West Road River

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Coordinates: 53°18′38″N 122°52′32″W / 53.31056°N 122.87556°W / 53.31056; -122.87556
West Road River
Blackwater River
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Source Ilgachuz Range
 - elevation 1,877 m (6,158 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 52°48′N 125°22′W / 52.800°N 125.367°W / 52.800; -125.367 [2]
Mouth Fraser River
 - elevation 497 m (1,631 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 53°18′38″N 122°52′32″W / 53.31056°N 122.87556°W / 53.31056; -122.87556 [2]
Length 280 km (174 mi) [3]
Basin 12,000 km2 (4,633 sq mi) [3]
Discharge for gage 08KG001
 - average 34.4 m3/s (1,215 cu ft/s) [4]
 - max 377 m3/s (13,314 cu ft/s)
 - min 4.90 m3/s (173 cu ft/s)
Location of the West Road River

The West Road River or Blackwater River is an important tributary of the Fraser River, flowing generally north-eastward from the northern slopes of the Ilgachuz Range and across the Fraser Plateau in the Chilcotin region of central British Columbia, Canada. With only one major tributary, the Nazko River ("river flowing from the south" in the Carrier language), its confluence with the Fraser is approximately 40 km northwest of Quesnel. It forms the division between the Chilcotin Plateau (S) and the Nechako Plateau (N), which are subdivisions of the Fraser Plateau.

The river is 280 km (170 mi) long, draining an area of approximately 12,000 km2 (4,600 sq mi), and dropping over 900 m (3,000 ft) before joining with the Fraser.[3]

The river is of significant historical importance to both First Nations and Canadian history. For centuries, the Dakelh (Carrier) and Tsilhqot'in peoples used a trail—the so-called "Grease Trail"—on the northern side of the river in their trade with coastal First Nations communities. The name Grease Trail refers to one of the main commodities transported along the route—eulachon grease, a highly prized staple, traces of which coated parts of the route after centuries of use. It was this trail that Sir Alexander Mackenzie used in his historic overland journey west to the Pacific Ocean in 1793, traversing the river itself on his return.

The West Road (Blackwater) River has been designated as a heritage river by the government of British Columbia.

The only major settlements along the river are the Indian reserves of the Kluskus First Nation in the area of the Kluskus Lakes, which are a chain of lakes midway along its length. Near the river to its south, on the Nazko, is the settlement of Nazko, a ranching community, the focus of which is the reserve of the Nazko First Nation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Elevation derived from ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model, using GeoLocator, and BCGNIS coordinates.
  2. ^ a b "West Road (Blackwater) River". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/20225.html.
  3. ^ a b c "Blackwater River". British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Archived Hydrometric Data Search". Water Survey of Canada. Retrieved 4 August 2013.  Search for Station 08KD006 West Road River near Cinema