepreneurial spirit is also present in the West Herzegovina Canton, which has enabled high employment. The majority of entrepreneurs are in the catering industry, but a significant number of entrepreneurs are involved in a successful production[clarification needed].[5]

Despite the canton's small area, its agricultural sector is important. In the canton, 30,000 ha (120 sq miles) is used for agriculture; 84,000 ha (320 sq miles) is forest. Around 6,000 ha of arable land is below 100 metres in altitude. The Canton has a strong potential for the production of vegetables, fruit and wine. The Canton has meat and milk processing plants.[5]

Geography and population[edit]

Geography[edit]

West Herzegovina Canton is located in the Herzegovina region of south west Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has Čvrsnica mountain to the north, Croatia to the west and south, and the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton to the east. The area of the Canton is 1,363 km²[6] (526 sq miles).

The canton has three rivers: Lištica, Trebižat and Ričina, and the Blidinje Lake. Its highest peak is Pločno on the Čvrsnica mountain, 2,228 metres.[6]

Population[edit]

Government seat in Široki Brijeg

The West Herzegovina Canton has 81,414 inhabitants, according to 2011 data. The vast majority of the population (98%) are Croats.[6] The largest municipality is Široki Brijeg with 26,304 inhabitants, followed by Ljubuški with 23,634, Posušje with 15,994 and Grude with 15,428.

According to the 1999 estimate, Široki Brijeg had 29,530 inhabitants, of whom[7] there were:

  • Croats, 29,439 (99.69%)
  • Serbs, 80 (0.27%)
  • Bosniaks, 11 (0.04%)

On the 1991 census, the municipality of Ljubuški had 28,340 inhabitants:

  • Croats, 26,127 (92.19%)
  • Bosniaks, 1,592 (5.61%)
  • Yugoslavs, 227 (0.80%)
  • Serbs, 65 (0.22)
  • others, 92 (0.35%)

According to the 1991 census, the municipality of Posušje had 17,134 inhabitants:

  • Croats 16,963 (99.00%)
  • Yugoslavs, 26 (0.15%)
  • Serbs, 9 (0.05%)
  • Bosniaks, 6 (0.03%)
  • others, 130 (0.76%)

According to the 1991 census, the municipality of Grude had 16,358 inhabitants:

  • Croats, 16,210 (99.09%)
  • Serbs, 9 (0.05%)
  • Yugoslavs, 5 (0.03%)
  • Bosniaks, 4 (0.02%)
  • others, 130 (0.79%)

Official holidays[edit]

According to local laws[8] the official holidays (non-working days) in the county are :

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ministry of Economy of the County of West Herzegovina From the Constitution of county: The official name of the county is County of West Herzegovina
  2. ^ "First release". Federal Office of Statistics, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. June 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Ministarstva" (in Croatian). Government of the West Herzegovina Canton. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Bakula: Nemamo izbora - smanjit ćemo plaće
  5. ^ a b "Poljoprivreda". Government of the West Herzegovina Canton. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "Općenito o Županiji" (in Croatian). Government of the West Herzegovina Canton. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Demografska slika" (in Croatian). Official site of Široki Brijeg. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  8. ^ http://uip-zzh.com/uip-zzh.com/files/zakoni/rad/9-04.pdf

Coordinates: 43°24′N 17°25′E / 43.400°N 17.417°E / 43.400; 17.417