West Liberty, Iowa

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West Liberty, Iowa
City
Downtown West Liberty, Iowa
Downtown West Liberty, Iowa
Motto: Community of Opportunity
Location of West Liberty, Iowa
Location of West Liberty, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°34′17″N 91°15′40″W / 41.57139°N 91.26111°W / 41.57139; -91.26111Coordinates: 41°34′17″N 91°15′40″W / 41.57139°N 91.26111°W / 41.57139; -91.26111
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Muscatine
Government
 • Mayor Robert Hartman
Area[1]
 • Total 1.74 sq mi (4.51 km2)
 • Land 1.74 sq mi (4.51 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,736
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,730
 • Density 2,147.1/sq mi (829.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52776
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-84315
GNIS feature ID 0462879

West Liberty is a city in Muscatine County, Iowa, United States. The population was 3,736 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Muscatine Micropolitan Statistical Area.

West Liberty is located 5 miles south of Interstate 80 on Historic Highway 6. It is a racially and culturally diverse city, and boasts technological and educational opportunities often found only in large, urban areas. The city is home to the West Liberty Raceway, located in the Muscatine County Fairgrounds. The Muscatine County Fair takes place in West Liberty in July of each year.

History[edit]

West Liberty was incorporated in 1868. The town was located at the junction of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific and Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railroads.[4]

Geography[edit]

West Liberty is located at 41°34′17″N 91°15′40″W / 41.571517°N 91.261229°W / 41.571517; -91.261229 (41.571517, -91.261229).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.74 square miles (4.51 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1880 1,141 —    
1890 1,268 +11.1%
1900 1,690 +33.3%
1910 1,666 −1.4%
1920 1,834 +10.1%
1930 1,679 −8.5%
1940 1,802 +7.3%
1950 1,866 +3.6%
1960 2,042 +9.4%
1970 2,296 +12.4%
1980 2,723 +18.6%
1990 2,935 +7.8%
2000 3,332 +13.5%
2010 3,736 +12.1%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,736 people, 1,251 households, and 890 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,147.1 inhabitants per square mile (829.0 /km2). There were 1,316 housing units at an average density of 756.3 per square mile (292.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 23.3% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.2% of the population.

There were 1,251 households of which 43.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.48.

The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 29.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,332 people, 1,150 households, and 801 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,136.4 people per square mile (824.7/km2). There were 1,195 housing units at an average density of 766.2 per square mile (295.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.20% White, 0.30% African American, 0.42% Native American, 3.54% Asian, 25.00% from other races, and 3.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.49% of the population.

There were 1,150 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.46.

29.8% are under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,925, and the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $29,963 versus $24,306 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,420. About 4.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

West Liberty is home to two major employers: The West Liberty Community School District[7] and West Liberty Foods. West Liberty Foods is a producer of turkey products that has a meat processing facility as well as its corporate headquarters in the city. Agriculture, housing development, and agribusiness are a major factor in the local economy. The West Liberty Industrial Park is located on the south side of the city. In 2005, the Chamber of Commerce[8] and the City of West Liberty undertook the initiative to improve area economic development with the foundation of We Lead.[9] We Lead is a non-profit organization that partners with the City of West Liberty and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach in carrying out their mission.

Downtown Revitalization[edit]

West Liberty's Downtown Commercial Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places in Muscatine County, Iowa. A Downtown Task Force meets regularly to discuss the issues and needs for the downtown area. This task force works in partnership with We Lead to envision revitalization projects and implement them when possible. Recent projects include the adoption of the International Property Maintenance Code for aging downtown buildings and the establishment of a revolving loan fund for structural improvements and scholarships for facades. We Lead has begun to implement The Art-Full Community Project as a prototype for a business incubator; businesses in West Liberty display artwork, artists sell their work and donate part of the proceeds to a community economic development fund. Part of this community fund also benefits the downtown area.

Education[edit]

The West Liberty Community School District (WLCSD) consists of elementary, middle, and high schools. Construction of a new high school was completed in 2004. The school district serves over 1220 students with a student/teacher ratio of 11/1. West Liberty High School was ranked Eighth (#8) Best High School in Iowa,[10] according to the US News "Best High Schools 2013 Rankings."[11]

Dual Language Program[edit]

"The West Liberty Elementary, Middle School, and High School are all International Spanish Academies (ISAs)".[12] which offer students the opportunity to earn one of the Diplomas de Español como Lengua Extranjera awarded by the Instituto Cervantes. International Spanish Academies are recognized by the Ministry of Education and the Government of Spain. The WLCSD Dual Language Program allows students to take all of their classes in both Spanish and English, increasing their bilingual skills and their understanding of another culture through language immersion. Students enter the program in pre-kindergarten and parents make a commitment on behalf of their child and themselves to participate in the program through fifth grade.

The WLCSD Dual Language Program was the first of its kind in the State of Iowa. It began in the fall of 1997 when the district received a five-year $1.7 million Federal Title VII grant from the United States Department of Education. After a year of planning and model analysis, the program was implemented in the fall of 1998 at the pre-kindergarten and kindergarten grade levels. From 1999 through 2002, the district added grade levels as the first class advanced through each grade.[13] In the spring of 2011, the first graduating class of Seniors marked the final establishment of the dual language program in all K-12 grade levels.

Community Engagement[edit]

West Liberty has a long history of community engagement and volunteerism. Many community service organizations are active within the community, including the local Lion's Club, Rotary Club, West Liberty Area Arts Council,[14] P.E.O, and Aquarius Club.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Richman, Irving Berdine (1911). History of Muscatine County, Iowa: From the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 226. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "West Liberty Community School District". Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "West Liberty Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "We Lead: West Liberty Area Economic Development". Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "West Liberty High School". U.S. News. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Best High Schools in Iowa". U. S. News. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "WLCSD Dual Language Program Philosophy". Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "History of the West Liberty Dual Language Program". Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "West Liberty Area Arts Council". Retrieved February 5, 2014.