West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of West Lancashire in Lancashire.
Location of Lancashire within England.
|Electorate||73,028 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Rosie Cooper (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Ormskirk and Ince|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
The constituency covers the borough of the same name except for the northern parishes[n 3], which are in the South Ribble constituency. The main towns in the constituency are the historic market town of Ormskirk and the new town of Skelmersdale. The third largest settlement is Burscough which is also surrounded by rural townships and villages and is close to the resort of Southport, just outside of the modern administrative county.
Since 1997 the seat has electoral wards:
- Ashurst, Aughton and Downholland, Aughton Park, Bickerstaffe, Birch Green, Burscough East and West wards, Derby, Digmoor, Halsall, Knowsley, Moorside, Newburgh, Parbold, Scarisbrick, Scott, Skelmersdale North, Skelmersdale South, Tanhouse, Upholland, and Wrightington in the West Lancashire District.
- History of Boundaries
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which resulted in no changes for the General Election 2010.
- Proposed Abolition
As part of the nationwide Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which commenced in 2011, the Boundary Commission for England recommends no change to the West Lancashire seat.
The seat was established under the third periodic review of Westminster constituencies of 1983 following the first such review, after the Representation of the People Act 1918, in 1945. The new seat took in parts of the former ones of Ormskirk[n 4] and Ince.
- Political History
Both forerunner seats were last represented by Labour MPs, with Ince having been served by only four such members since 1906, however with Ormskirk having a mixed and longer history as a more marginal seat.
The first member, Ken Hind held the seat for two terms and was a Conservative, winning the first election in the landslide Conservative result of 1983. In 1992 the seat was won by Colin Pickthall of the Labour Party who then gained a majority of 17,119 votes in 1997 and was succeeded by Rosie Cooper in 2005. The 2010 result was more marginal, a 9.0% majority, but not within the 50 most narrowly won seats for Cooper's party.
As outlined in geography in the boundaries section above, the seat is primarily green-buffered settlements. West Lancashire is home to a significant proportion of those working at managerial and professional levels and an above average retired age quotient, as such the local economy is allied to the international successes of nearby industrial and world trading sectors, primarily Liverpool and its trading estates in Merseyside as well as the economy of Greater Manchester. Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 3.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: West Lancashire|
|Liberal Democrat||John Gibson||6,573||13.6||−0.5|
|Clause 28||David Braid||217||0.4||−0.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: West Lancashire|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Kemp||6,059||14.0||+2.4|
|English Democrats||Stephen Garrett||525||1.2||N/A|
|Clause 28||David Braid||292||0.7||0.0|
|General Election 2001: West Lancashire|
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Thornton||4,966||11.6||+4.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: West Lancashire|
|Conservative||Chris J. Varley||15,903||29.1||−14.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Arthur R. Wood||3,938||7.2||−0.4|
|Referendum Party||Michael Carter||1,025||1.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||John D. Collins||449||0.8||+0.3|
|General Election 1992: West Lancashire|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter F. Reilly||4,884||7.6||−7.2|
|Green||Philip J. Pawley||546||0.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||Bevin H. Morris||336||0.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: West Lancashire|
|Social Democrat||Robert Jermyn||8,972||14.8||−5.2|
|General Election 1983: West Lancashire|
|Social Democrat||Andrew D. Sackville||10,983||20.0||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Tarleton, Rufford, Hesketh Bank and North Meols
- Its MPs had included twice Prime Minister Harold Wilson (Lab) (1945–1950) and Robert Kilroy-Silk (1974–1983) (after 1983 Kilroy-Silk won the western successor to the Ormskirk seat, Knowsley North).
Somewhat marginal, Ormkirk was served by four Conservatives in the intervening years.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Lancashire provisional recommendations Boundary Commission for England
- General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
- 2011 Census
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.