West Papua (province)
|West Papua Province
Provinsi Papua Barat
|Manokwari, capital of West Papua|
|Motto: Cintaku Negeriku (Indonesian)
(My love, my country)
|Coordinates (Manokwari): Coordinates:|
|• Governor||Abraham Octavianus Atururi|
|• Total||140,375.62 km2 (54,199.33 sq mi)|
|• Density||5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Melanesian, Papuan|
|• Religion||Protestantism (53.77%), Islam (38.4%), Roman Catholicism (7.03%), Hinduism (0.11%), Buddhism (0.08%)|
|• Languages||Indonesian (official)|
|Time zone||EIT (UTC+09)|
West Papua Province (Indonesian: Provinsi Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It covers the western peninsula of the island of New Guinea. Its capital is Manokwari and the 2010 census recorded a population of 760,855.
With a population of 760,855, it is the least populous province of Indonesia.
The capital of West Papua province is Manokwari. The province is administratively divided into twelve regencies (kabupaten) and one autonomous city (kota), listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census.
|Arfak Mountains Regency
|Raja Ampat Regency||6,084.50||35,948||42,471||Waisai|
|South Manokwari Regency||*||18,564||Ransiki|
|South Sorong Regency||16,807.00||54,270||37,579||Teminabuan|
|Teluk Bintuni Regency||18,637.00||46,784||52,403||Bintuni|
|Teluk Wondama Regency||12,146.62||*||26,311||Rasiei|
- * The 2005 population of Arfak Mountains, Maybrat, South Manokwari, Tambrauw and Teluk Wondama Regencies are included in the figures for the regencies from which they were subsequently removed.
Subsequent to the 2010 Census, two new regencies - South Manokwari Regency (Manokwari Selantan) and Arfak Mountains Regency (Pegunungan Arfak) - were created from parts of the Manokwari Regency, while 4 districts of Manokwari Regency were added to Tambrauw Regency. The 2010 Census figures quoted above for all four of these regencies relate to their area as established in 2013.
Even after Indonesia's independence in 1949, Irian Jaya was retained by the Dutch for various reasons. However, Indonesia claimed all of the territory of the former Dutch East Indies, including the Dutch New Guinea holdings, so it invaded Irian Jaya in 1961. It was agreed that the UN should oversee a plebiscite of the people of West Papua, in which they would be given two choices: to remain part of Indonesia or to become an independent nation. This vote was referred to as the 'Act of Free Choice'. However, the vote was instead conducted by musyawarah, or consensus of elders, with approximately[a] 1,000 men selected by the Indonesian military. This body was coerced into unanimously voting to remain part of Indonesia, and became the province of Irian Jaya, later Papua. The result of the vote was rejected by Papuan nationalists, who established the Free Papua Movement (OPM). The independence movement for West Papua has continued, primarily through peaceful protest and international pressure, but also guerrilla warfare against Indonesian administration.
West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat; it was later renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 7 February 2007. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, as that division had not yet been formalised. The split is in line with the general trend of provincial splits that is occurring in all parts of Indonesia in the post-Suharto era. The new province has so far been widely supported by the province's inhabitants, as the new entity created more jobs and more government subsidies flowing into the province.
The province changed its name to "West Papua" on 7 February 2007. The new name applies from that date, but a plenary session of the provincial legislative council is required to legalise the change of name, and the government needs to then issue a regulation.
- Undang-Undang Nomor 56 Tahun 2008 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Tambrauw di Provinsi Papua Barat (Law Number 56 of 2008 regarding the Formation of Tambrauw Regency in West Papua Province). In Indonesian.
- Brad Simpson, ed. (2004-07-09). "Indonesia's 1969 Takeover of West Papua Not by "Free Choice"". National Security Archive. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Breaking Free From Betrayal". New International. 1999-11-05. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- Richard Samuelson. "About West Papua". International Parliamentarians for West Papua. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- Li-ann Thio (2006), "International law and secession in the Asia and Pacific regions", in Marcelo G. Kohen, Secession: International Law Perspectives, Cambridge University Press
- "Papua Barat Peroleh Dana Otsus", Suara Pembaruan Daily, 2009-01-27, archived from the original on 2010-02-07, retrieved 2013-01-17
- "Papuan province changes name from West Irian Jaya to West Papua". Radio New Zealand International. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
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