West Village

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Christopher Park in the West Village

The West Village is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. The area is bounded by the Hudson River on the west and Sixth Avenue on the east, extending from 14th Street south to Houston Street.[1] The Far West Village extends from the Hudson River to Hudson Street.[2] Bordering neighborhoods include Chelsea to the north, the South Village, and the newly invented (2009) area called Hudson Square to the south, and Greenwich Village to the east. The neighborhood is primarily residential, with a multitude of small restaurants, shops and services. The area is part of Manhattan Community Board 2 and the Sixth Precinct of the New York Police Department. The Sixth Precinct also covers an area east of the West Village between Sixth Avenue and Broadway from Houston to 14th Street.

History[edit]

Some 18th century streets do not meet modern standards of width.

Known as "Little Bohemia" starting in 1916,[3] West Village is in some ways the center of the bohemian lifestyle on the West Side, with classic artist's lofts in the form of the Westbeth Artists Community and Julian Schnabel's Palazzo Chupi. It is also the site of sleek new residential towers designed by American architect Richard Meier facing the Hudson River at 173/176 Perry Street.

The High Line connects the historic district to the art galleries in Chelsea and points north. The elevated train tracks running parallel to Tenth Avenue have been converted to an open greenway. The tracks once served the businesses in the area, but have been long abandoned and converted into a popular public park.

Geography[edit]

Stark modern architecture facing the river at the foot of Charles and Perry Streets

The neighborhood is distinguished by streets that are "off the grid" — set at an angle to the other streets in Manhattan — sometimes confusing both tourists and city residents alike. These roads were laid out in an 18th-century grid plan, approximately parallel or perpendicular to the Hudson, long before the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 which created the main street grid plan for later parts of the city. Even streets that were given numbers in the 19th century to make them nominally part of the grid can be idiosyncratic, at best. West 4th Street, formerly Asylum Street, crosses West 10th, 11th and 12th Streets, ending at an intersection with West 13th Street. Heading north on Greenwich Street, West 12th Street is separated by three blocks from Little West 12th Street, which in turn is one block south of West 13th Street.

The Meatpacking District at the north end of this neighborhood, also known as the "Gansevoort Historic District" is filled with trendy boutiques and nightclubs. It is also the area's most concentrated site of grand larceny. In February 2013 the NYPD passed out 3,500 fliers to bars and clubs in the Sixth Precinct warning people to guard their valuables, especially at district's clubs, due to the rise in grand larceny rates.[4] Police have said these crimes mosty happen in the Meatpacking District from 11 p.m. to 3 a.m.[5] Grand larceny in New York refers to stealing property worth $1,000 or more or property taken from the person of another without the threat of force (robbery), among other definitions.[6] In the summer of 2012, a female went to three clothing stores in the West Village. At each store, she went into the dressing room and cut off the security tags of clothing worth more than $1,000.[7] Another example of grand larceny is when a person attempts to take a person's unattended bag from a bar as these belongings usually include debit and credit cards and cell phones.[8][9]

Beginning in the early 1980s, residential development spread in the far West Village, between the Hudson River and Hudson Street from West Houston to West 14th Streets.[10]

Daily population[edit]

The Market NYC an artists, designers, vintage and an indoor flea market on Bleecker Street

The approximate residential population in the West Village is 34,000 people based on seven 2010 Census Tracts (67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77 and 79) for Manhattan Community District 2.[11] The following are some population characteristics:[12]

  • Fewer kids. 10% of the population in the West Village is less than 20 years old (27% of population of entire US is less than 20 years old[13])
  • More 20-39 year olds. 45% of the population in the West Village is 20–39 years old (versus 27% in entire US[13])
  • More women. Females aged 20–39 make up 25% of the population in the West Village (13% of population in entire US[13]) Females aged 20–29 make up 14% of the population in the West Village versus 7% in the entire US. Females in West Village represent 52% of the population versus 51% in all of the US.
  • More foreign-born. 80% of the population was born in the US (87% in entire US[14])
  • More money. Average household income by census tract was $180,000 (compared to $51,000 average household income by state for entire US[15])

A NYU study estimates 1,610,000 workers commute to Manhattan during the workweek,[16] and the West Village is the destination for a small portion of these commuters; 0.5% of the total commuter estimate or approximately 8,000 people.

A third leg to the daily population estimate is out-of-town visitors. A portion of these approximately 139,452 domestic and international visitors that enter the city daily[17] visit or stay in the West Village; an average of 11,000 people visit the High Line everyday.[18] With a large portion of these visitors to the High Line using the entrance/exit in the West Village, as well as incorporating visitors to other parts of the West Village, 9% of the total is 13,000 people.

Streets that attract non-residents to the West Village based on restaurants, stores and foot traffic include 14th Street, Bleecker and Christopher Streets and areas around PATH stations (three in the West Village).

The average daily population in the West Village from these three legs is 55,000 people. [19]

Sites and attractions[edit]

West Village Post Office

Subway service[edit]

Sixth Precinct crime data[edit]

  • Year-to-date crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime (as of May 12, 2013).
  • Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012.[20]
  • In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct.

There were approximately nine crime complaints per day in the NYPC Sixth Precinct (West Village and area east of Sixth Avenue to Broadway between Houston and 14th Streets) year-to-date as of May 12, 2013 according to NYPD crime data.[20] This data does not include information for other types of police activity, such as the number of radio runs, calls about trespassing, graffiti charges or resisting arrest.

Using the residential population of the West Village versus Greenwich Village east of Sixth Avenue as a proxy, approximately half of these daily crimes (4.5 per day) occurred in the West Village.[21] There is no public data that bifurcates the crime statistics for the Sixth Precinct into smaller areas. 86% of the total tabulated crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct related to instances of stealing (robbery, burglary, grand larceny, grand larceny auto, petit larceny) compared to 71% citywide.

Year-to-date crime complaints increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime. Notably, instances of grand larceny (which comprised 38% of total crime statistics in the precinct) increased 28.6% year-over-year as of April 12, 2013.

The Sixth Precinct had a slightly higher crime rate than the rest of the city. Every day one out of 12,000 people called in a crime in the Sixth Precinct compared to one of 14,000 citywide.[20] These figures use NYPD crime statistics and population data for the Sixth Precinct[21] and for all of New York City.[22]

Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012.[20] In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct. This tabulation includes all types of crime complaints, from murders to petit larceny. Excluding cases of petit larceny (such as a person stealing a bottle of shampoo from a drug store), crime increased 5% in 2012.

Non-emergency municipal services (3-1-1)[edit]

Community Board 2 (CB2) deals with land use and zoning matters, municipal service delivery and community concerns of an area including the West Village. New York City's Community Boards review data collected by the 311 Customer Service Center. 3-1-1 (3-1-1) is a non-emergency telephone number, and New York City releases monthly reports on the number of requests for services to 311.[23]

Even though this 3-1-1 data includes information from areas surrounding the West Village, the monthly 3-1-1 reports serve as a proxy for what people in the West Village are complaining about.

In April 2013 (as of data downloaded on May 20, 2013) there were 77 non-emergency calls per day, up 8% sequentially and down 2% year-over-year. The three most common complaints are noise related (9 to 17 a day), lost property in cabs or complaints about cab service (13 to 18 a day), and reports of city property damage (10 to 15 a day).[23]

NYC bike share program[edit]

The NYC Bike Share/Citi Bike program will launch at the end of May 2013, according to updates as of May 20, 2013.[24] Based on one station map, there will be 14 bike share stations in the West Village with a total of 466 bike docks.[25][26]

Current/prior residents that are film and TV stars[edit]

Matthew Broderick, Andy Samberg, Claire Danes,[27] Will Ferrell,[28] Jill Hennessy, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Seth Meyers, Julianne Moore, Sarah Jessica Parker, Brooke Shields, and Liv Tyler.[29][30]

Costas Kondylis' 1 Morton Square residential development (on Morton and West Street, completed in 2004): Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, Daniel Radcliffe

Richard Meier's towers (173 Perry Street, 176 Perry Street, 165 Charles Street - all by West Street, Perry Street towers completed in 2002, Charles Street tower completed in 2004):[31][32] Jim Carrey, Hugh Jackman, and Nicole Kidman

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bounded "roughly" by these demarcations, per Wilson, Claire. "Neighborhoods: The West Village". Topics.NYTimes.com (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  2. ^ Cheslow, Jerry (April 18, 1993). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Far West Village". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  3. ^ (nd) Greenwich Village East and West - History and Legacies. Arts and Music Pennsylvania. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
  4. ^ "Alleged Stolen Phone Seller Busted at 6th Avenue Tattoo Shop". dnainfo.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  5. ^ "iPhone bar thefts have sent Village crime rate soaring". thevillager.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Article 155 - New York State Penal Law Code - Larceny". ypdcrime.com. January 20, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Police Blotter, Week of August 16, 2012". thevillager.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ Name. "Police Blotter, week of Jan. 24, 2013". thevillager.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ Name. "Police Blotter, Week of Dec. 27, 2012". thevillager.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  10. ^ Johnston, Laurie (April 18, 1982). "The Far West Village". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Manhattan CD 2 Profile" (PDF). Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  12. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t
  13. ^ a b c "National Characteristics: Vintage 2011". census.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/acs-19.pdf
  15. ^ "Income Statistics - U.S Census Bureau". census.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  16. ^ http://wagner.nyu.edu/rudincenter/publications/dynamic_pop_manhattan.pdf
  17. ^ "NYC & Company: The Official Marketing, Tourism and Partnership Organization for the City of New York". Nycandcompany.orn. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Park Information - Friends of the High Line". thehighline.org. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Approval Matrix". New York. July 18–25, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c d "NYPD - Office of the Chief of Department". nyc.gov. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "American FactFinder". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Population - New York City Department of City Planning". nyc.gov. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "311 Reporting". nyc.gov. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  24. ^ "About". Citi Bike NYC. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Citi Bike - Your bike sharing system in New York City". citibikenyc.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Citi Bike Station Map - New York City Bike Share". A841-tfpweb.nyc.gov. March 22, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  27. ^ Sara Nathan. "Claire Danes snaps up a $6.8 million West Village townhouse to raise her newborn son...and it's nicer than Carrie Mathison's bleak duplex". London: dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Vornado’s Steve Roth Sells West Village Loft for Four Times What He Paid". observer.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Celebrity Homes In The West Village". Business Insider. September 28, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  30. ^ "NYC Celebrity Star Map 2014 - Where Celebrities Live in New York City". rentenna.com. January 20, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  31. ^ Knowawall. "Richard Meier & Partners Architects LLP". richardmeier.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  32. ^ Knowawall. "Richard Meier & Partners Architects LLP". richardmeier.com. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°44′09″N 74°00′13″W / 40.73578°N 74.00357°W / 40.73578; -74.00357