Westcott, Surrey

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Coordinates: 51°13′26″N 0°21′43″W / 51.224°N 0.362°W / 51.224; -0.362

Westcott
Westcott - geograph.org.uk - 135569.jpg
Village green area with flowers
The Lake, Westcott - geograph.org.uk - 589263.jpg
A barraged part of the Pipp Brook forms the Lake at Westcott
Westcott is located in Surrey
Westcott
Westcott
 Westcott shown within Surrey
Population 2,251 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TQ1448
Civil parish n/a
District Mole Valley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dorking
Postcode district RH4
Dialling code 01306
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Westcott is a semi-rural English village and former civil parish 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the centre of Dorking on the A25 between the North Downs and Greensand Ridge, making it one of the 'Vale of Holmesdale' villages (greatly in Westcott an AONB) and is in Surrey in the direction of Guildford. It is served by a local bus service and is 1 mile (1.6 km) from Dorking West railway station on the North Downs Line.

Topography[edit]

The village is drained solely by the midsection of the Pipp Brook from Wotton Common and sources in the parish (rising at its furthest source 3 miles (4.8 km) south at Leith Hill), which then flows by the village centre in its northern farmland flowing into Dorking and discharging at the lowest part of Dorking's former other chapelry in Pixham. As such the village was rooted on its road, the A25 and mill and rests in a valley at the foot of the steep slopes of Ranmore and the North Downs to the north and Greensand Ridge to the south. Some of the village is in the Surrey Hills AONB and its single through-road in two directions is on the annual London-Surrey cycle classic route.

In Squire's Wood, south of Westcott, is Mag's Well, one of the sources of Pipp Brook. It was formerly of some repute as a medicinal spring, and is strongly impregnated with iron. A building, ruined, existed over it, and in the Victorian period children still bathed in it.[2]

There is a thatched dovecot on the village green. The weather vane on top of the dovecot has had the N replaced by a T such that it now shows the letters WEST.

History[edit]

Holy Trinity Church in Westcott

Westcott or Westcote lay in the Wotton Hundred. It along with superseded Milton was the upper borough, turned into a chapelry of Dorking also in the Victorian period. The lower hamlet being Pixham As such, it contributed significantly to the wealth and trade of Dorking, including in the wool and meat from sheep farming on the North Downs within the parish bounds.[2]

Bury Hill here was recorded in the 15th century. It became a manor, formed from waste (infertile land) of the manor of Milton, Dorking. James Walter was buying the land in 1753 and he built the house then and planted the grounds. He died 1780, when the 3rd Viscount Grimston, his daughter's husband, succeeded him here. In 1812 his son and heir, about to be created Earl of Verulam, sold it to a wealthy Scottish individual, Robert Barclay and it descended to his Barclay heir in the Edwardian period when The Nower was "a [neighbouring] favourite [hill] walk for Dorking people" and he was the ancestor of comedy executive/producer Humphrey Barclay.[3]

Many pre-1800 listed building homes including some that are thatched are in the lanes leading off the A25, including Leslie Howard's (actor 1893–1943) Stowe Maries (built in the 1550s) in Balchins Lane. Milton Street and Westcott Street lead to several more old buildings.[4] The Church of the Holy Trinity is Grade II* as it was commissioned to be designed 1851, by Sir George Gilbert Scott made of knapped flint with ashlar quoins/dressings. Its spire has a clock, weather vane and bells within its[5] 14th-century style. It is of stone, with a small western turret. Charles Barclay of Bury Hill gave equivalent to £92,707 in 2014 for it to be built, and Lady Mary Leslie the same as endowment. The clock was put up to commemorate the Jubilee of 1887. The parsonage house was built at the sole expense of Barclay and the secular Westcote Schools were built by subscription in 1854; and an infant school by subscription in 1882.[3]

It was the second nearest village, with some trade, to John Evelyn's Wotton House and Estate, well known by the diarist, garden landscaper and society favourite in the mid to late 17th century; in 1694 Evelyn moved in to his completed house.

Economy and amenities[edit]

The average distance travelled to work is 17 kilometres (11 mi) and a sizeable chunk of the population is retired.[6]

Of the original three public houses The Prince of Wales remains. The Crown finally closed in September 2011. Bay Leaf,[7] a popular Indian restaurant is a feature of the village, an ingenious reinvention of the rather old public house, The Cricketers.

It has an art gallery, a number of small stores, a bicycle shop and two general stores, one with a small post office. The village is busy with cyclists every weekend as the area offers some of the best mountain biking in Southern England.

Westcott's village school celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2004. In 2010 it was merged with the nearby Abinger Common to create a two-campus school known as the Surrey Hills Church of England Primary School.

In 2009 a skate ramp and football goals were installed in the village park.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]
Westcott 339 309 126 143 1 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Households
Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Westcott 2,251 918 39 34 978

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Village hoarder[edit]

Westcott's long term resident Richard Wallace has admitted to being an obsessive collector and hoarder. His hoarding is so extreme that local residents and councillors tried to take him to the high court for "destroying their idyllic village" to try to force him to clear up his mess which has now flooded out of his two houses into his garden and neighbouring areas, however he defended himself in court and won.

Wallace was the subject of Obsessive Compulsive Hoarder, a Channel 4 TV documentary shown on 21 December 2011, in which viewers got to look into his life and home and experience his extreme hoarding first hand. Most rooms in his house are filled floor to ceiling with old newspapers, cardboard and plastic bottles.

Residents of Westcott have since tried to help him clear up the mess.[8]

See also[edit]

Portal icon Surrey portal Media related to Westcott, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "The hundred of Wotton: Introduction and map". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Dorking". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  4. ^ English Heritage search for Westcott
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1227892)". National Heritage List for England . Church of The Holy Trinity
  6. ^ 2001 census table
  7. ^ Bay Leaf Dorking
  8. ^ "O.C. Hoarder" Channel 4

External links[edit]