Northwest Territories (electoral district)

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For the Canadian territory, see Northwest Territories.
Northwest Territories (electoral district)
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories electoral district
Northwest Territories, Canada.svg
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Dennis Bevington
New Democratic
District created 1976
First contested 1979
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 41,462
Electors (2011) 27,886
Area (km²)[2] 1,143,793.47
Pop. density (per km²) 0.04
Census divisions Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6
Census subdivisions Yellowknife, Hay River, Inuvik, Fort Smith, Behchokò, Fort Simpson, Tuktoyaktuk, Fort McPherson, Norman Wells, Fort Providence
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created 1962
District abolished 1976
First contested 1962
Last contested 1974

Northwest Territories is a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada.

This riding was created in 1962 from Mackenzie River riding. It was composed of the entire territory of the Northwest Territories. In 1979, the riding was divided into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq (later Nunavut) ridings. Following the creation of the territory of Nunavut in 1999, the riding of Western Arctic was made coterminous with the new Northwest Territories.

After 1999, Western Arctic was an anomaly in that, unlike Nunavut and Yukon, it did not share the name of the territory with which it was coterminous. This did not change with subsequent representation orders because the electoral boundaries revision process did not affect the territories and the territorial riding names were specified in law. In 2014, at the behest of Western Arctic MP Dennis Bevington, the riding name was changed to Northwest Territories by Bill C-37, which also changed the names of several other ridings scheduled to come into effect with the representation order for the next election. Unlike those names, the change to Northwest Territories came into effect immediately as it involved amending the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act itself.[3][4]

From 1887 to 1905, the only areas of the NWT with representation in Parliament were those areas that became part of present-day provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and western Manitoba). From 1905 to 1947, the NWT was not represented in Parliament. From 1947 to 1962, the southwestern NWT was represented only by the electoral district of Yukon—Mackenzie River and then Mackenzie River. In 1962, the electoral district of NWT was created to represent the entire territory, for the first time giving all Canadian territory a representative in Parliament.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Following the division into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq, the riding's first MP was Progressive Conservative MP Dave Nickerson, who was first elected in 1979 and re-elected twice. In the 1988 election, Nickerson was defeated by Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew who went on to serve as the riding's MP for eighteen years, including two years as Minister of State for Northern Development. In 2006, Blondin-Andrew was defeated by New Democrat Dennis Bevington. The earlier riding of Northwest Territories had been represented by New Democrat Wally Firth from 1972 to 1979.

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Northwest Territories
Riding created from Mackenzie River
25th  1962 − 1963     Isabel J. Tibbie Hardie Liberal
26th  1963 − 1965     Eugène Rhéaume Progressive Conservative
27th  1965 − 1968     Robert J. Orange Liberal
28th  1968 − 1972
29th  1972 − 1974     Wally Firth New Democratic
30th  1974 − 1979
Riding divided into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq
As Western Arctic
31st  1979 − 1980     Dave Nickerson Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988
34th  1988 − 1993     Ethel Blondin-Andrew Liberal
35th  1993 − 1997
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008     Dennis Bevington New Democratic
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present
Riding renamed Northwest Territories as of 2014

Election results[edit]

Northwest Territories (1962-1974)[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Isabel Hardie 3,842
Progressive Conservative Eugène Rhéaume 3,519
Unknown A. Pat Carey 948
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Eugène Rhéaume 4,814
Liberal Isabel Hardie 3,659
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Robert Orange 5,194
Progressive Conservative Eugène Rhéaume 3,615
New Democratic Tieleman Erkelens 431
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Robert Orange 6,018
Progressive Conservative R. Van Norman 2,211
New Democratic William Harvey Kent 1,203
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes
New Democratic Wally Firth 5,597
Progressive Conservative Bob Ward 4,339
Liberal Dick Hill 4,121
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes
New Democratic Wally Firth 5,410
Progressive Conservative Bob Ward 4,271
Liberal Richard Whitford 3,173

Western Arctic (1979-2011)[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes %
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 4,058 35.16
Liberal David Searle 3,827 33.15
New Democratic Georges Erasmus 3,385 29.33
Independent Edward McRae 273 2.37
Total valid votes 11,543 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 3,556 33.81 -1.35
New Democratic Wally Firth 3,537 33.63 +4.30
Liberal Gary Boyd 3,425 32.56 -0.59
Total valid votes 10,518 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 5,822 46.12 +12.31
New Democratic Bertha Allen 3,538 28.03 -5.60
Liberal Lynda Sorenson 3,264 25.86 -6.71
Total valid votes 12,624 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Ethel Blondin 5,415 42.37 +16.52
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 3,657 28.62 -17.50
New Democratic Wayne Cahill 3,207 25.10 -2.93
Independent Cece McCauley 331 2.59
Independent Ernie Lennie 169 1.32
Total valid votes 12,779 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 8,867 62.47 +20.10
Reform Mansell Grey 2,000 14.09
Progressive Conservative Martin Hanly 1,892 13.33 -15.29
New Democratic Bill Schram 896 6.31 -18.78
Green Chris O'Brien 325 2.29
Natural Law Lynn Taylor 213 1.50
Total valid votes 14,193 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,564 41.63 -20.84 $56,834
New Democratic Mary Beth Levan 2,579 19.29 +12.98 $22,393
Reform Mike Watt 1,966 14.71 +0.62 $4,546
Progressive Conservative Bob Dowdall 1,687 12.62 -0.71 $16,020
Independent Wally Firth 1,567 11.72 $8,857
Total valid votes 13,363 100.00
Total rejected ballots 94 0.70
Turnout 13,457 58.37
Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,855 45.59 +3.96 $56,498
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 3,430 26.71 +7.42 $27,323
Alliance Fred Turner 2,273 17.70 +2.99 $15,406
Progressive Conservative Bruce McLaughlin 1,687 9.98 -2.64 $8,374
Total valid votes 12,840 100.00
Total rejected ballots 72 0.56
Turnout 12,912 52.24
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,317 39.44 -6.15 $58,782
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 5,264 39.05 +12.34 $39,504
Conservative Sean Mandeville 2,314 17.16 -10.52 $16,863
Green Chris O'Brien 583 4.32 $2,754
Total valid votes 13,478 100.00
Total rejected ballots 69 0.51
Turnout 13,547 47.33
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 6,801 42.67 +3.62 $40,703
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,643 35.40 -4.04
Conservative Richard Edjericon 3,200 20.08 +2.92
Green Alexandre Beaudin 296 1.85 -2.47
Total valid votes 15,940 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
     New Democratic Party gain from Liberal Swing +3.83
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 5,669 41.44 -0.99 $39,961
Conservative Brendan Bell 5,146 37.62 +17.14 $84,329
Liberal Gabrielle Mackenzie-Scott 1,858 13.58 -21.7 $37,884
Green Sam Gamble 752 5.49 +3.65 $9,010
First Peoples National Noeline Villebrun 252 1.84 +1.87
Total valid votes 13,677 100.00
Total rejected ballots 56 0.41
Turnout 13,733 47.71
Eligible voters 28,787
     New Democratic Party hold Swing -9.1
Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 7,140 45.80 +4.36
Conservative Sandy Lee 5,001 32.10 -5.51
Liberal Joseph Handley 2,872 18.40 +4.82
Green Eli Purchase 447 3.10 -2.39
Animal Alliance Bonnie Dawson 87 0.60 N/A
Total valid votes 15,577 100.00
Total rejected ballots 78 0.50 +0.09
Turnout 15,655 55.43 +7.72
Eligible voters 28,244

Northwest Territories (2014-)[edit]

See 42nd Canadian federal election

Federal riding associations[edit]

Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties:

Party Association Name CEO HQ Address HQ City
     Conservative Party of Canada Western Arctic Conservative Association Bill Aho 5523 44th Street Yellowknife
Green Green Party of Canada — Western Arctic Jessica Gamble 15 Gitzel Street Yellowknife
     Liberal Party of Canada Western Arctic Federal Liberal Association Peter Guther PO BOX 965 Yellowknife
     New Democratic Party Western Arctic Federal NDP Riding Association Mark Heyck PO BOX 2185 Yellowknife

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stastistics Canada: 2012
  2. ^ Stastistics Canada: 2012
  3. ^ Bill C-37, An Act to change the names of certain electoral districts and to amend the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act (S.C. 2014, c. 19).
  4. ^ Parliament of Canada. "Northwest Territories (Northwest Territories) 2014-". History of Federal Ridings since 1867. Consulted 2014-08-27.

External links[edit]