West Nusa Tenggara

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West Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Province
Flag of West Nusa Tenggara
Flag
Official seal of West Nusa Tenggara
Seal
Location of West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Location of West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Coordinates: 8°35′S 116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117Coordinates: 8°35′S 116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117
Country Indonesia
Capital Mataram
Government
 • Governor M. Zainul Majdi
Area
 • Total 19,708.79 km2 (7,609.61 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)[1]
 • Total 4,496,855
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Sasak (68%), Bima (13%), Sumbawa (8%), Indian (8%), Balinese (3%)[2]
 • Religion Islam (96%), Hindu (3%), Buddhist (1%) [1]
 • Languages Indonesian (official)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Website www.ntbprov.go.id

West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara BaratNTB) is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the exception of Bali which is its own province. Mataram, on Lombok, is the capital and largest city of the province. The 2010 census recorded the population at 4,496,855. The two largest islands in the province are Lombok in the west and the larger Sumbawa island in the east.

History[edit]

In 1938, the Neo Municipality was formed, a self regulated area (Dutch: Zelf Bestuur Regelen).[citation needed] Based on the Lombok government constitution, East Indonesia Presidents' decision on 9 May 1949 No.5/Prv/49, Lombok did not contain a municipality but was an area conducted by Dutch Government. Formerly known as Sunda Kecil (Lesser Sunda), the West Nusa Tenggara Province was formed from part of the former State of East Indonesia in 1951.[citation needed] In 1957, the regional government was established.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

The province is administratively divided into eight regencies (kabupaten) and two municipalities (kotamadya):

Name Capital Area (km²) Population
2010 Census
Mataram City 61.30 402,296
West Lombok Regency (Lombok Barat) Gerung 862.62 599,609
North Lombok Regency (Lombok Utara) Tanjung 776.25 199,904
Central Lombok Regency (Lombok Tengah) Praya 1,208.39 859,309
East Lombok Regency (Lombok Timur) Selong 1,605.55 1,105,671
Total Lombok 3,166,789
West Sumbawa Regency (Sumbawa Barat) Taliwang 1,636.95 114,754
Sumbawa Regency Sumbawa Besar 6,643.98 415,363
Dompu Regency Dompu 2,321.55 218,984
Bima Regency Woha 4,389.40 438,522
Bima City Bima 222.25 142,443
Total Sumbawa 1,330,066

The Indonesian Gvernment is currently considering the division of Nusu Tenggara Barat Province to create a separate Sumbawa Island province.[3] There is no information as to whether the remaining part of the present province (i.e. the districts comprising Lombok Island) would then be renamed.

Population[edit]

Lombok is mainly inhabited by the Sasak ethnic group, with a minority Balinese population, and Sumbawa is inhabited by Sumbawa and Bima ethnic groups. Each of these groups has a local language associated with it as well. The population of the province is 4,496,855 (at the 2010 census); 70.4% of the population lives on Lombok (at the 2010 census).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
  2. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. 
  3. ^ Officials support new province for Sumbawa | The Jakarta Post

External links[edit]