West Nusa Tenggara
|West Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Location of West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
|• Governor||M. Zainul Majdi|
|• Total||19,708.79 km2 (7,609.61 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Sasak (68%), Bima (13%), Sumbawa (8%), Indian (8%), Balinese (3%)|
|• Religion||Islam (96%), Hindu (3%), Buddhist (1%) |
|• Languages||Indonesian (official)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat – NTB) is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the exception of Bali which is its own province. Mataram, on Lombok, is the capital and largest city of the province. The 2010 census recorded the population at 4,496,855. The two largest islands in the province are Lombok in the west and the larger Sumbawa island in the east.
In 1938, the Neo Municipality was formed, a self regulated area (Dutch: Zelf Bestuur Regelen). Based on the Lombok government constitution, East Indonesia Presidents' decision on 9 May 1949 No.5/Prv/49, Lombok did not contain a municipality but was an area conducted by Dutch Government. Formerly known as Sunda Kecil (Lesser Sunda), the West Nusa Tenggara Province was formed from part of the former State of East Indonesia in 1951. In 1957, the regional government was established.
The province is administratively divided into eight regencies (kabupaten) and two municipalities (kotamadya):
|West Lombok Regency (Lombok Barat)||Gerung||862.62||599,609|
|North Lombok Regency (Lombok Utara)||Tanjung||776.25||199,904|
|Central Lombok Regency (Lombok Tengah)||Praya||1,208.39||859,309|
|East Lombok Regency (Lombok Timur)||Selong||1,605.55||1,105,671|
|West Sumbawa Regency (Sumbawa Barat)||Taliwang||1,636.95||114,754|
|Sumbawa Regency||Sumbawa Besar||6,643.98||415,363|
The Indonesian Gvernment is currently considering the division of Nusu Tenggara Barat Province to create a separate Sumbawa Island province. There is no information as to whether the remaining part of the present province (i.e. the districts comprising Lombok Island) would then be renamed.
Lombok is mainly inhabited by the Sasak ethnic group, with a minority Balinese population, and Sumbawa is inhabited by Sumbawa and Bima ethnic groups. Each of these groups has a local language associated with it as well. The population of the province is 4,496,855 (at the 2010 census); 70.4% of the population lives on Lombok (at the 2010 census).
- Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
- Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
- Officials support new province for Sumbawa | The Jakarta Post
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for West Nusa Tenggara.|