West Virginia Legislature
|West Virginia Legislature|
House of Delegates
|President of the Senate||Jeffrey V. Kessler, (D)
Since November 14, 2011
|Speaker of the House||Richard Thompson, (D)
Since January 11, 2007
|Political groups||Democratic Party
|Last election||November 2, 2010|
|West Virginia State Capitol, Charleston|
The West Virginia Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of West Virginia. A bicameral legislative body, the Legislature is split between the upper Senate and the lower House of Delegates. It was established under Article VI of the West Virginia Constitution following the state's split from Virginia during the American Civil War in 1863. As with its neighbor and former constituent Virginia General Assembly, the legislature's lower house is also referred to as a "House of Delegates."
Senators are elected for terms of four years and delegates for terms of two years. These terms are staggered, meaning that not all 34 State Senate seats are up every election: some are elected presidential election years and some are up during midterm elections.
Regular sessions of the Legislature commence on the second Wednesday of January of each year. However, following the election of a new governor, the session starts in January with the governor's address but then adjourns until February. On the first day of the session, members of both the House and the Senate sit in joint session in the House Chamber where the governor presents his or her legislative program. The length of the general session may not go beyond 60 calendar days unless extended by a concurrent resolution adopted by a two-thirds vote of each house. The governor may convene the Legislature for extraordinary sessions. Given the part-time nature of the legislature of West Virginia, multiple extraordinary sessions are not uncommon.
Origination of bills 
Bills, even revenue bills, and resolutions may originate in either house.
Veto override 
For budget bills or supplementary appropriations bills, two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto of a bill or items or parts thereof. For all other bills, a simple majority of each house is required.
See also 
- West Virginia House of Delegates
- West Virginia Senate
- West Virginia State Capitol
- List of members of the 80th West Virginia House of Delegates
- List of members of the 80th West Virginia Senate