West Windsor Township, New Jersey

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West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Windsor
West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673Coordinates: 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[8]
 • Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Shing-Fu Hsueh (term ends June 30, 2013)[3][4][5]
 • Administrator Marlena Schmid[6]
 • Clerk Sharon L. Young[7]
Area[2][9]
 • Total 26.271 sq mi (68.041 km2)
 • Land 25.564 sq mi (66.210 km2)
 • Water 0.707 sq mi (1.832 km2)  2.69%
Area rank 101st of 566 in state
3rd of 13 in county[2]
Elevation[10] 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)[11][12][13]
 • Total 27,165
 • Estimate (2013)[14] 28,366
 • Rank 87th of 566 in state
6th of 13 in county[15]
 • Density 1,062.6/sq mi (410.3/km2)
 • Density rank 374th of 566 in state
10th of 13 in county[15]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08550 - Princeton Junction[16][17]
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3402180240[2][18][19]
GNIS feature ID 0882124[2][20]
Website www.westwindsornj.org

West Windsor Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,165,[11][12][13] reflecting an increase of 5,258 (+24.0%) from the 21,907 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,886 (+36.7%) from the 16,021 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

West Windsor Township was established by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 9, 1797, and incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. The Borough of Princeton (now part of Princeton) was formed from portions of the township on February 11, 1813.[22]

A portion of Princeton University covering 400 acres (160 ha) south of Lake Carnegie is located in West Windsor Township.[23] The University agreed in 2009 to make an annual payment in lieu of taxes of $50,000 that would be indexed to inflation to cover 81 acres (33 ha) of land in the township that the university had purchased in 2002.[24]

In 2008, Forbes listed West Windsor as the 15th most affluent neighborhood in the U.S.[25]

Geography[edit]

View west along the Assunpink Creek in West Windsor.

West Windsor Township is located at 40°17′25″N 74°37′40″W / 40.290253°N 74.627673°W / 40.290253; -74.627673 (40.290253,-74.627673). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 26.271 square miles (68.041 km2), of which, 25.564 square miles (66.210 km2) of it is land and 0.707 square miles (1.832 km2) (2.69%) of it is water.[1][2]

Princeton Junction (with a 2010 Census population of 2,465)[26] is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within West Windsor.[27][28][29]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,714
1820 1,918 11.9%
1830 2,129 11.0%
1840 1,536 −27.9%
1850 1,596 3.9%
1860 1,497 −6.2%
1870 1,428 −4.6%
1880 1,396 −2.2%
1890 1,329 −4.8%
1900 1,279 −3.8%
1910 1,342 4.9%
1920 1,389 3.5%
1930 1,711 23.2%
1940 2,160 26.2%
1950 2,519 16.6%
1960 4,016 59.4%
1970 6,431 60.1%
1980 8,542 32.8%
1990 16,021 87.6%
2000 21,907 36.7%
2010 27,165 24.0%
Est. 2013 28,366 [14] 4.4%
Population sources:
1800-1920[30] 1840[31] 1850-1870[32]
1850[33] 1870[34] 1880-1890[35]
1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[11][12][13]

AOL/NeighborhoodScout named West Windsor in 2009 as the best neighborhood to raise children because of its school district (top 7% in New Jersey, top 3% nationwide), prevailing family type (families with school-aged children), and neighborhood safety (safer than 97% of neighborhoods).[41]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,165 people, 9,449 households, and 7,606 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,062.6 per square mile (410.3/km2). There were 9,810 housing units at an average density of 383.7 per square mile (148.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 54.94% (14,924) White, 3.67% (998) Black or African American, 0.09% (25) Native American, 37.71% (10,245) Asian, 0.04% (10) Pacific Islander, 0.97% (263) from other races, and 2.58% (700) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.47% (1,213) of the population.[11]

There were 9,449 households, of which 45.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.23.[11]

In the township, 28.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[11]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $137,265 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,610) and the median family income was $156,110 (+/- $6,769). Males had a median income of $120,662 (+/- $6,410) versus $71,151 (+/- $9,841) for females. The per capita income for the township was $59,946 (+/- $3,307). About 3.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.[42]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[19] there were 21,907 people, 7,282 households, and 5,985 families residing in the township. The population density was 842.4 people per square mile (325.2/km²). There were 7,450 housing units at an average density of 286.5 per square mile (110.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 71.53% White, 2.76% African American, 0.08% Native American, 22.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.07% of the population.[39][40]

As of the 2000 census, 8.31% of West Windsor Township's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the fourth highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[43]

There were 7,282 households out of which 50.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.36.[39][40]

In the township the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.[39][40]

The median income for a household in the township was $116,335, and the median income for a family was $127,877. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $56,002 for females. The per capita income for the township was $48,511. About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[39][40]

Economy[edit]

NRG Energy has its corporate headquarters in West Windsor Township.[44][45]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

West Windsor Township is governed under the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) within the Mayor-Council form of New Jersey municipal government (Plan 6), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1993.[8][46] From the time of its formation in 1798, until 1993, the Township had been governed by a Township Committee, which combined both executive and legislative authority. In May 1993, West Windsor Township residents voted to change their form of government from the Township Committee to a Faulkner Act form.

Under the township's Mayor-Council form of government, the Mayor and Council function as independent branches of government. The Mayor is the Chief Executive of the Township and heads its Administration. The Mayor is elected in a non-partisan election and serves for a four-year term. The Mayor may attend Council meetings but is not obliged to do so. The Council is the legislative branch. The five members of the Township Council are elected on a non-partisan basis for four-year, staggered terms. At the annual organizational meeting held during the first week of July of each year, the Council elects a President and Vice President to serve for one-year terms. The Council President chairs the meetings of the governing body.[47]

As of 2014, the Mayor of West Windsor Township is Shing-Fu Hsueh, whose term of office ends December 31, 2017.[48] Members of the West Windsor Township Council are Council President Brian Maher (2015), Council Vice-President Linda Geevers (2017), Peter Mendonez, Jr. (2017), Kristina Samonte (2015), and George Borek (2015).[49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

West Windsor Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[12][51][52] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, West Windsor Township had been in the 14th state legislative district.[53]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[54] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[55][56] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[57][58]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 15th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[59][60] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[61] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[62]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year.[63] As of 2014, the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton).[64] Mercer County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton),[65] Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton),[66] Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township),[67] Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton),[68] John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township),[69] Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township)[70] and Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township)[71][72][73] Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015),[74] Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014)[75] and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).[76][4]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,034 registered voters in West Windsor Township, of which 5,384 (33.6%) were registered as Democrats, 2,968 (18.5%) were registered as Republicans and 7,672 (47.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[77]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.3% of the vote here (7,895 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 33.3% (4,092 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (125 votes), among the 12,273 ballots cast by the township's 16,548 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.2%.[78] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.8% of the vote here (6,753 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 39.3% (4,596 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (79 votes), among the 11,684 ballots cast by the township's 14,577 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 80.2.[79]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 49.5% of the vote here (3,918 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 43.4% (3,436 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.0% (474 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (34 votes), among the 7,914 ballots cast by the township's 16,267 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.[80]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

West Windsor is the site of the West Windsor Campus of the Mercer County Community College.[81]

Princeton University's satellite campus is located in West Windsor.[23]

Schools[edit]

Plainsboro Township and West Windsor are part of a combined school district, the West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District, which serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade from the two communities in four elementary schools (grades K - 3), two upper elementary schools (grades 4 and 5), two middle schools (grades 6 - 8) and two high schools (grades 9 - 12). As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 9,804 students and 716.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.69:1.[82] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[83]) are Dutch Neck Elementary School[84] (located in Princeton Junction: serving grades K-3; with 748 students), Maurice Hawk Elementary School[85] (Princeton Junction: K-3; 877), Town Center Elementary School[86] (Plainsboro Township: K-3; 667), J.V.B. Wicoff Elementary School[87] (Plainsboro Township: K-3; 471), Millstone River Elementary School[88] (Plainsboro Township: 4&5, 843), Village Elementary School[89] (Princeton Junction: 4&5; 628), Community Middle School[90] (Plainsboro Township: 6-8; 1,166), Thomas Grover Middle School[91] (Princeton Junction: 6-8; 1,100), West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North[92] (Plainsboro Township: 9-12; 1,659) and West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South[93] (Princeton Junction: 9-12; 1,645).[94][95]

Three of the district's schools have been recognized by the Blue Ribbon Schools Program. West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South was recognized during the 1992-93 school year and Maurice Hawk Elementary School was recognized in 1993-94,[96] while West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North was recognized in the 2006-07 school year.[97]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 151.84 miles (244.36 km) of roadways, of which 123.43 miles (198.64 km) are maintained by the municipality, 24.16 miles (38.88 km) by Mercer County and 4.25 miles (6.84 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[98]

U.S. Route 1 serves the township, as does Route 64 (which is part of CR 571).

CR 533 (Quakerbridge Road) passes along the western border with Lawrence. CR 526 and CR 571 are multiplexed together from the northwestern part until they split in the center of the municipality. CR 535 passes through in the south and serves Mercer County College.

Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality are Interstate 295 (in Hamilton and Lawrence), Interstate 195 (in Hamilton and Robbinsville), and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) (in Robbinsville (Exit 7A) and East Windsor (Exit 8)).

Public transportation[edit]

An Acela Express speeding through West Windsor.

Princeton Junction station, a Northeast Corridor stop on Amtrak and New Jersey Transit, is located within West Windsor. Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional routes stop at Princeton Junction which is ranked as one of the ten busiest train stations in the Northeast.[99] The station had 6,800 average weekday boardings in 2012, the fourth-highest of any New Jersey Transit station in the state.[99][100]

Running between the Princeton Junction station and the Princeton station is what is known to locals as the "Dinky." The Dinky is a one-car train that shuttles back and forth many times a day between the two stations. Traveling 2.7 miles (4.3 km) each way, it is the shortest and most expensive regularly scheduled passenger route in the United States.[101]

NJ Transit bus service to Trenton is provided via the 600, 603, 609, with other area service on the 605 route.[102]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with West Windsor Township include:

Points of interest[edit]

  • Richard J. Coffee Mercer County Park is located on South Post Road. It has athletic fields, a dog park, picnic grounds, a boathouse and marina, a bike trail, and an ice skating rink that is home to the Mercer Bulldogs special hockey team.[117][118]

Notable events[edit]

The West Windsor post office was found to be infected with anthrax during the anthrax attacks in 2001-2002.[119]

The Mercer County Italian-American Festival is held annually in West Windsor on the grounds of Mercer County Park, and will celebrate its 15th annual event in September 2014.[120]

Grover's Mill in West Windsor was the site Orson Welles chose for the Martian invasion in his infamous 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds.[121]

In April 2002, a memorial was dedicated to the seven residents of West Windsor who lost their lives in the September 11 terrorist attacks.[122]

References[edit]

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  87. ^ J.V.B. Wicoff Elementary School, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  88. ^ Millstone River Elementary School, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  89. ^ Village Elementary School, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  90. ^ Community Middle School, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  91. ^ Thomas Grover Middle School, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  92. ^ West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  93. ^ West Windsor-Plainsboro High School South, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  94. ^ Schools, West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  95. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the West Windsor-Plainsboro Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  96. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  97. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized in 2006, United States Department of Education. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  98. ^ Mercer County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  99. ^ a b NJ Transit Facts at a Glance - Fiscal Year 2012, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  100. ^ Train Station, West Windsor Township Business Opportunities. Accessed December 2, 2013. "The Princeton Junction Train Station (PJC) is the second busiest train station on the Northeast corridor of New Jersey and the eighth most heavily used AMTRAK station in New Jersey, providing efficient rail service into important business destinations such as New York, Philadelphia, and Newark Liberty International Airport."
  101. ^ Reed, J. D. The Little Engine That Can, The New York Times, March 31, 2002. Accessed May 10, 2011. "So the single car, operated by New Jersey Transit, plies back and forth about every half hour between the magnolia-budded tranquility of the university campus and the hard-edged, workday bustle of Princeton Junction a mere 2.7 miles (4.3 km) away, making it perhaps the shortest regularly scheduled passenger route in America."
  102. ^ Mercer County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed September 17, 2011.
  103. ^ Reader, Bill. "Seattle Pilots ... Where are they now?", The Seattle Times, July 9, 2006. Accessed July 6, 2014. "Aker, 65, lives in West Windsor, N.J., with his wife Jane Charnin-Aker, who won $250,000 on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in 2001."
  104. ^ Meggitt, Jane. Braves give Barry a shot at major league pitching, Allentown Examiner, July 3, 2006. Accessed February 22, 2011. "Kevin grew up in West Windsor, and the two dated while Samantha attended Allentown High School and The College of New Jersey in Ewing. He went to West Windsor High School and Rider University in the Lawrenceville section of Lawrence. The couple married in 2003."
  105. ^ Tracy, Ryan. "Obama taps WW-PS alum for technology post", The Times (Trenton), April 21, 2009. Accessed February 22, 2011. "President Obama has picked a graduate of West Windsor-Plainsboro High School to be the nation's first chief technology officer. Aneesh Chopra, 36, graduated from West Windsor's south campus in 1990 and spent the last three years as secretary of technology under Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine."
  106. ^ Litsky, Frank. Stanley Dancer, Harness Racing Champion, Dies at 78, The New York Times, September 9, 2005. Accessed February 22, 2011.
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  108. ^ Profile of Ethan Hawke, Hello Magazine. Accessed February 22, 2011. "Born in Austin, Texas, on November 6, 1970, Ethan was just three years old when his parents divorced and he and his mother moved across the country to settle in West Windsor, New Jersey."
  109. ^ Kris Kolluri Appointed as CEO of SDA: DOT Commissioner to join Authority on December 1, 2008, New Jersey Schools Development Authority press release dated November 6, 2008. Accessed February 22, 2011.
  110. ^ Staff. Jersey Man to Head Scouts, The New York Times, October 21, 1984. Accessed June 12. 2012. "Mr. Love, who is 54 years old and lives in Princeton Junction, N.J., has headed the organization's Northeast region, based in Dayton, N.J."
  111. ^ Glenn Michibata, Princeton Tigers. Accessed July 6, 2014. "Michibata and his wife Angie live in West Windsor with their daughter Cori and son Matthew."
  112. ^ Staff. "John Forbes Nash May Lose N.J. Home", Associated Press, March 14, 2002. Accessed July 6, 2014. "WEST WINDSOR, N.J. (AP) _ John Forbes Nash, whose life is chronicled in the Oscar-nominated movie A Beautiful Mind, could lose his home if the township picks one of its proposals to replace a nearby bridge."
  113. ^ Schwarz, Alan. The Rays Receive Help From an Unlikely Place, The New York Times, October 4, 2008. Accessed February 22, 2011. "A native of West Windsor, N.J., who each off-season rents an apartment with friends in a different neighborhood of New York, Perez was named the Rays’ minor league player of the year for hitting .288 with 43 stolen bases at Class AAA Durham this season, only his third as a switch-hitter."
  114. ^ Miller, Lynn. "Sugar Plum Role For WW Teen In Nutcracker", West Windsor & Plainsboro News, November 30, 2007. Accessed April 14, 2008. "Rogers, 16, is a junior at High School South. Born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, she has lived in West Windsor for eight years. Her father, Steve Rogers, a former baseball player, works at the Major League Baseball Players Association."
  115. ^ Weinraub, Bernard. "Film: An Unusual Choice for the Role of Studio Superhero", The New York Times, July 9, 2000. Accessed July 6, 2014. "As a child, Mr. Singer grew up in Princeton Junction, N.J."
  116. ^ Magaraci, Joel. "West Windsor's David Zhuang knocked off in table tennis", NJ.com, August 19, 2008. Accessed July 6, 2014.
  117. ^ Mercer County Ice Skating Center, Mercer County Park Commission. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  118. ^ Home page, Mercer Special Hockey. Accessed August 22, 2014.
  119. ^ Kleinfeld, N. R. A Nation Challenged: The Sites; Anthrax Closes a 3rd New Jersey Post Office, The New York Times, October 28, 2001. Accessed September 17, 2011. "New Jersey health officials said the bin at the Princeton Main Post Office in neighboring West Windsor tested positive for what they said was a tiny, 'single colony' of anthrax. Some 60 to 70 people work at the center."
  120. ^ Home page, Mercer County Italian American Festival. Accessed august 22, 2014.
  121. ^ History, Township or West Windsor. Accessed April 6, 2012. "Martians from the Orson Welles produced radio drama based on the book The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells. In this drama, the audience was told that an alien spacecraft had landed on a farm near Grovers Mill, located in West Windsor."
  122. ^ West Windsor 9/11 Memorial, Voices of September 11th. Accessed December 2, 2013.

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