West Side CSO Tunnel
The West Side Combined Sewer Overflow Tunnel (also West Side Big Pipe) is a tunnel in Portland, Oregon, United States. It is to receive and store overflow from the combined sewer system before it can reach the Willamette River. The main tunnel is 14 feet (4.3 m) in diameter and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long for a capacity of 2,850,000 cubic feet (81,000 m3) and connects to dozens of smaller sewer overflow interceptors along the west side of the Willamette River.
The tunnel is a storage and transport system to minimize sewer overflows from reaching the river. Instead, the CSO tunnel receives overflows, stores and transports them to the Swan Island Pump Station. Portland's 1930s sewer design combines street and surface runoff with sewage into a common sewage system which is overwhelmed during heavy precipitation. The original system handled overflows by sending excess flow into the river.
The tunnel is 120 to 160 feet (37 to 49 m) below ground level. It passes under the Willamette River between the NW Nicolai Street shaft (East Side Big Pipe. From Nicolai, it travels roughly south close to Front Avenue. There are vertical shafts at Upshur (Coordinates: ), Ankeny ( ), and Clay streets ( ). The Clay Street shaft receives the Southwest Parallel Interceptor, a 3-to-6-foot (0.91 to 1.8 m) pipeline which runs along the west Willamette shore for 3 miles (4.8 km) to Virginia Avenue and Taylors Ferry Road .) to the confluent vertical shaft on Swan Island ( ), which also receives the
- Rory Banyard (Executive Producer/Writer), Linsey Grayzel (Producer/Director/Editor), Kristiana Weseloh (Associate Producer). Portland Oregon West Side CSO Project (video documentary). Environmental Services, City of Portland. Retrieved 2012-02-19. Unknown parameter
- "Combined Sewer Overflow Projects (The Big Pipe)". City of Portland. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
- "West Side Big Pipe Project". City of Portland. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
- "West Side CSO Tunnel Project". City of Portland. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
|This article about a building or structure in Oregon is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|