West Wratting

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West Wratting
West Wratting, St Andrew - geograph.org.uk - 2973.jpg
St Andrew's Church
The village pump at West Wratting - geograph.org.uk - 1432792.jpg
The village pump at West Wratting
West Wratting is located in Cambridgeshire
West Wratting
West Wratting
 West Wratting shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 436 [1]
OS grid reference TL605515
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBRIDGE
Postcode district CB21
Dialling code 01223
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Coordinates: 52°08′46″N 0°20′46″E / 52.146°N 0.346°E / 52.146; 0.346

Signpost in West Wratting, which was knocked over in 2013.

West Wratting is a village and civil parish 10 miles southeast of Cambridge in Cambridgeshire. At 390 feet (120 m) above sea level, it can claim to be the highest village in Cambridgeshire.

The parish covers 3,543 acres in south east Cambridge, a thin strip, less than two miles wide, stretching from the London to Newmarket road to the border with Suffolk. Much of its western border follows the Fleam Dyke. It is bordered by Weston Colville to the north and east, and by Balsham and West Wickham to the south.[2]

History[edit]

The parish is believed to have been formed as an offshoot of Great Wratting in Suffolk.[2] Land at the village is recorded in the Domesday Book as belonging to one Harduin de Scalers. The same family owned the land until it was granted by Stephen de Scalariis and his wife, Juliana, to the Nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund on the placement there of their daughter Sibil before 1161.[3] It houses a smock mill dated to 1726, the oldest confirmed in the country.[4][5]

Two 18th century manor houses, West Wratting Hall and West Wratting Park, remain standing.[2] West Wratting Hall was home to E.P. Frost who built an unsuccessful flapping-wing flying machine ("ornithopter"), powered by steam. Frost was president of the Aeronautical Society from 1908 to 1911, and a later version of his machine can be seen in the Shuttleworth Collection.[6]

Towards the end of World War II an airfield was set up outside the village at RAF Wratting Common, and part of No. 195 Squadron RAF was posted there equipped with Avro Lancasters. After the war in the late 1940s, the station was used to host foreign displaced persons and workers in the Westward Ho! and North Sea scheme work programmes.[7]

Listed as Wreattinge in the 10th century and Waratinge in the Domesday Book, the village's name means "place where crosswort or hellebore grows".[8]

The area between West Wratting and Balsham is said to be the haunt of the mythical Shug Monkey.[9]

Church[edit]

The village had a church from at least the early 12th century. The present parish church, dedicated to St Andrew since the 16th century, includes elements dating back to the 13th century. The present building consists of a chancel with north vestry, clerestoried nave with south porch, and west tower. The chancel arch dates from the 13th century, and the tower from the 14th, though foundations of a small tower predating the 13th century have been found.[2]

A nonconfirmist chapel was built in around 1815, but numbers declined in the 1960s to the point of dereliction.[2]

Village life[edit]

Today the village houses one pub, the Chestnut Tree, which opened in the late 19th century.[10] There were three alehouses licensed in the village in 1632. The Crown Inn, opposite the church, recorded from 1788, was renamed The Lamb in the 20th century but closed at some point after 1975.[2]

A National day school was opened in 1861 but had completely disbanded by 1971.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 census
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "'Parishes: West Wratting', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely" 6. British-History.ac.uk. 1978. pp. 191–198. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 
  3. ^ Sinker, Robert (2008). Biographical Notes on the Librarians of Trinity College on Sir Edward Stanhopes Foundation. BiblioBazaar. p. 15. ISBN 0-559-38369-X. 
  4. ^ Brown, RJ (1976). Windmills of England. Hale. p. 58. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3. 
  5. ^ Smith, David Michael (1980). English Episcopal Acta. Oxford University Press. p. 37. ISBN 0-19-726335-6. 
  6. ^ Frost Ornithopter
  7. ^ Weber-Newth, Inge (2006). German migrants in post-war Britain. Routledge. pp. 86–97. ISBN 0-7146-5657-7. 
  8. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names". 
  9. ^ Alexander, Marc (2002) A Companion to the Folklore, Myths & Customs of Britain, Sutton Publishing, p.272
  10. ^ Staff writer (11 April 2009). "Ale lovers will be spoilt for choice". Haverhill Echo. Retrieved 17 November 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to West Wratting at Wikimedia Commons