West Walton

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Signpost in West Walton

Coordinates: 52°41′50″N 0°10′36″E / 52.69725°N 0.17664°E / 52.69725; 0.17664

West Walton
West Walton village sign.jpg
The Village sign, West Walton, Norfolk
West Walton is located in Norfolk
West Walton
West Walton
 West Walton shown within Norfolk
Area  15.77 km2 (6.09 sq mi)
Population 1,659 (parish, 2001 census)
    - Density  105 /km2 (270 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TF4713
    - London  105 miles (169 km) 
Civil parish West walton
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WISBECH
Postcode district PE14
Dialling code 01945
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

West Walton is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk[1] The village is 56.5 miles (90.9 km) west of Norwich, 13.9 miles (22.4 km) west-south-west of King's Lynn and 105 miles (169 km) north of London. The nearest town is Wisbech which is 2.6 miles (4.2 km) south of the village. The nearest railway station is at Watlington, Norfolk for the Fen Line which runs between King's Lynn and Cambridge. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The parish of West Walton, in the 2001 census, has a population of 1659. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk.

Description[edit]

The village and parish of West Walton is located in the western part of the county of Norfolk. The western flank of the parish is also the county border between Norfolk and Cambridgeshire and is also the course of the River Nene. On the southern flank is the parish of Walsoken. To the north is Walpole and to the east is Marshland St James. The name West Walton is thought to derive from the Old English meaning of the settlement by the wall[2] which refers to the village's proximity to a Roman sea wall or defence.

History[edit]

West Walton was established by the time of the Norman Conquest. The village's population, land ownership and productive resources were detailed in its entry in the Domesday Book of 1085.[3] In the great book West Walton is recorded by the name Waltuna. The parish was held by William de Warenne with the Abbot of St peter and St Paul, Cluny from him, The Abbot of Ely before and after 1066, and Oder from Ralph de Beufour. The survey mentions ½ Church, 38 Salt Houses and 1100 sheep. the survey also records the presence of a fishery. In the Domesday survey fractions[4] were used to indicate that the entry, in this case the church, was situated within more than one parish.

Prominent Buildings[edit]

Saint Mary Parish Church[edit]

Saint Mary's dates from the 13th century built about 1240[5] and is unusual in that the church's Campanile, or Bell tower is detached some 60 feet from the main building of the church.[6] The tower is supported at its base by four open arches. At each corner stands a buttress which climb to the pinnacles with gabled niches in the first, second and third storey.[6] The tower is topped with delicately carved parapet walls. The west doorway to the church is flanked on either side by massive buttresses, a result of remedial works carried out here after the foundations failed[6] not long after the church was built. The south porch is arched with arcaded buttress on each side.[6] The nave is arcaded with six bays on each side. The arches are supported on pillars which are encircled by detached shafts crowned with capitals of stone carved foliage.[6] The hammer beamed roof dates from the 15th century and is supported by 24 carved angels holding shields.[6]

The bell tower,[7] and the church itself,[8] have been separately designated by English Heritage as Grade I listed buildings. The bell tower is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[9]

West Walton, Ingleborough towermill[edit]

Ingleborough Tower Windmill is located one mile north of the village, and is located in the yard of Hill House Farm along with a house and assorted farm buildings. The mill is now in a state of disuse.[10] It was designated as a Grade II listed building in 1951.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 235(2006) – Wisbech & Peterborough North, Market Deeping & Crowland. ISBN 0-319-23807-5
  2. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  3. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde,Norfolk page 196, West Walton, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  4. ^ The Normans in Norfolk, By Sue Margeson, Fabienne Seillier and Andrew Rogerson, Pub:1994, Page 21, ISBN 0-903101-62-9
  5. ^ Norfolk 2: Norfolk: North-west and South, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, North Runcton entry. 0-300-09657-7
  6. ^ a b c d e f The King's England series, NORFOLK, by Arthur Mee,Pub:Hodder and Stoughton,1972, page 270 Saxthorpe, ISBN 0-340-15061-0
  7. ^ "Bell tower of Church of St Mary, West Walton", Heritage Gateway website (Heritage Gateway (English Heritage, Institute of Historic Building Conservation and ALGAO:England)), 2006, retrieved 5 February 2011 
  8. ^ "Church of St Mary, West Walton", Heritage Gateway website (Heritage Gateway (English Heritage, Institute of Historic Building Conservation and ALGAO:England)), 2006, retrieved 5 February 2011 
  9. ^ St Mary bell tower, West Walton, Norfolk, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 25 March 2011 
  10. ^ "Properties that would be perfect renovation projects". Daily Telegraph. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "Ingleborough Mill (1077675)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 January 2012 .

External links[edit]

Media related to West Walton at Wikimedia Commons