West Orange, New Jersey
|West Orange, New Jersey|
|Township of West Orange|
Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 10, 1863 (as township)|
|Reincorporated||February 28, 1900 (as town)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Mayor||Robert D. Parisi (term ends June 30, 2014)|
|• Administrator||John K. Sayers|
|• Clerk||Karen J. Carnevale|
|• Total||12.171 sq mi (31.522 km2)|
|• Land||12.046 sq mi (31.198 km2)|
|• Water||0.125 sq mi (0.324 km2) 1.03%|
|Area rank||190th of 566 in state
3rd of 22 in county
|Elevation||512 ft (156 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||46,602|
|• Rank||40th of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county
|• Density||3,836.0/sq mi (1,481.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||160th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1729718|
West Orange is a township in central Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 46,207, reflecting an increase of 1,264 (+2.8%) from the 44,943 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,840 (+14.9%) from the 39,103 counted in the 1990 Census.
The township is set off by two large parks: the South Mountain Reservation along its southwestern borders with Maplewood and Millburn, and the Eagle Rock Reservation along its northeastern borders with Montclair and Verona. The township straddles the transition between the low-lying Newark Bay basin and the high terrain of the Watchung Mountains.
- 1 Geography and neighborhoods
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Education
- 5 History
- 6 Sports
- 7 Mass media and telecommunications
- 8 Shopping and Entertainment
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Geography and neighborhoods
West Orange is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 12.171 square miles (31.522 km2), of which, 12.046 square miles (31.198 km2) of it is land and 0.125 square miles (0.324 km2) of it (1.03%) is water. It is located approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) west of downtown Newark and 13 miles (21 km) west of New York City.(40.785753,-74.26506). According to the
The township is marked by an eclectic mix of neighborhoods and housing types, which roughly correspond to the township's geographic features. Generally, the township has four distinct neighborhoods:
- Downtown West Orange and The Valley
The oldest and most densely populated part of the township is Downtown West Orange, which lies in the low basin along the township's eastern border with the city of Orange. Main Street, in this section, is home to the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, as well as the municipal building, police headquarters, and a branch post office. The West Orange Public Library is located on Mount Pleasant Avenue in this section, just west of Main Street. Downtown West Orange is laid out in the pattern of a traditional town, and is formed around the western termini of two major east-west arteries of the Newark street grid: Central Avenue and Park Avenue. Downtown West Orange has the most urban character of the township's neighborhoods, while the Valley is home to a growing arts district and a significant African American community.
- The First Mountain
West of Downtown, the neighborhoods of West Orange become increasingly suburban as one ascends the steep hill of the First Watchung Mountain along Northfield, Mount Pleasant, or Eagle Rock Avenue. The housing stock in the neighborhoods of Hutton Park and Gregory is a mixture of Victorian, Jazz Age, and Tudor-style houses; large estates; garden apartments; and post-World War II modern houses. The Victorian enclave of Llewellyn Park, one of America's first planned residential communities, is also located on the First Mountain, having been created in 1853 as a site for country homes for the wealthy from New York City. Many blocks on the First Mountain have sweeping views of the Newark and New York City skylines.
- Pleasant Valley and Pleasantdale
Beyond the high ridge traced by Prospect Avenue, West Orange becomes a patchwork of post-World War II suburban neighborhoods, interspersed with pockets of older Victorian homes, as well as golf courses, professional campuses, and shopping centers. Pleasantdale, a walkable business district in this part of the township, includes a number of restaurants, office buildings, and houses of worship. Pleasantdale is also home to a significant Orthodox Jewish community.
- The Second Mountain
Finally, the westernmost section of West Orange lies along the eastern face of the Second Watchung Mountain, and includes large portions of the South Mountain Reservation. The housing stock in this neighborhood resembles that of Pleasantdale, as well as those of the adjacent suburban townships of Millburn and Livingston.
1870-1920 1870 1880-1890
1900-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,207 people, 16,790 households, and 11,753 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,836.0 per square mile (1,481.1 /km2). There were 17,612 housing units at an average density of 1,462.1 per square mile (564.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 57.15% (26,406) White, 26.58% (12,284) Black or African American, 0.38% (174) Native American, 7.96% (3,680) Asian, 0.02% (10) Pacific Islander, 4.82% (2,227) from other races, and 3.09% (1,426) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.20% (7,487) of the population.
There were 16,790 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the township, 23.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,917 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,480) and the median family income was $106,742 (+/- $5,256). Males had a median income of $65,854 (+/- $4,548) versus $43,223 (+/- $2,769) for females. The per capita income for the township was $43,368 (+/- $2,021). About 4.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 44,943 people, 16,480 households, and 11,684 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,708.7 people per square mile (1,431.7/km2). There were 16,901 housing units at an average density of 1,394.7 per square mile (538.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 67.6% White, 17.5% African American, 0.14% Native American, 8.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.52% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.04% of the population.
There were 16,480 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.19. In the township the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $69,254, and the median income for a family was $83,375. Males had a median income of $52,029 versus $39,484 for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,412. About 4.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
West Orange is governed by Plan B of the Mayor-Council system of municipal government pursuant to the Faulkner Act, as implemented on July 1, 1962, by direct petition. Each member of the Council is elected to a four-year term of on a staggered basis, with either three council seats or two seats and the mayoral seat up for election every even-numbered year. Township elections are nonpartisan and at-large.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of West Orange is Robert Parisi, whose term of office ends June 30, 2014. Members of the Township Council are Council President Victor Cirilo (2014), Jerry Guarino (2016), Joe Krakoviak (2016), Susan McCartney (2014) and Patty Spango (2016).
Officers of the municipal court are:
- Harry L. Starrett - Presiding Judge
- Margaret Padovano - Municipal Judge
- Vacant - Municipal Prosecutor. The Office of Municipal Prosecutor remains unoccupied since Mark Infante was killed when struck by an automobile while walking along Route 35 in Lavallette, NJ, on November 27, 2009.
- The Municipal Building and Township Council offices are located at 66 Main Street
- The Police Department and Municipal Court are located at 60 Main Street
- The West Orange First Aid Squad is located at 25 Mount Pleasant Place
- The West Orange Fire Department HQ is located at 415 Valley Road
- The West Orange Public Library is located at 46 Mount Pleasant Avenue
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 30,561 registered voters in West Orange, of which 14,166 (46.4%) were registered as Democrats, 3,273 (10.7%) were registered as Republicans and 13,108 (42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 67.8% of the vote here (15,423 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 29.3% (6,667 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (154 votes), among the 22,740 ballots cast by the township's 30,260 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 64.7% of the vote here (13,535 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.0% (7,118 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (186 votes), among the 20,933 ballots cast by the township's 28,418 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.7.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 59.3% of the vote here (8,168 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 32.9% (4,530 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (858 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (100 votes), among the 13,773 ballots cast by the township's 29,898 registered voters, yielding a 46.1% turnout.
Federal, state and county representation
West Orange is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, West Orange had been split between the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. In the redistricting that took effect in 2013, 18,122 residents in the eastern third of the township were placed in the 10th district, while 28,085 residents in the western portion of the township were placed in the 11th District.
New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2013[update], the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end in 2014. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark), Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston), Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), Gerald M. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.) Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington), Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange) and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell), and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair). Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015), Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015) and Surrogate Thomas N. Stephen, II (2016).
The West Orange Public Schools serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade, including a total of eleven school facilities. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are seven elementary schools (all K-5, except as noted) — Gregory Elementary School (562 students), Hazel Avenue Elementary School (357), Mount Pleasant Elementary School (402), Pleasantdale Elementary School (PreK-5; 437), Redwood Elementary School (548), St. Cloud Elementary School (395) and Washington Elementary School (396) — three middle schools — Thomas A. Edison Central Six School (6; 466), Liberty Middle School (7&8; 555) and Roosevelt Middle School (7&8; 452) — and one high school, West Orange High School (2,143), for grades 9-12.
West Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, and remained so until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of The Oranges was detached to form Orange Township. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected. On January 31, 1860, Orange was incorporated as a town, and on April 3, 1872, it was officially incorporated as a city. Almost immediately, Orange began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on April 1, 1861, Fairmount (an independent municipality for less than one year that was later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862, and East Orange on March 4, 1863. West Orange (including what had been the briefly independent municipality of Fairmount) was formed as a township on April 10, 1863, and was reformed as a town on February 28, 1900.
Llewellyn Park, the first planned community in America, is located within West Orange, and was designed by entrepreneur Llewellyn Haskell and architect Alexander Jackson Davis in 1857. Llewellyn Park is considered among the best examples of the "Romantic Landscape" movement of that period. Thomas Edison was one of the many residents.
The Jersey Rockhoppers hockey team of the Eastern Professional Hockey League, formed for the 2008-09 season, played home games at the Richard J. Codey Arena. The arena also used to be the practice facility for the New Jersey Devils from 1986-2007. The New Jersey Daredevils, a special needs hockey team formed in 2002 that plays in the SHI (Special Hockey International League), uses the arena for home games and practices. Annually in October, the Daredevils host a Halloween themed tournament for Special Hockey International teams (including the Daredevils themselves) called "Frankenfest". Frankenfest has been going on every October since 2009. The New Jersey Devils Youth Hockey team also plays here as well.
Mass media and telecommunications
For years West Orange has been a hotbed for the mass-media and telecommunications industries. Edison's Black Maria, the first movie studio ever, was located here. Several broadcast antennas are located in the town. From the mid-1970s until the early 1990s Channel 68 TV maintained their offices, studios and transmitter on Eagle Rock Avenue which was later occupied by WNBC-TV and WPXN-TV as a backup transmitter facility after Channel 68 moved to West Market Street in Newark. As of March 2007, the 416 Eagle Rock Avenue property is an empty lot, the main building which housed Channel 68 was recently demolished and the transmitter tower stands alone. WFME Radio has offices studios and transmitter while their sister station WNYJ-TV has executive offices in the same building on Mount Pleasant Avenue next to an MCI Communications (Now part of Verizon Communications) Fiber optics and satellite transmission facility and a Fiber Optic and satellite transmission facility on Eagle Rock Avenue next to the old Channel 68 building. Former Upsala College radio station WFMU's transmitter is on Marcella Avenue just down the street from WFME. Sprint Nextel and Verizon Wireless all have cell towers located throughout the township to provide clear coverage and Verizon maintains a huge Central Office on Prospect Avenue.
Shopping and Entertainment
There is an outdoor mall called Essex Green Shopping Center where it has stores, restaurants, and an AMC Theaters Fork and Screen, a dine in movie theater. 
Notable current and former residents of West Orange include:
- Nat Adderley, Jr. (born 1955), music arranger who spent much of his career with Luther Vandross.
- Ronald Bell (born 1951), musician with Kool and the Gang.
- Enea Bossi, Sr. (1888–1963), aviation pioneer who created the first stainless steel aircraft and one of the first human-powered planes.
- Martin Brodeur (born 1972), ice hockey goaltender in the NHL with the New Jersey Devils.
- Brendan Byrne (born 1924), Governor of New Jersey from 1974 to 1982.
- David Cassidy (born 1950), teen idol, singer and actor who appeared on the 1970s TV series The Partridge Family.
- Joan Caulfield (1922–1991), movie, theatre, television actress of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s who was born in East Orange, moved to West Orange during childhood and lived here until her high school graduation from a private school in Orange.
- Richard Codey (born 1946), State Senator, and Acting Governor of New Jersey in 2002 and Governor from 2004 until 2006. (Now resides in neighboring Roseland)
- Jemima Condict (1754–1779), American Revolutionary War era diarist.
- Brandon Costner (born 1987), forward for the NC State Wolfpack basketball team.
- Anthony Criss (born 1970), member of the rap group Naughty by Nature.
- Charles Cullen (born 1960), serial killer who grew up on Kling Street.
- Ginny Duenkel (born 1947), winner of a Gold and Bronze medal in two swimming events at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Ginny Duenkel Municipal Pool is named in her honor.
- DJ Whoo Kid (born 1972), official DJ of G-Unit.
- Charles Edison (1890–1969), United States Secretary of the Navy 1940, Governor of New Jersey 1941 to 1944 and son of Thomas Edison.
- Theodore Miller Edison (1898–1992), only child of his inventor father who graduated college; went on to become an inventor with over 80 patents.
- Thomas Alva Edison (1847–1931), inventor of the phonograph, the incandescent electric lightbulb, and the first practical motion picture camera whose home was Glenmont Mansion. Edison's Black Maria, the first movie studio, was located in West Orange.
- Eugenio Fernandi (1922–1991), tenor with the Metropolitan Opera who rose to prominence in the late 1950s and 1960s, receiving 22 curtain calls for his performance in Lucia di Lammermoor.
- Alisa Flatow (1975–1995), victim of the Egged bus 36 bombing.
- Chris Gethard (born 1980), author of Weird New York and an associate editor of the Weird NJ publications. He is also a performer at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theater in NYC.
- Whoopi Goldberg (born 1955), comedian, actress, talk show host.
- Kyrie Irving (born 1992), professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association.
- Mark Kelly (born 1964), NASA astronaut and husband of Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords.
- Scott Kelly (born 1964), NASA astronaut.
- Paul J. Kern (born 1945), commanding general of the United States Army Materiel Command from 2001-2004.
- Carole King (born 1942) and Gerry Goffin (born 1939), husband & wife songwriting team who resided off Pleasant Valley Way in the mid-1960s along with other song writers, a location that gave rise to the song Pleasant Valley Sunday, recorded by the Monkees in 1966.
- Bettye LaVette (born 1946), soul singer who released her first record at age 16 and found success with I've Got My Own Hell to Raise at age 59 in 2005.
- George B. McClellan (1826–1885), Major General and briefly general-in-chief of the Union Army during the Civil War. He ran as a Democrat against Lincoln in the presidential election of 1864. He went on to become governor of New Jersey (1878–1881).
- Joseph Minish (1916–2007), represented New Jersey's 11th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.
- Michael Oren (born 1955), Israeli ambassador to the United States.
- Fred Ott (1860–1936), an employee of Thomas Edison's in the 1890s who "starred" in two of the earliest surviving motion pictures – Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze (a.k.a. Fred Ott's Sneeze) and Fred Ott Holding a Bird – both filmed in 1894.
- Robert Pearlman (born 1976), founder and editor of collectSPACE.
- Michael Pitt (born 1981), actor who was in Murder by Numbers, Hedwig and the Angry Inch, and Last Days, as well as HBO's Boardwalk Empire.
- Vinnie Politan (born 1965), co-anchor of In Session on the cable network truTV.
- Phil Rizzuto (1917–2007), nicknamed "The Scooter," played shortstop for the New York Yankees from 1941-1956.
- Vin Rock (born 1970), rapper for group Naughty by Nature.
- Peter W. Rodino (1909–2005), United States Congressman from 1949 to 1989.
- Hilary Rosen (born 1958), former Chairman and CEO of the Recording Industry Association of America and CNN political analyst.
- Sherry Ross, sportscaster and journalist.
- Walter H. Seward (1896–2008), super-centenarian, lived to 111 years.
- Alfredo Silipigni (1932–2006), conductor.
- Amos Alonzo Stagg (1862–1965), known as "The Grand Old Man" of college football. During the founding year of the College Football Hall of Fame, he was inducted as both a player and a coach. He was among the first group of inductees into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959. He is also credited with the invention of the batting cage in baseball and the tackling dummy in football. West Orange's Stagg Field playground is named in his honor. Ranked #4 on the Sports Illustrated list of The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures.
- Andy Stern (born 1950), former president of the Service Employees International Union.
- Mike Trainor (born 1981), comedian.
- Evelyn Ward (born 1923), actress, mother of David Cassidy.
- Scott Wolf (born 1968), actor who is best known as Bailey Salinger on the TV series Party of Five.
- Ian Ziering (born 1964), actor who is best known for the role of Steve Sanders on the TV series Beverly Hills, 90210.
- Abner Zwillman (1899–1959), mobster found hanging dead at his home at 50 Beverly Road.
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- General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
- Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Essex County Elected Officials, Essex County Clerk, as of February 2012. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Blonnie R. Watson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Rufus I. Johnson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Lee, Eunice. "Labor leader from South Orange tapped as new Essex County freeholder", The Star-Ledger, December 19, 2012. Accessed January 9, 2013. "A longtime labor union leader from South Orange was sworn in this afternoon as the newest Essex County freeholder.Gerald Owens, 74, is a general organizer for the International Longshoremen's Association.... Owens is filling the seat vacated by former at-large freeholder Donald Payne Jr., who stepped down from the post last month after securing the 10th Congressional District seat left open by his late father."
- Rolando Bobadilla, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Carol Y. Clark, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Leonard M. Luciano, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Brendan W. Gill, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- About Christopher J. Durkin, Essex County Clerk. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Armando B. Fontoura - Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Office of Surrogate, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Data for the West Orange Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 6, 2012.
- Gregory Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Hazel Avenue Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Mount Pleasant Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Pleasantdale Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Redwood Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- St. Cloud Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Washington Elementary School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Thomas A. Edison Central Six School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Liberty Middle School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Roosevelt Middle School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- West Orange High School, West Orange Public Schools. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the West Orange Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 133. Accessed May 23, 2012.
- LP Historical Society and Archives, Llewellyn Park. Accessed September 10, 2007.
- Jackson, John Brinckerhoff; and Horowitz, Helen Lefkowitz. Landscape in Sight: Looking at America, p. 180. Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-300-08074-3. Accessed July 11, 2011.
- Rand, Ellen. "NEW JERSEY HOUSING; A Haven of Anachronistic Calm", The New York Times, December 21, 1980. Accessed July 11, 2011.
- Stephenson, Colin. "Jersey Rockhoppers ready to drop puck", The Star-Ledger, October 30, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013. "But the Eastern Professional Hockey League is nevertheless set to debut this weekend in four markets in the Greater New York area, with one of the league's teams based in northern New Jersey.The Jersey Rockhoppers, who will play their home games at the Richard J. Codey Arena in West Orange, are set to open up at 7:30 p.m. Saturday with a home game against the Brooklyn Aces."
- Stewart, Zan. "Born to swing: Nat Adderley Jr. returns to his roots", The Star-Ledger, September 10, 2009. Accessed September 10, 2009.
- McFaul, Lauren. "Kool's gang freshens rock with funk", The Spokesman-Review, June 3, 1985. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Ronald Bell has a studio in his West Orange, N.J., home and from there has worked on production for Kool & the Gang's last six albums."
- Staff. "Enea Bossi Is Dead at 74; Was Pioneer in Aviation", The New York Times, January 12, 1963. Accessed February 28, 2011.
- Chere, Rich. "New Jersey Devils goalie Martin Brodeur honored by General Assembly and Senate", The Star-Ledger, June 18, 2009. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Brodeur, who lives in Codey's district in West Orange, pointed out that he may be a Canadian from Quebec but 'New Jersey is all I've known my whole adult life.'"
- Golway, Terry. "When Codey Talks, He Talks to Them", The New York Times, October 31, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Essex County, home of the state's largest city, Newark, and a diverse population of nearly 800,000, has not had a governor to call its own since Brendan T. Byrne - another native of West Orange - left office January 1982."
- Boyd, Joseph G. "David Cassidy values happiness more than success", The Milwaukee Sentinel, August 19, 1981. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Allis, Tim. "The Boys Are Back", People (magazine), November 1, 1993. Accessed May 4, 2011. "David, by contrast, spent his earliest years as an only child in a row house in West Orange, N.J., with his mother, stage actress Evelyn Ward, who was divorced from Jack when David was 3."
- Fowler, Glenn. "Joan Caulfield, A Film Actress, Is Dead at 69", The New York Times, June 20, 1991. Accessed May 23, 2012. "Miss Caulfield, who was a native of West Orange, N.J., attended Columbia University and was a fashion model and a cover girl before she landed ingenue roles on Broadway in the early 1940's."
- Fairleigh Dickinson University Commencement Honoree: Richard J. Codey, Fairleigh Dickinson University. Accessed December 31, 2006.
- Manuscript Group 123, Jemima Condict (1754-1779), New Jersey Historical Society. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Young, Jim. "STRONG SENDEK RECRUITING CLASS ADDS N.J. POWER FORWARD", Greensboro News & Record, September 24, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2007, "N.C. State landed its third commitment for the Class of 2005 when Brandon Costner, a 6-foot-8, 210-pound power forward from West Orange, N.J., picked the Wolfpack on Wednesday."
- Ross, Barbara. "'NAUGHTY' GUYS ARE ARRESTED ON GUN CHARGES", Daily News (New York), June 14, 1997. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Two members of the Grammy-winning rap group Naughty by Nature were charged yesterday with carrying loaded and unlicensed 9-mm. pistols.Anthony (Treach) Criss, 26, and Vincent (Vinnie) Brown, 26, both of West Orange, N.J., were arraigned on felony charges of criminal possession of a weapon."
- A killer's final insult, The Star-Ledger, March 3, 2006.
- "Webster and Miss Duenkel Gain Diving and Swimming Gold Medals for U.S.; JERSEY GIRL SETS 400-METER MARK She Captures Free-Style in 4:43.3 -- Webster Rallies From 6th in High Diving", The New York Times, October 18, 1964. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Bob Webster, a 25-year-old diving perfectionist from Santa Ana, Calif., and Ginny Duenkel, a free-style swimmer from West Orange, N.J., won gold medals today for the United States."
- Jordan, Chris. "Hip-hop phenomenon 'mixtapes' go mainstream", The Tennessean, March 8, 2005. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Whoo Kid, who hails from West Orange, N.J., has certainly diversified. The Queens-raised kid of Haitian parents starting spinning at 16; now, he performs around the world with 50 Cent and on his own."
- New Jersey Governor Charles Edison, National Governors Association. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Charles Edison, the fifty-eighth governor of New Jersey, was born in West Orange, New Jersey on August 3, 1890."
- Pace, Eric. "Theodore M. Edison; An Illustrious Father Guided Inventor, 94", The New York Times, November 26, 1992. Accessed May 23, 2012. "Theodore M. Edison, an inventor, environmentalist and philanthropist who was the last surviving child of the inventor Thomas Alva Edison, died on Tuesday at his home in West Orange. He was 94 years old."
- Thomas Edison National Historical Park, govnotes.com. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Half of Edison's astonishing 1,093 patents were earned during the 44 years he lived in West Orange."
- curtain calls and residency supported by Michael Redmond, Sunday Star-Ledger, August 18, 1991.
- Henry, Marilyn. "Rabin makes condolence call on Flatow family", The Jerusalem Post, May 10, 1995. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Rose, Lisa. "New Jersey native Chris Gethard to star in 'Big Lake' on Comedy Central", The Star-Ledger, August 16, 2010. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Bondy, Halley. "Whoopi Goldberg moving to West Orange", The Star-Ledger, October 5, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Berman, Zach. "NBA Draft 2011: Kyrie Irving taken as No. 1 pick by Cleveland Cavaliers", The Star-Ledger, June 23, 2011. Accessed August 6, 2011. "Kyrie Irving, a St. Patrick alum and West Orange native, became the No. 1 pick in this year's NBA Draft when the Cleveland Cavaliers made him their franchise player. "
- via Associated Press. "Space flight by Giffords's husband in doubt", CBC News, January 10, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- "Major Army Command Says Farewell to Four-Star Commander", United States Army Materiel Command press release. Accessed November 19, 2007. "Kern was raised in West Orange, NJ and graduated from West Orange High School."
- La Gorce, Tammy. "New Jersey's Magic Moments", The New York Times, October 30, 2005. Accessed November 25, 2007.
- La Gorce, Tammy. "MUSIC; No Longer the Best Soul Singer Nobody Knows", The New York Times, February 19, 2006. Accessed April 16, 2008. "After trying to find joy everywhere from Memphis to New York City, Ms. LaVette, a ragged-voiced veteran soul singer, fades out with the pronouncement: So I went to West Orange."
- Staff. "McClellan House to Go In West Orange, N.J.", The Christian Science Monitor, January 6, 1938. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- via Associated Press. "Joseph G. Minish, Ex-New Jersey Congressman, Dies at 91", The New York Times, November 26, 2007. Accessed November 26, 2007. "Mr. Minish, a longtime West Orange resident, died at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, N.J., said Michael Brown of the Quinn-Hopping Funeral Home in Livingston."
- Bumiller, Elisabeth. "Israeli Diplomat Is Man in Middle", The New York Times, September 17, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012. "Raised in a conservative Jewish family in West Orange, N.J., Mr. Oren worked on a kibbutz at 15, was educated at Princeton and Columbia, immigrated to Israel and spent multiple tours in the Israeli Army, including a job as spokesman during an infamous low point for the military, its poor performance in the 2006 war in Lebanon."
- Staff. "FREDERICK P. OTT, EDISON AIDE, DIES; Became Associated With the Inventor in 1874, Working in Small Newark Plant, ASSISTED IN FILM WORK Collaborated in Development of Motion Pictures, Electric Light and Phonograph", The New York Times, October 25, 1936. Accessed January 29, 2011.
- Staff. "Q&A Spotlight: Robert Zane Pearlman", Explorer: Newsletter of the American Astronautical Society History Committee, Issue 10, March 2010, p. 16. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Hometown: West Orange, New Jersey"
- via Associated Press. "HBO's 'Boardwalk Empire:' A Dramatic Getaway - New Series Brings Prohibition-Era Atlantic City, N.J., to Life with Historical Accuracy, Lavish Detail", CBS News, September 19, 2010. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Inevitably noted for his baby face, arresting blue eyes and pouty, pillowy lips, the 29-year-old West Orange, N.J., native seized on acting because, 'I liked the attention. And it kind of evolved into a craft, a skill, which was a positive thing in my life. Then I came to New York. I never really left.'"
- Bodley, Hal. "N.Y. Yankees Hall of Famer Phil Rizzuto dies at 89", USA Today, August 15, 2007. Accessed July 3, 2008. "Rizzuto, who would have been 90 in September, died Tuesday from pneumonia after living his last several years in declining health at a West Orange, N.J., nursing home."
- Kaufman, Michael T. "Peter W. Rodino Dies at 96; Led House Inquiry on Nixon", The New York Times, May 8, 2005. Accessed November 25, 2007. "Peter W. Rodino Jr., an obscure congressman from the streets of Newark who impressed the nation by the dignity, fairness and firmness he showed as chairman of the impeachment hearings that induced Richard M. Nixon to resign as president, died yesterday at his home in West Orange, N.J.. He was 95."
- Holson, Laura M. "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Recording Industry Lobbyist Plans to Leave Her Position", The New York Times, January 23, 2003. Accessed November 6, 2012. "Even as a young woman growing up in West Orange, N.J., Ms. Rosen, 44, the daughter of the town's first city councilwoman, showed a taste for power-brokering."
- Staff. "N.J. Statehouse to honor Sherry Ross", New Jersey Devils, March 22, 2010. Accessed April 11, 2011. "The resident of West Orange, NJ has covered the Stanley Cup Finals on 15 occasions, while attending the Kentucky Derby six times."
- Mueller, Mark. "Rutgers' oldest alumnus Walter Seward dies at 111", The Star-Ledger, September 15, 2008. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Long celebrated as the oldest Rutgers alumnus, the West Orange resident also was believed to be the most long-lived New Jerseyan and the third-oldest man in the United States, according to the Gerontology Research Group, a California organization that tracks the world's most venerable people."
- Wakin, Daniel J. "Alfredo Silipigni, 74, Who Founded an Opera Company, Dies", The New York Times, March 29, 2006. Accessed June 2, 2008. "Alfredo Silipigni, a conductor and specialist in lesser-known Italian operas who founded the New Jersey State Opera and ran it for four decades, died on Saturday in Livingston, N.J. He was 74 and lived in West Orange, N.J."
- The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
- via Associated Press. "Andy Stern of the SEIU, longtime powerful labor boss, to retire", The Star-Ledger, April 13, 2010. Accessed January 29, 2011. "Andrew Stern, president of the Service Employees International Union and a West Orange native, answers questions during an interview at his office in Washington on Thursday, Feb. 9, 2006."
- About Mark, MarkTrainor.com. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Midler, Caryn. "Scott Wolf Reveals His Secret Nickname", People (magazine), October 25, 2006. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- Edel, Raymond A. "Mini-Bio for Kids: Ian Ziering", The Record (Bergen County), December 20, 1992. Accessed September 29, 2007. "Ian, a native of West Orange, is a graduate of William Paterson College in Wayne."
- Staff. "JURY TO GET TAX CASE; Judge Holds Jersey Panel Must Pass on Zwillman Charges", The New York Times, February 28, 1956. Accessed May 23, 2012. "Federal Judge Reynier J. Wortendyke Jr. ruled today that income tax charges against Abner (Longie) Zwillman of 50 Beverly Road, West Orange, must be submitted to the jury."
- Sullivan, Joseph F. "Jersey Man in Abscam Case Is Experienced With Inquiries; Conspiracy Charges Dismissed Two Other Directors From Jersey Started as Tire Salesman Need for Advice Questioned Bid-Rigging Indictment Message Termed Death Threat", The New York Times, March 9, 1980. "Mr. Zwillman, who later was found hanged in his West Orange home, also testified about his relationship with Mr. Bozzo."
- The Township of West Orange
- West Orange Board of Education / Public Schools
- West Orange, New Jersey on the Open Directory Project