West Worldham

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West Worldham
St Nicholas, West Worldham - geograph.org.uk - 1494523.jpg
St Nicholas Church
West Worldham is located in Hampshire
West Worldham
West Worldham
 West Worldham shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU741369
Civil parish Worldham
District East Hampshire
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 51°07′38″N 0°56′31″W / 51.12717°N 0.94205°W / 51.12717; -0.94205

West Worldham is a small village in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is 2.1 miles (3.4 km) southeast of Alton. Hartley Mauditt and East Worldham are nearby, which along with West Worldham form the Parish of Worldham. West Worldham contains some eighteen houses with a population of about 50;[1] about half the population of 1851, when it was 98.[2] Of note is the Manor Farm and cottage and the late 12th century St Nicholas Church, both Grade II listed buildings.

History[edit]

Archeological findings in the fields between West and East Worldham reveal that the area has been visited and inhabited since at least the Palaeolithic era.[3] An Iron Age hillfort, dated to around 100 BC, lay on the summit of King John‘s Hill, to the east of East Worldham.[3] The Romans built a road from Chichester to Silchester that passed below the hill over what is now Green Street and Pookles Lane.[3]

A Victorian postbox on the wall of Pullens Farm
Looking from the churchyard at St Nicholas, towards Manor Farm

The village is believed to have been part of "Werildeham", mentioned in the Domesday Book.[4] At this time, Worldham manor was held by Marshal Geoffrey de Venuz.[3] However, the first mention of West Worldham as a village is in a document dated October 1277.[1] In the late 12th century, Richard de Annecy granted the newly built church of St Nicholas of Worldeham to Hamble Priory.

During its history, Worldham has been spelled in many different ways, including Verilham, Worldham and Werldham in the 14th century and Wardelham in the 16th century.[5] An early occupant was Thomas Paynil, who "died possessed of West Worlddham lands and tenements". During the reign of Edward II, "John Paynel was seized in his demesne as of fee of certain tenements and lands afterwards called the manor of West Worldham and Matilda".[6] Godwin held Worldham during this period, and the land was assessed at 1 hide and 1 yardland.[7] In 1428, the village had "not ten domicilia tenantes".[1] During the medieval period, the area was a noted hunting ground, and the descendents of Geoffrey de Venuz established a private deer park and hunting lodge near here.[3]

The naturalist and ornithologist Gilbert White immortalized the localities of the region, including West Worldham, in his The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne (1789).[8] In 1846, Henry Moody, curator of the Winchester Museum, wrote about West Worldham, "a perpetual curacy in the gift of Winchester College, worth according to the Parliamentary returns £38; but has since received two additional endowments of £200 from Queen Anne's Bounty, and £200 from the warden and fellows of Winchester College, who are the appropriators of the tythes, and patrons of the living."[9] In the next decade, John Dutton, 2nd Baron Sherborne was lord of the manor[2] and his son, James Dutton, 3rd Baron Sherborne, was noted to be its owner in the 1870s.[10] In the late 1800s, William Wickham, MP, was the Guardian of West Worldham.[11] By the early 20th century, the parish of Worldham remained under ownership of Winchester College and the Dutton Estate.[3]

In May 1944, a Junkers Ju 188 was shot down by a Mosquito nearby and its debris was scattered across the village, including the church wall.[1] Later, the inhabitants had to be evacuated when a bomb fell into the field opposite Manor Farm, and had to be defused and removed by the Royal Engineers.[1] In 1962, the Dutton Estate holdings were sold to seven tenant farmers who retained the land they farmed but sold the remaining woodlands and properties.[3]

Geography[edit]

Blanket Street Lane, West Worldham

West Worldham is located in the eastern central part of Hampshire, in the southeast of England, 2.1 miles (3.4 km) southeast of Alton and 5.1 miles (8.2 km) by road northwest of Bordon. In 1862, West Worldham reportedly had an area of 447 acres.[7] The landscape is dominated by farmland and several woods such as Hamble Pits Copse, Wild Duck Copse, Little Wood Copse, Warner's Wood and Pheasant Wood are in the vicinity.[12] There are also rich and dry meadows, as well as greensand.[13] Beyond some slopes is the junction of Oakhanger Stream with River Wey,[14] while the extreme western end of the Weald is situated nearby.[15] Chloritic Marl, characterized as a narrow band at the base of the Chalk Marl,[16] is seen in the lane leading from Alton to West Worldham, and also north-west of Selbourne.[17] Blanket Street connects the village to Hartley Mauditt just to the southwest and East Worldham, a mile to the northeast.[12] At East Worldham this road meets the B3004 road (Caker's Lane) near The Three Horseshoes.[12] The other road leads to the southwest beyond Little Wood Copse and joins the B3006 road (Selbourne Road).[12] The nearest railway station is Alton, 2.1 miles (3.4 km) northwest of the village.

Economy[edit]

Road from West Worldham to Hartley Mauditt

In 2001 West Worldham had a population of about 50 people, out of 336 people who lived in the Parish of Worldham.[3] Most houses in the area date to the pre-20th century; however in recent times numerous farm buildings have been converted to housing and for industrial purposes.[3] According to the parish website, there are now "two significant industrial developments within the parish".[3] The local economy is based around agriculture, particularly cattle farming.[18] Beef cattle, sheep, grain crops, and hops[19] are the main sources of income,[1] Farmers from West Worldham traded in Southampton and Alton throughout its history.[20] Most inhabitants are either retired or commute to nearby towns to work. Worldham Golf Course is located just to the north of West Worldham. The Jalsa Salana, an annual convention held at Oaklands Farm in East Worldham, attracts numerous people from surrounding areas.[3]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Manor Farm, West Worldham
Interior of St Nicholas Church

Manor Farm House is a Grade II listed building and the farm and its cottages are the main feature in West Worldham. It was owned for some time by the Broce family.[21] Manor Farm is one of the UK's twenty-three Feather Down Farms.[22] Pullens Farmhouse is also a Grade II listed building, and although its inscription dates to 1652, it shows medieval characteristics.[1]

Adjacent to the Manor Farm is St Nicholas Church, small church dated to the late 12th century, which forms one of eleven churches in the Northanger benefice.[1] It fell into ruin and lost its roof before it was restored in the late Victorian period in 1888.[23] It is a single-cell building, with 2 small lancets on the north side, and contains windows dated to the 15th and 16th century.[23] The two doorways date to the 13th century, and the timber-framed porch on the south side to the 15th century.[23] The interior is described as "plain, with a piscina in the east wall and 2 in the nave, an octagonal font, and 3 wall monuments of the late 18th century." [23] The church became a listed building on 31 July 1963.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "West Worldham". Worldham.org. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Post Office Directory of Hampshire, Wiltshire, and Dorsetshire, with Maps Engraged Expressly for the Work, and Coorected to the Time of Publication (Public domain ed.). London: Kelly and Co. 1855. pp. 183–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Parish Plan Publication". Worldham.org. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Curtis, William (1906). The Town of Alton. Warren and Son. p. 91. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  5. ^ British Archaeological Association. Central Committee; Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Central Committee; Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Council; Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Royal Archaeological Institute (Great Britain) (1930). The Archaeological Journal. Longman, Rrown [sic], Green, and Longman. p. 319. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Grimaldi, Stacey (1874). Miscellaneous Writings Prose and Poetry from Printed & Manuscript Sources. s.n. p. 72. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Moody, Henry (1862). Hampshire in 1086: an extension of the Latin and an English translation of the Domesday book, as far as it relates to Hampshire. Printed and published for H. Moody by J. T. Doswell. p. 44. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Bath and West and Southern Counties Society (1881). Journal (Public domain ed.). pp. 176–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  9. ^ Moody, Henry (1846). Antiquarian and Topographical Sketches of Hampshire. p. 109. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  10. ^ White, William (1878). History, gazetteer and directory of the county of Hampshire: including the Isle of Wight, and comprising a general survey of the county and separate historical, statistical and topographical descriptions of all the hundreds, parishes, townships, chapelries, towns, ports, villages, hamlets, & unions; the diocese of Winchester; the seats of the nobility and gentry; magistrates and public officers; and a great variety of other archæological, architectural, agricultural, biographical, botanical and geological information (Public domain ed.). W. White. pp. 617–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  11. ^ Linnean Society of London (1897). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press. pp. 73–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c d Google Maps. Maps (Map).
  13. ^ Topley, William; Etheridge, Robert; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1875). The geology of the Weald: parts of the counties of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Hants) (Public domain ed.). Printed for H.M. Stationery off. pp. 263–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  14. ^ D. H. Moutray Read (1908). Highways and byways in Hampshire (Public domain ed.). Macmillan and Co. pp. 391–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  15. ^ Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society (1892). The Hampshire antiquary and naturalist: being the local notes and queries, reports of meetings of the Hampshire field club, and other ... matters reprinted from "The Hampshre Independent." ... (Public domain ed.). Edwards, Hampshire Independent Office. pp. 54–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  16. ^ Geological Survey of Great Britain; Museum of Economic Geology in London (1875). Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and the Museum of Economic Geology in London (Public domain ed.). H.M.S.O. pp. 156–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  17. ^ Geological Survey of Great Britain; Museum of Economic Geology in London (1862). Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and the Museum of Economic Geology in London. H.M.S.O. p. 13. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  18. ^ The New Monthly Magazine. 1817. p. 186. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1919). Papers by command (Public domain ed.). HMSO. pp. 99–. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  20. ^ Great Britain. Court of Assize and Nisi Prius (1869). Reports of cases argued and determined in the English courts of common law: with tables of the cases and principal matters. T. & J.W. Johnson. p. 22. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  21. ^ Coates's Herd Book. Shorthorn Society of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 1939. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  22. ^ Editors of Time Out (2 February 2010). Time Out Camping: Our 100 Favourite Sites in Britain. Time Out Guides. pp. 119–. ISBN 978-1-84670-174-0. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "Church of St Nicholas, Worldham". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 

External links[edit]