West Virginia's 1st congressional district

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West Virginia's 1st congressional district
United States House of Representatives, West Virginia District 1 map.png
Current Representative David McKinley (RWheeling)
Population (2010) 615,991
Median income $30,303
Ethnicity 96.4% White, 1.8% Black, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+14[1]

West Virginia's 1st congressional district is located in the northern part of the state. It is the most regularly drawn of the state's three districts.

It includes the industrial Rust Belt area of the state's northern panhandle which includes the district's third largest city, Wheeling, as well as Fairmont, Clarksburg, and the college town of Morgantown, the home of the main campus of West Virginia University. The largest city in the district is Parkersburg; the second largest is Morgantown. It also includes many rural farm and timber producing areas. The district has almost no population change reported in the 2010 Census change relative to the other 2 districts, as growth around Morgantown and Parkersburg offset population loss elsewhere, and the district was carried over unchanged for the next ten year cycle.

The district is currently represented by David McKinley, a Republican who has represented the district since 2011.

West Virginia has tended to give its congressmen long tenures in Washington, and the 1st District is no exception. Only four men have represented the district since 1953: Bob Mollohan (D) (1953–1957), former Governor Arch Moore, Jr. (R) (1957–1969), Bob Mollohan again (1969–1983), Alan Mollohan (1983–2011) and McKinley.

Despite the lack of turnover in the congressional seat, the 1st is not considered safe for either party. The cities are Democratic strongholds, while the rural areas are much more conservative and have a tendency to swing Republican more often. State legislators are roughly equally split between both parties.

While the district and state as a whole has been very Democratic, West Virginia Democrats tend to be somewhat more socially conservative than their counterparts in the rest of the nation, and the district has been swept up in the growing Republican trend in the state at the national level. No Democrat since Bill Clinton (who did so by a plurality in a three way race) has carried the 1st District in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried the district both times in 2000 with 54% of the vote and 2004 with 58% of the vote. John McCain carried the district in 2008 with 56.77% of the vote while Barack Obama received 41.51%.

History[edit]

The First District has always included Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, and Wetzel counties.[2] The original 1863 districting included also Tyler, Pleasants, Doddridge, Harrison, Ritchie, Wood, Wirt, Gilmer, Calhoun and Lewis counties.[2] In 1882, the counties of Tyler, Doddridge, Harrison, Gilmer, Lewis and Braxton were added to the core counties.[2] In 1902, the core counties were joined by Marion, Harrison, and Lewis counties.[2] In the 1916 redistricting it included only the five core counties and Marion and Taylor.[2] The district was unchanged in the 1934 and 1954 redistrictings.[2] In 1962, Braxton, Calhoun, Doddridge, Gilmer, Harrison, Lewis, Marion and Taylor joined the five core counties.[2] The 1972 redistricting added Tyler, Pleasants, and Woods and deleted Taylor.[2] The 1982 redistricting added Taylor back to the district.[2]

1992 began the district as currently constituted, consisting of Barbour, Brooke, Doddridge, Grant, Hancock, Harrison, Marion, Marshall, Mineral, Monongalia, Ohio, Pleasants, Preston, Ritchie, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Wetzel and Wood counties.[2] In 2002 Gilmer was added.[2] For the election cycle that begins in 2012 the district was unchanged.[2]

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created December 17, 1863
No image.svg Jacob B. Blair Unconditional Unionist December 17, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Retired
Chester D. Hubbard.jpg Chester D. Hubbard Unconditional Unionist March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1867
Lost re-election
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 4, 1869
Isaac Harding Duval.jpg Isaac H. Duval Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1871
Retired
JohnJDavisWV.jpg John J. Davis Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1875
Retired
No image.svg Benjamin Wilson Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1883
Lost re-election
Nathan Goff, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg Nathan Goff, Jr. Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
Retired
No image.svg John O. Pendleton Democratic March 4, 1889 –
February 26, 1890
Lost contested election
George W. Atkinson.gif George W. Atkinson Republican February 26, 1890 –
March 4, 1891
Lost re-election
No image.svg John O. Pendleton Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 4, 1895
Lost re-election
No image.svg Blackburn B. Dovener Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1907
Lost re-election
WilliamPHubbard.jpg William P. Hubbard Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 4, 1911
Retired
John William Davis.jpg John W. Davis Democratic March 4, 1911 –
August 29, 1913
Resigned to become U.S. Solicitor General
Vacant August 29, 1913 –
October 14, 1913
Matthewneely.jpg Matthew M. Neely Democratic October 14, 1913 –
March 4, 1921
Lost re-election
BenjaminLRosenbloom.jpg Benjamin L. Rosenbloom Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1925
Lost re-election
Carl G. Bachmann.jpg Carl G. Bachmann Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1933
Lost re-election
RobertLRamsay.jpg Robert L. Ramsay Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
Lost re-election
No image.svg A. C. Schiffler Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Lost re-election
RobertLRamsay.jpg Robert L. Ramsay Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Lost re-election
No image.svg A. C. Schiffler Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lost re-election
Matthewneely.jpg Matthew M. Neely Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Lost re-election
No image.svg Francis J. Love Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Lost re-election
RobertLRamsay.jpg Robert L. Ramsay Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Lost re-election
No image.svg Bob Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
Lost re-election
Arch A. Moore, Jr..jpg Arch A. Moore, Jr. Republican January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1969
Resigned to become Governor of West Virginia
No image.svg Bob Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1983
Retired
Alan Mollohan, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Alan Mollohan Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
Davidmckinley.jpg David McKinley Republican January 3, 2011 –
Present
Elected in 2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress". The Cook Political Report. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l West Virginia Blue Book, pp. 534 (2012 edition)

Coordinates: 39°22′55″N 80°16′07″W / 39.38194°N 80.26861°W / 39.38194; -80.26861