West Lafayette, Ohio

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West Lafayette, Ohio
Village
Location of West Lafayette, Ohio
Location of West Lafayette, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°16′26″N 81°45′3″W / 40.27389°N 81.75083°W / 40.27389; -81.75083Coordinates: 40°16′26″N 81°45′3″W / 40.27389°N 81.75083°W / 40.27389; -81.75083
Country United States
State Ohio
County Coshocton
Government
 • Mayor Jack L. Patterson
Area[1]
 • Total 0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Land 0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,321
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,307
 • Density 2,607.9/sq mi (1,006.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43845
Area code(s) 740
Website http://www.westlafayettevillage.com/

West Lafayette is a village in Coshocton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,321 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

West Lafayette was laid out in 1850 by Robert Shaw and William Wheeler.[4][5] In 1855, the Steubenville and Indiana Railroad was built through the new town. The line became known as the Panhandle Route and was operated in the Pennsylvania Railroad[6] system and currently by the Columbus and Ohio River Railroad (Ohio Central Railroad System). Tragedy struck this track on September 11, 1950 when the crack passenger train "Spirit of St. Louis (train)" hit another train carrying 600 men of the 109th Field Artillery Battalion of the Pennsylvania National Guard.[7] 33 men were killed. A memorial was placed near the site of the accident in 1990. A 105mm howitzer is at the memorial also, commemorating the manufacture of 105mm shells at Moore Enamelling across the tracks during WWII.

The village was once known as the "Enamel Center of the World".[8] Before plastics were invented, steel vessels covered with a ceramic called enamelware were the norm in American homes. In 1903 the Lafayette Stamping and Enameling Co. was founded. Moore Enameling and Jones Metal also manufactured enamelware. Jones Metal remains. Another industry is Yankee Wire, manufacturer of wire screens.

The West Lafayette Homecoming was begun in 1950 and continues today as the "Hometown Festival."[9]

Geography[edit]

West Lafayette is located at 40°16′26″N 81°45′3″W / 40.27389°N 81.75083°W / 40.27389; -81.75083 (40.273956, -81.750857).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.89 square miles (2.31 km2), all of it land.[1]

The village is built upon a level plain in the Tuscarawas River valley and is surrounded by forested hills and agricultural valleys. The Ohio Central Railroad passes through the town. Immediately north of the village is U.S. Route 36. Both of these are major arteries connecting Columbus with points east.

The aquifer under the village is the site of a well documented trichloroethylene (TCE) plume. In 2009 this TCE plume was the first location where Osorb swelling glass materials were used for remediation.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,321 people, 948 households, and 642 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,607.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,006.9 /km2). There were 1,033 housing units at an average density of 1,160.7 per square mile (448.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 948 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the village was 39.1 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 17.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,313 people, 909 households, and 616 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,503.4 people per square mile (1,353.1/km²). There were 990 housing units at an average density of 1,499.5 per square mile (579.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.53% White, 0.22% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.26% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.35% of the population.

There were 909 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $29,870, and the median income for a family was $38,333. Males had a median income of $29,205 versus $20,341 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,913. About 5.7% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Tri-City Airport is a public use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) southeast of the central business district of West Lafayette.[12]

2014 veteran animal controversy[edit]

In 2014, the village charged an Iraq veteran named Darin Welker with a violation for owning 14 ducks that Welker used as emotional support animals for therapy for injuries he sustained in in the Iraq War in 2005. The mental health department of the U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs gave Welker a written medical recommendation to in favor of owning the animals.[13][a][b]

Notable natives[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to the National Service Animal Registry: "An emotional support animal (ESA) is an animal that has been prescribed for a person by his/her licensed therapist (a licensed mental health professional) in a properly formatted letter. This letter should state that the person is determined to be emotionally or psychiatrically disabled and that the presence of the animal is necessary for the disabled person's mental health."[14]
  2. ^ In 2008, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development published a new federal rule that clarified the rights of the owners of emotional support animals with regards to federal housing law.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ Graham, Albert Adams (1881). History of Coshocton County, Ohio: Its Past and Present, 1740-1881. A. A. Graham. p. 537. 
  5. ^ Hunt, William Ellis (1876). Historical Collections of Coshocton County, Ohio. R. Clarke & Company. p. 5. 
  6. ^ Mangus, Michael; Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Ohio Encyclopedia. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 573. ISBN 978-1-878592-68-2. 
  7. ^ "Remembering the young men who died," Coshocton Tribune, Sept. 11,2009
  8. ^ The 1985 History of Coshocton County Ohio, page 23
  9. ^ "New queens crowned at West Lafayette Hometown Festival," Coshocton Tribune, August 7, 2009
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 80G (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
  13. ^ Snyder, Kate (21 July 2014). "Ohio town says Iraq vet's 14 therapy ducks not allowed". KSDK (West Lafayette, Ohio: Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc.). Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Animal Service Type Definitions". National Service Animal Registry. Woodland Park, Colorado. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Pet Ownership for the Elderly and Persons With Disabilities; Final Rule". Federal Register (United States Department of Housing and Urban Development) 73 (208): 63834–63838. October 2008.