Western Air Command (India)
|Western Air Command, Indian Air Force
पश्चिमी वायु कमान, भारतीय वायु सेना
|Founded||July 22, 1949|
|Branch||Indian Air Force|
|Type||Operational Air Command|
|Role||Air Defence, OCA, Offensive Ground Support, Civilian Relief.|
|Motto||Sanskrit: Akasha Pasmatsoma|
|Engagements||1962 Sino-Indian War, 1971 India-Pakistan War, Operation Meghdoot|
|Air Marshal S.S. Soman AVSM VM, AOC-in-C|
|Air Marshal MSD Wollen, Air Marshal A.Y. Tipnis,|
The Western Air Command (WAC) is the regional command of Indian Air Force headquartered in New Delhi. It is the largest and most important Air Command of the IAF, comprising sixteen Air Force Bases (AFBs), and is responsible for aerial defence of North India. The current Commander is Air Marshal S.S Soman AVSM VM, AOC-in-C, WAC.
WAC was raised in 1947 as the No. 1 Operational Group which controlled all the flying units of Indian Air Force, including the flying training units. On July 22, 1949, the No. 1 Operational Group was re-designated as the Operational Command. In 1958, The rank of the Commanding Officer of Operational Command was upgraded from Air Commodore to Air Vice Marshal and later, to the rank of Air Marshal.
In the aftermath of the India-China War of 1962, the IAF began the process of demarcation of specific areas of responsibility, and splitting up of the flying Corps into various operational air commands. On June 10, 1963, Operational Command assumed its present name of Headquarters Western Air Command.
Due to its geographical location in the crucial North Indian region, surrounded by Pakistan to the west and China to the East, WAC has been involved in all major operations in India since independence, and has been the hub-centre of all operational activities during any operation.
The IAF Western Air Command is engaged in air logistics operations to supply troops deployed at Siachen Glacier. These operations are undertaken from the Siachen Forward Air Base, using Mi-17, HAL Dhruv and HAL Cheetah helicopters.
The Western Air Command has been the major operational command involved in most of the war fought by India, including the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, Sino-Indian War in 1962, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, Operation Pawan (1986) in Sri Lanka and Operation Safed Sagar during the 1999 Kargil War.
Western Air Command is headquartered at Subroto Park, New Delhi. It is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, WAC, of the rank of Air Marshal. The current AOC-in-C WAC is Air Marshal S.S Soman AVSM VM. Under the C-in-C come the Senior Air Staff Officer, Senior Maintenance Staff Officer and Senior Officer in Charge of Administration, who are of the ranks of Air Vice Marshal or Air Commodore. They handle the day-to-day activities of the Command and act as the liaison between the various Wings.
WAC also has a forward headquarters located at Chandigarh near the Army's Western Command. There is an Air Operations Group, formed in 1982, located at Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir, which is principally tasked with the defence of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.
WAC has been assigned 10 permanent Air Force Stations (AFS)and 6 Forward Base Support Units (FBSUs), including the strategic Forward Air Base at Siachen. Along with these, WAC also has over 200 operational bases, Advance Landing Grounds (ALGs), and Operational centres placed under its command.
The Air Force Stations/Wings under WAC control are:
Permanent Air Force Stations (AFS)
|Adampur AFS||VIAX||31/13||776 ft / 236 m||Punjab|
|900 ft / 274 m||Haryana|
|Awantipur AFS||VIAW||12/30||5,400 ft / 1,646 m||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Chandigarh AFS||VICG||11/29||1,012 ft / 308 m||Chandigarh|
|Halwara AFS||VIHX||13/31||790 ft / 241 m||Punjab|
|Hindon AFS||VIDX||09/27||700 ft / 213 m||Uttar Pradesh|
|10,682 ft/ 3,256 m||Jammu & Kashmir|
|776 ft / 237 mts||Delhi|
|Pathankot AFS||VIPK||01/19||1,017 ft / 310 m||Punjab|
|Srinagar AFS||VISR||13/31||5,458 ft / 1,664 m||Jammu & Kashmir|
Forward Base Support Units (FBSU)
|Amritsar AFS||VIAR||16/34||755 ft / 230 m||Punjab|
|Bhatinda AFS||VIBT||13/31||700 ft /213 m||Punjab|
|Sarsawa AFS||VISP||09/27||891 ft / 272 m||Uttar Pradesh|
|Siachen Glacier AFS||22,000 ft / 6,706 m||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Sirsa AFS||VISA||05/23||650 ft / 198 m||Haryana|
|Udhampur AFS||VIUX||18/36||1,950 ft / 594 m||Jammu & Kashmir|
- "Central Air Command". Indianairforce.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- WAC at Globalsecurity.org
- Scramble.nl, Indian Air Force Order of Battle, accessed October 2011
- "Indian air force proves Hamsafar in J&K". GroundReport. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "IAF Commands". Defenceindia.com. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009.