West Middlesex, Pennsylvania

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Coordinates: 41°10′25″N 80°27′25″W / 41.17361°N 80.45694°W / 41.17361; -80.45694
West Middlesex
Borough
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Mercer
Coordinates 41°10′25″N 80°27′25″W / 41.17361°N 80.45694°W / 41.17361; -80.45694
Area 2.5 sq mi (6 km2)
Population 929 (2000)
Density 981.8 / sq mi (379 / km2)
Established 1836
Mayor David George
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-5)
Zip code 16159
Area code 724
Location of West Middlesex in Mercer County
Location of West Middlesex within Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States

West Middlesex is a borough in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, along the Shenango River. The population was 929 at the 2000 census. It is part of the YoungstownWarrenBoardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

West Middlesex is located at 41°10′25″N 80°27′25″W / 41.17361°N 80.45694°W / 41.17361; -80.45694 (41.173630, -80.456874).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all land.

History[edit]

As a platted town the history of West Middlesex goes back to 1836, when James Gilkey surveyed the site. The surveyor was best known to fame, however, as the man who cultivated and brought into notice the "Neshannock potatoes," or sometimes called the "Gilkies: and "Messers." James McConnell was owner of the tract upon which the town was platted.

For many years West Middlesex has been one of the centers of the iron industry along the Shenango valley. The two industrial concerns of note are the Ella and Fannie furnaces, owned and operated by separate corporations. The Fannie is the older of these furnaces, having first been put in blast in 1873, and was remodeled in 1885. The Ella furnace was built in 1882, on the site of two furnaces that had been constructed in 1859 and had mutable fortunes. E.A. Wheeler of Sharon was for many years manager of the Ella and Wheeler furnaces. In 1896 the United Iron and Steel Company, of which Edwin N. Ohl of Pittsburgh is president, bought the Fannie furnace and have since operated it. The product is basic and all kinds of pig iron, and the average number of employees is 120. The Ella furnace has been recently dismantled, to be replaced by a new stack with all modern improvements.

West Middlesex was one of the first places along the Shenango valley to become a center of the iron business, and the old Middlesex furnace, erected in 1845, was a charcoal burning plant that smelted the native ores. The modern furnaces here, however, have all been constructed for coke and Lake Superior ore.

In point of settlement, West Middlesex is one of the oldest localities in the county. The honors of first settlement in this vicinity are given Samuel Byers, Andrew Wylie, William Bell, Richard Vanfleet and several others who came before the close of the century. In 1821 James McConnell located within the present limits of the borough. Jacob Edeburn was owner of a large tract of land embracing part of the town site, which was granted for military services in 1787 to James Gibson. William Edeburn, son of Jacob, improved some of this land lying west of the river during the first decade of the nineteenth century, and in 1818 built a log grist mill which was the first of its kind in the vicinity, and which was so useful to the people of the neighborhood that it became a natural center of the settlements around about. When James McConnell came in 1821 he bought the mill and a part of the land, and the log house which he set up near the mill was the first residence in the town. William Edeburn and James McConnell were the industrial magnates of their day, the former putting up a sawmill in 1830 and the latter constructing a first-class flour mill a little way below the old log mill. A store and a tavern were opened about the time the town was platted, and in 1840 the post office was established, with Robert Young as the first postmaster. Other improvements came at varying intervals. A little, frame house was built in 1837 in which school sessions were kept and church services held. In 1855 the citizens contributed enough money to build a two-story frame schoolhouse, to take the place of the old one which had served its purpose for nearly twenty years. This house also was to serve the cause of religion as well as education, the upper floor being designed as a house of worship. The three-story brick union schoolhouse was erected by the Middlesex district in 1868, at a cost of $24,000, and at the time it was one of the best educational structures in the county.

In 1864 West Middlesex was incorporated as a borough. The first burgess was D. Edeburn, and the first members of the council were C.W. Watson, Hiram Veach and G.R. Tuttle. One factor of municipal progress in recent years has been the Commercial Club, of which the officers at the present time are: John Boal, president; J.W. Mitchell, vice president, A.B. Livermore, secretary, and John Walker, treasurer.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 888
1880 918 3.4%
1890 966 5.2%
1900 930 −3.7%
1910 1,157 24.4%
1920 1,349 16.6%
1930 1,181 −12.5%
1940 1,126 −4.7%
1950 1,217 8.1%
1960 1,301 6.9%
1970 1,293 −0.6%
1980 1,064 −17.7%
1990 982 −7.7%
2000 929 −5.4%
2010 863 −7.1%
Est. 2012 856 −0.8%
Sources:[2][3][4]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 928 people, 372 households, and 274 families residing in the borough. The population density was 981.8 people per square mile (377.6/km²). There were 398 housing units at an average density of 420.6 per square mile (161.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.06% White, 0.32% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 372 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $34,938, and the median income for a family was $38,906. Males had a median income of $32,857 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,332. About 2.3% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.