West Virginia House of Delegates

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West Virginia House of Delegates
West Virginia Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 2015
Leadership
Tim Miley (D)
since June 18, 2013
Speaker pro tempore
Randy Swartzmiller (D)
since January 18, 2013
Majority Leader
Harry Keith White (D)
since 2013
Minority Leader
Tim Armstead (R)
since January 10, 2007
Structure
Seats 100
Composition of the West Virginia House of Delegates
Political groups

Governing party

Opposition party

Length of term
2 years
Authority Article VI, West Virginia Constitution
Salary $20,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 4, 2014
(100 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2016
(100 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
WV-House-of-Delegate.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
West Virginia State Capitol
Charleston, West Virginia
Website
West Virginia State Legislature

The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. Only three states—Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia—refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

Organization[edit]

Regular sessions begin with an organizational day on the second Wednesday of January of each year.[2] The length of regular session is limited to 60 calendar days.[2] The governor can call for special sessions.[2]

Delegates are elected for terms of two years.[2]

Legislative process[edit]

Delegates submit bill proposals to the Office of Legislative Services or legislative staff counsel, who draft the bill.[3] Once the bill draft is approved by the delegate, it is submitted for introduction.[3] Bills then undergo committee review and three readings in the house of origin and then the other house of the state legislature.[3]

An unusual feature of the West Virginia legislative process is that revenue bills can originate in either house.[2] The state constitution also prohibits multiple subjects in a single bill.[2]

If approved by both the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia Senate, bills are submitted to the governor, who may sign them into law or veto them.[2] State legislators can override the governor's veto of bills with a simple majority vote of both houses, unless the bill is a revenue bill, in which case two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto or line-item veto.[2]

Membership[edit]

Historical[edit]

Affiliation (Elected) Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Other
25th legislature (1900) 21 50 71 0
26th legislature (1902) 29 57 86 0
27th legislature (1904) 25 61 86 0
28th legislature (1906) 26 60 86 0
29th Legislature (1908) 25 61 86 0
30th legislature (1910) 63 23 86 0
31st legislature (1912) 33 53 86 0
32nd legislature (1914) 27 56 86 3 (Fusion Party)
33rd legislature (1916) 52 42 94 0
34th legislature (1918) 24 70 94 0
35th legislature (1920) 21 73 94 0
36th legislature (1922) 65 29 94 0
37th legislature (1924) 40 54 94 0
38th legislature (1926) 33 60 94 1 (Square Deal Party)
39th Legislature (1928) 31 63 94 0
40th legislature (1930) 68 26 94 0
41st legislature (1932) 79 15 94 0
42nd legislature (1934) 72 22 94 0
43rd legislature (1936) 82 12 94 0
44th legislature (1938) 70 24 94 0
45th legislature (1940) 74 20 94 0
46th legislature (1942) 50 44 94 0
47th legislature (1944) 65 29 94 0
48th legislature (1946) 56 38 94 0
49th Legislature (1948) 78 16 94 0
50th Legislature (1950) 67 27 94 0
51st legislature (1952) 67 33 100 0
52nd legislature (1954) 76 24 100 0
53rd legislature (1956) 58 42 100 0
54th legislature (1958) 85 15 100 0
55th legislature (1960) 82 18 100 0
56th legislature (1962) 76 24 100 0
57th legislature (1964) 91 9 100 0
58th legislature (1966) 65 35 100 0
59th Legislature (1968) 63 37 100 0
60th Legislature (1970) 68 32 100 0
61st legislature (1972) 57 43 100 0
62nd legislature (1974) 86 14 100 0
63rd legislature (1976) 91 9 100 0
64th legislature (1978) 74 26 100 0
65th legislature (1980) 78 22 100 0
66th legislature (1982) 87 13 100 0
67th legislature (1984) 73 27 100 0
68th legislature (1986) 78 22 100 0
69th Legislature (1988) 80 20 100 0
70th Legislature (1990) 74 26 100 0
71st legislature (1992) 79 21 100 0
72nd legislature (1994) 69 31 100 0
73rd legislature (1996) 74 26 100 0
74th legislature (1998) 75 25 100 0
75th legislature (2000) 75 25 100 0
76th legislature (2002) 69 31 100 0
77th legislature (2004) 68 32 100 0
78th legislature (2006) 72 28 100 0
79th Legislature (2008) 69 31 100 0
80th Legislature (2010) 65 35 100 0
81st Legislature First Session (2012) 54 46 100 0
81st Legislature Second Session(2013)[4] 53 47 100 0
82nd Legislature (2014) 36 64 100 0
Latest voting share 36% 64%

Current[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of 2011 session 65 35 100 0
Beginning of 2013 session 54 46 100 0
As of November 25, 2013 53 47 100 0
Beginning of 82nd Legislature 36 64 100 0

Current Composition Map[edit]

81st Legislature (2013-2014)[edit]

Map of the composition of the West Virginia House of Delegates of the 81st (2013-2015) Legislature.

82nd Legislature (2015-2016)[edit]

Map of the composition of the West Virginia House of Delegates of the 81st (2013-2015) Legislature.

District organization[edit]

Prior to the 1970 Census, districts always respected county lines, with districts always consisting of either a single entire county, or several entire counties. Beginning with that year, the state began to use smaller geographic areas.

The 2000 House of Delegates' districting system divided the state into 58 districts that elect a varying number of members. The majority of districts, 35, were single-member districts. 23 districts are multi-member constituencies, varying from two to seven (the 30th District in Kanawha County) delegates.

In response to the 2010 Census, the Legislature again was required to redistrict. The Republican Party, and groups from the growing eastern panhandle and Putnam County were among those calling for 100 single member districts. Eventually redistricting was adopted by House Bill 201, which divided the state into 67 districts, of which 47 are one member districts, 11 two member districts, 6 three member districts, 2 four member districts, and one five member district. The old 30th District was abolished, however the five member district, covering most of Monongalia County, remains among the ten largest multi-member lower house districts in the country. These changes took effect with the 2012 election cycle. The state Supreme Court rejected legal challenges and no federal challenge was filed.

Speaker[edit]

The Speaker of the House is selected by its members. In contrast to the tradition of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the Speaker must vote unless excused. The House rules state that in some cases, he or she is not required to vote unless the House is equally divided, or unless his vote, if given to the minority, will make the division equal. In the latter case, the question is lost.

House of Delegates Leadership[edit]

Position Name Party District County
Speaker of the House Tim Miley Democratic 41 Harrison Co.
Speaker pro tempore Randy Swartzmiller Democratic 1 Hancock Co.
Majority Leader Harry Keith White Democratic 21 Mingo Co.
Minority Leader Tim Armstead Republican 32 Kanawha Co.
Majority Whip Mike Caputo Democratic 43 Marion Co.
Minority Whip Mitch Carmichael Republican 12 Jackson Co.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]