West London Mental Health NHS Trust
West London Mental Healthcare NHS Trust (WLMHT) was established 1 October 2000.
The headquarters is in St. Bernard's Hospital Building. HQ[›] This is on the south side of the Uxbridge Road between the towns of Southall and Hanwell and 8½ miles west from London, in the Southall district of the London Borough of Ealing, Greater London, England.
With its duties spread across some 32 geographical sites, it employs over 4,300 people, treating more than 20,000 people each year. Due to its larger remit there are nine Directors, and eight Non-Executive Directors. Currently the Trust management is exploring the possibility of becoming a NHS equivalent Foundation Trust (eFt).
|Trust name||West London Mental Healthcare NHS Trust|
|Psychiatric ICU present?||Yes|
|Adolescent Secure present?||Yes- male|
|Local Secure present?||Yes|
|Medium Secure present?||Yes- male; Yes- female|
|High Secure available?||No, but available off-site at (Broadmoor) B[›]|
|No. of employees||~ 3,800|
|In patients||See: for each unit|
|History of St. Bernard's|
|Key dates||* Opened 16 May 1832.
* Present Trust established 1 October 2000
|Website||West London Mental Health NHS Trust|
|Wiki-Links||National Health Service
List of UK Hospitals
- Middlesex County Asylum, Hanwell (1831–1889)
- London County Asylum, Hanwell (1889–1917)
- London County Mental Hospital (1918–1928)
- Hanwell Mental Hospital (1929–1937)
- St Bernard's Hospital (1938–1980)
- Psychiatric Unit (1980–1992) – part of a re-organized complex of divisions on same site and called Ealing Hospital with a central corporate body.
- West London Mental Healthcare (NHS) Trust. (1992–1999)
- Ealing, Hammersmith & Fulham Mental Health (NHS) Trust (1999–2001)
- West London Mental Health NHS Trust (2001–present) L[›]
Main article Hanwell Asylum
Here the first superintendent Dr (later Sir) William & Mrs Mildred Ellis who were so much impressed with Moral therapy and humane treatment they saw offered to people suffering Mental disorders at the Quaker Asylum in York that they both imposed these methods on the staff at Hanwell. This was as such the very first large scale experiment. The second superintendent brought mechanical restraints – as a form of treatment – back. The third superintendent Dr John Conolly against stiff opposition backed up with much vitriol, took the example further, and did away with all mechanical restraints. To the surprise and disbelieve of many he found, like the Ellises before, that bedlam diminished, behaviour became less defensive and cooperation improved dramatically, and many recovered or much improved. This event added to his other pioneering work such as developing proper diets and conditions for his patients and battles to set up regular training lecture specialising in mental health, for doctor training, all led to him receiving world wide recognition.
Broadmoor high secure hospital: In order to end the isolation suffered by the high secure services from the rest of the NHS, the Health Act 1999 was passed, allowing NHS Trusts to provide for these. sth[›] After a three month consultation in the early part of the following year it was agreed that the high secure services based at Broadmoor and those provided by the Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham Mental Health NHS Trust should be combined into one organisation. This created the existing West London Mental Health NHS Trust, which took over governance in 2001.
Local services division
- Cassel Hospital
- Charing Cross (levels 3, 4 & 9)
- Elderly Mentally Ill (Dove ward)
- St Bernard's site.
- The Limes.
Forensic services division
November 2004: A new directorate: the Woman's Secure Services was created. This was to separate the medium secure women's facilities from the Broadmoor high secure site and relocate them on the Ealing site.
- The Paddock Center (70 bed) – Dangerous Severe Personality Disorder (DSDP) at Broadmoor. Hospital, Crowthorne in Berkshire. Pad[›]
- Broadmoor Hospital (300 bed) – Men's High Secure unit at Crowthorne in Berkshire. O-b[›]
- The Orchard (60 bed) – (Women's Enhanced Medium Secure Unit) at Ealing site. O-a[›]
- The Three Bridges (Men's Regional Secure Unit) at Ealing site.
- The Tony Hillis Wing – (Men's Local Secure Unit) at Ealing site.
- The Wells Unit (10 bed) – Adolescent Secure Unit at Ealing site.
On 1 October 2008 the trust was reorganized with the creation of 5 Service Delivery Units (SDU's) to replace the 18 previous directorates. The same central cooperate body was retained in this reorganisation. The five SDU's are:
- Hammersmith & Fulham (including gender identity clinic)
- High secure services
- Hounslow (including the Cassel hospital at Richmond in Surrey)
- West London forensic
WLMHT either run or provide services at the following sites:
- Avenue House CMHRC 43–47 Avenue Road W3 8NJ
- Barb Mews 10 Barb Mews, London W6 7PA
- Brentford, Isleworth & Chiswick CMHT: 78 St John's Road, Isleworth, TW7 6RU
- Brentford Lodge: Boston Manor Road, Brentford, TW8 8DS
- Broadmoor Hospital Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 7EG
- Canal House 97 London Road, Brentford TW8 8JQ
- Cassell Hospital: 1 Ham Common, Richmond, TW10 7JF
- Cardinal Centre (Feltham CMHT): Cardinal Road, Hounslow, TW13 5AL
- Charing Cross Hospital: Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF
- Cherington House: Cherington Road, Hanwell, W7 3HL
- Chestnut Lodge 3 Woofield Road, Eailing, London W5 1SL
- Claybrook Road (Charing Cross Annex) Claybrook Road, London, W6
- Dukes Avenue Dukes Avenue, Richmond, TW10 7JF
- Elm Lodge 4a Marley Close, Greenford, London UB6 9UG
- Glenthorne Road CAMHS: WLMHT Child, Adolescent and Family Service. 48 Glenthorne Road, Hammersmith W6 0LS
- Gloucester House 194 Hammersmith Road, London, W6 8BS
- Hammersmith & Fulham Mental Health Unit (Charing Cross Hospital site) Fulham Palace Road, London W6 8NF
- Heart of Hounslow Centre for Health 92 Bath Road, Hounslow TW3 3EL
- Hounslow CMHT 88 Lampton Road, Hounslow, TW3 4DW
- John Conolly Wing (St Bernard's Hospital site) Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Lakeside Mental Health Unit West Middlesex University Hospital, Twickenham Road, Isleworth, TW7 6AF
- Limes Merrick Road, Southall, UB2 4AU
- Lammas Centre 13 Mattock Lane, Ealing, W5 5BG
- Links Project 8–10 Carlton Road, LondonW4 5DY
- Manor Gate 1a Manor Gate, Northolt, UB5 5GT
- Martin House 1 Swift Road, Southall, Middlesex UB2 4RP
- Old Oak Road 16/18 Old Oak Road, London, W3 7HO
- Orchard Women's Enhanced Medium Secure Unit (St Bernard's Hospital site) Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Paddock Centre (DSPD) (Broadmoor Hospital site) Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 7EG
- Penny Sangham Osterley Park Road, Southall, UB2 4EU
- Richford Gate Richford Street, London, W6 7HY
- Solace Centre 58 Bowmans Close, London W13 9YT
- Southall Norwood The Green, Southall, UB2 4B
- Stamford Brook Centre 206 Goldhawk Road, London W12 9PA
- St Vincent Centre 49 Queen Caroline Street, London W6 9QH
- St Bernard's Hospital & Trust HQ Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Sycamore Lodge 1 Edgecote Close, Acton, London W3 8PH
- Three Bridges Regional Secure Unit (St Bernard's Hospital site) Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Tony Hillis Wing Local Secure Unit (St Bernard's Hospital site) Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Westbourne Grove OPD 304 Westbourne Grove, London, W11 2PS
- Windmill Lodge (St Bernard's Hospital site) Uxbridge Road, Southall UB1 3EU
- Wolverton Gardens 1–3 Wolverton Gardens, London, W6 7DQ
- Wolverton Gardens 2 Wolverton Gardens, London, W6 7DY
The WLMHT currently act as guardians of the Corsellis Collection, containing some nine thousand specimens of brains dating back to the 1950s, The Corsellis collection was originally housed at Runwell Hospital until the 1990s, when a major reprovision programme was envisioned, the collection was started at Runwell Hospital by Dr Corsellis. No larger depository of this speciality is known.
On the same grounds as St. Bernard's Hospital are facilities provided by several other NHS Trusts:
- Max Glatt Unit, Gatehouse Community Alcohol Team and the Gatehouse Drug Treatment Centre are alcohol and drug dependency facilities which are all run by Central & North West London Mental Health NHS Trust
- Meadow House Hospice is run by the Ealing PCT Trust.
^ B: By special referral only.
^ ed: The extra posts are for Forensic Divisional Directors and Security Directors.
^ HQ: Technically speaking, it maybe said that there is also a Trust HQ at Broadmoor, since a Board Director is based permanently on site. However Board meetings are usually held at St Bernard's.
^ O-a: Due to open July 2007 – staff being recruited and trained.
^ O-b: Still treats some women patients. Waiting for Orchard Unit at Ealing site to be commissioned before remainder are transferred.
^ L: The present trust was established 1 October 2000. Then the former Ealing, Hammersmith & Fulham Mental Health NHS Trust which was created in 1999 was then dissolved 2001 leaving the WLMHT to take over its duties. This was under government order number 20002562. See: Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 2539. The West London Healthcare National Health Service Trust (Establishment) Order 1992. Accessed 2007-05-16
^ Pad: Part opened, staff being recruited and trained.
^ sth: Some of the reasons why changes needed to come about, can be gleaned from reading:
*Dell Susanne, Robertson, Graham.(1988) Sentenced to hospital : offenders in Broadmoor. Oxford University Press, Oxford ; New York. ISBN 0-19-712156-X Dewey Class 365/.942294 19 Summary: authors describe the treatment of some Broadmoor patients and together with their psychiatric and criminal histories.
- WLMHT (May 2008) Mental Health Matters, page 4 . Accessed 29 February 2009
- WLMHT (January 2009) Mental Health Matters, page 11. Accessed 29 February 2009
- "Isaacs Report Chapter 33: The Corsellis Collection". Retrieved 14 September 2007.
- Official WLMHT site. Accessed 2007-05-16
- The Healthcare Commission: West London Mental Health NHS Trust: Performance ratings. Accessed 2007-05-19
- "Photographs of Hanwell Asylum/St. Bernard's Hospital". County Asylums. December 2005. Retrieved 2 October 2006.
- The local voluntary Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) Forum. Retrieved on 2006-10-05
- Transport for London: Bus services to and from Hanwell. Accessed 2007-06-05
- National Rail Station: Hanwell. Accessed 2007-06-05