Westbury-on-Trym

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Coordinates: 51°29′35″N 2°37′11″W / 51.4930°N 2.6196°W / 51.4930; -2.6196

Westbury on Trym
Westburyontrymwarmemorial.jpg
Westbury-on-Trym War Memorial
Bristol westbury.png
Boundaries of the city council ward
Population 10,348 [1]
OS grid reference ST570773
Unitary authority Bristol
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS9/10
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bristol North West
List of places
UK
England
Bristol

Westbury on Trym is a suburb and council ward in the north of the City of Bristol, near the suburbs of Stoke Bishop, Westbury Park, Henleaze, Southmead and Henbury, in the southwest of England. Westbury on Trym has a village atmosphere. The place is partly named after the River Trym that flows through it.

History[edit]

The origins of Westbury on Trym predate those of Bristol itself. At the end of the 8th century, King Offa of Mercia granted land at Westbury to his minister, Aethelmund. Later there was a monastery at Westbury, probably initially a secular one, with married clergy. This changed towards the end of the 10th century when Oswald of Worcester, in whose diocese the monastery lay, sent a party of 12 monks to follow more stringent rules at the Westbury monastery.[2]

The architect Ednoth constructed a new church and other buildings. The monastery became a college with a dean and canons at the end of the 13th century. It was rebuilt in the mid-15th century to resemble a miniature castle with turrets and a gatehouse. The Royalist Prince Rupert of the Rhine used it as his quarters during the English Civil War. When he left, in 1643, he ordered it to be set on fire so that the Parliamentarians could not make use of it. In the 20th century some of the college buildings were restored. Westbury College Gatehouse passed into the hands of the National Trust and the grounds were adapted for housing elderly people.

The current Church of the Holy Trinity dates from 1194 (although there has been a place of worship on the site since 717), with an early 13th century nave and aisles, and 15th century chancel, chapels and tower. It is a grade I listed building.[3]

The ancient parish of Westbury on Trym was a large one. It included Stoke Bishop, Redland, a large exclave comprising Shirehampton and Avonmouth, and several smaller exclaves in the parish of Henbury.[4] When the civil parish was created in 1866, Shirehampton was separated to form its own civil parish, and in 1894 Redland also became a separate civil parish. In 1904 the civil parish was abolished and absorbed into Bristol.[5] Redland remained in the ecclesiastical parish of Westbury until 1942.

Amenities[edit]

Westbury on Trym High Street has three Indian, one Thai and one Italian restaurant in the High Street. The latter, Casamia, is the only Michelin-starred restaurant in Bristol (as of 2010).[6] There is also the Villager Restaurant (Modern English) at the end of College Road, eight pubs and several cafés. The village centre is well-served for shoppers, containing banks and independent stores including book shops, craft stores, hardware shops, florists, and a number of charity shops. Two free car parks are available and a medium-sized supermarket, built on the site of the previous Carlton cinema, above which there is a ladies only gym. During 2001, a large Sainsbury's was proposed, but the opposition to the plan was so strong from local villagers that the supermarket construction was eventually scrapped. In November 2013 a Tesco Metro opened on the site of a closed pub (The Foresters Tavern) just off the central War Memorial in the Village, its coming had been the subject of much discussion in the village and had been strongly opposed by many.

Schools within the area include Elmlea Infant School, Elmlea Junior School and Westbury on Trym Church of England Academy. Independent schools include the prestigious girls' schools Badminton, which has taught pupils such as Indira Gandhi, Princess Haya of Jordan and the daughter of the Sultan of Brunei; Red Maids', the oldest surviving girls' school in England.

A new doctors' surgery has been constructed for Westbury near to the Holy Trinity Church and the Westbury Hill Car Park. This replaces the previous surgery which was housed in a building on Falcondale Road.

Canford Cemetery opened in 1903, acquiring a crematorium in 1957.

Transport[edit]

Transport routes include the A4018, which runs from the city centre to Cribbs Causeway. Westbury is served by bus routes 1, 5, 20, 55, 501, 502, 508, 624 and service X14 also connects Westbury-on-Trym with Chepstow and Newport, South Wales. The nearest railway station is at Sea Mills.

Notable residents[edit]

The wealthy Bristol merchant William Canynge was dean of Westbury College from 1469 to 1474.[7]

Bishop John Carpenter (1399–1476) was an English Bishop, Provost and University Chancellor who was baptised and buried in St Peter's Church, now called Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym.[8][9] The Westbury Harriers club have adapted Bishop John Carpenter's arms to use as their "crest."[10]

John Wedgwood, the horticulturist and eldest son of potter Josiah Wedgwood, lived at the old Cote House on the edge of Durdham Down from 1797 to 1806. The house, which had Gothic turrets and battlements, was demolished in 1925 to make way for retirement accommodation.[11]

The poet Robert Southey, who later in his life became one of the Lake poets and the Poet Laureate, lived in the village for a year in 1798–99, during which he wrote his Eclogues and much other poetry. His social circle at the time included the Wedgwoods of Cote House and chemist Humphry Davy, who was also living in Bristol then. Southey took part in Davy's experiments with laughing gas.[12]

Amelia Edwards the traveller, novelist and Egyptologist lived in Eastfield, at the eastern end of the village, from c. 1864 to 1892.[13]

Geoff Gollop OBE, councillor for Westbury on Trym stood to become the first elected Mayor of Bristol in the elections of 15 November 2012 but was unsuccessful.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Westbury-on-Trym". 2001 Census Ward Information Sheet. Retrieved 21 February 2007. 
  2. ^ Victoria County History of Gloucestershire: The College of Westbury on Trym
  3. ^ "Church of the Holy Trinity". Images of England. Retrieved 20 February 2007. 
  4. ^ Vision of Britain: Boundary map
  5. ^ Vision of Britain website
  6. ^ "Best restaurants near Bristol". Restaurants ViaMichelin. Michelin. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  7. ^ Little, Bryan; Sansom, John (1999). The Story of Bristol from the Middle Ages to Today. Bristol: Redcliffe Press. p. 15. ISBN 1-900178-56-7. 
  8. ^ Westbury-on-Trym Parish Church and College. From the information framed at the entrance of the Church and containing the History of the Vicars etc. Info also from "Bishop Carpenters Monument" in the Chancel of the Parish Church and directly over the Sepulchre in the little Chapel beneath the Chancel.
  9. ^ "'College: Westbury-on-Trym', A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 2 (1907), pp. 106–108". British History Online. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  10. ^ "The Westbury Harriers Crest – Heraldically, our crest is described as "Paly of six gules and azure on a chevron argent three cross crosslet or; on the top of the chevron is a mitre wrought or." Westbury Harriers club crest: http://www.westburyharriers.co.uk/crest.html See also: http://www.westburyharriers.co.uk/index.html
  11. ^ Kingsley, Nicholas (1992). The Country Houses of Gloucestershire, Vol.2 1660–1830. Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 109–110. ISBN 0-85033-806-9. 
  12. ^ Cottle, Basil (1980). Robert Southey and Bristol. Bristol: Bristol Branch of the Historical Association Pamphlets. pp. 12–14. 
  13. ^ Rees, Joan (1998). Amelia Edwards: Traveller, Novelist and Egyptologist. London: Rubicon. pp. 19, 66, 69. ISBN 0-948695-61-7. 

External links[edit]