West Suriname Plan
The West Suriname Plan is an economic development plan for the western part of Suriname. As originally conceived, it consists among others of the mining of bauxite in the Bakhuis Mountains, the building of a hydroelectric power plant on the Kabalebo River, and the construction of a harbour and an aluminium smelter at Apoera. The plan was the brainchild of former Surinamese Minister of Development Frank Essed.
In 1963, Operation Grasshopper found bauxite deposits in the Bakhuis Mountains. Two years later, extensive explorations were conducted by Suralco and Billiton. After a commercial joint venture established by Reynolds Surinam Mines and Grasshopper Aluminium Company (Grassalco) failed to take off, the Surinamese government devised the West Suriname Plan to develop the region by the government.
The Dutch government agreed to help execute the plan as part of the development subsidies to be given after Suriname would gain independence in 1975. Between 1976 and 1978, a railroad track was constructed between Apoera and the Bakhuis Mountains by Morrison-Knudsen as main contractor and local companies as sub contractors.
After the 1980 Surinamese coup d'état Dutch development funds were frozen, and the project was halted. Low bauxite market prices in the 1980s also led to doubts about the economic feasibility of the project.
In the late 1990s, the West Suriname Plan was resurrected. On 6 January 2003, BHP Billiton, Suralco, and the Surinamese government signed two memoranda of understanding to investigate the possibility of developing bauxite mining in West Suriname. Talks between the Surinamese government and BHP Billiton stranded in October 2008. Nevertheless, the Surinamese government continues to be eager to develop Western Suriname, and posit that interest in the Bakhuis Mountains exploration has been expressed by companies in Switzerland and China.
- Marie-Josée Artist and Carla Madsian (2007) - West Suriname: Wat Betekent Een Geintegreerde Aluminium Industrie Voor De Inheemse Gemeenchappen?, pp. 28-29.
- Trouw.nl - Roemrucht plan West-Suriname herleeft
- abyayala.nativeweb.org - The Kabelebo Dam Project in Suriname
- North South Institute - Governance, Civil Society, and Conflict - Suriname Component: Indigenous Perspectives on Consultation and Decision-Making about Mining and Other Natural Resources (Phase II)
- RNW.nl - BHP Billiton Suriname schrapt plannen Bakhuysgebied